1) EID PRAYER FOR WOMEN IS SUNNAH.
2) CONDITIONS OF WOMEN GOING TO MOSQUE(MASJID).
3) IT IS BETTER FOR WOMEN TO GO OUT TO THE EID PRAYERS OR TO STAY AT HOME?
1) EID PRAYER FOR WOMEN IS SUNNAH. :-
It is not obligatory for women, but it is Sunnah. Women should offer this prayer in the prayer-place with the Muslims, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined them to do that.
EVIDENCE FROM SUNNAH :-
Narrated Um ‘Atiya:
We used to be ordered to come out on the Day of ‘Id and even bring out the virgin girls from their houses and menstruating women so that they might stand behind the men and say Takbir along with them and invoke Allah along with them and hope for the blessings of that day and for purification from sins.
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 2, Book#15, Hadith #88)
Narrated Muhammad: Um ‘Atiyya said: “Our Prophet ordered us to come out (on ‘Id day) with the mature girls and the virgins staying in seclusion.” Hafsa narrated the above mentioned Hadith and added, “The mature girls or virgins staying in seclusion but the menstruating WOMEN had to keep away from the Musalla.”
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 2, Book #15, Hadith #91)
Narrated Um-’Atiya: We were ordered to go out (for ‘Id) and also to take along with us the menstruating WOMEN, mature girls and virgins staying in seclusion. (Ibn ‘Aun said, “Or mature virgins staying in seclusion).” The menstruating WOMEN could present themselves at the religious gathering and invocation of Muslims but should keep away from their Musalla.
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 2, Book #15, Hadith #97)
Narrated Hafsa: (On ‘Id) We used to forbid our virgins to go out (for ‘Id prayer). A lady came and stayed at the Palace of Bani Khalaf. She mentioned that her sister was married to one of the companions of Allah’s Apostle who participated in twelve Ghazawats along with Allah’s Apostle and her sister was with him in six of them. She said, “We used to dress the wounded and look after the patients.” She (her sister) asked Allah’s Apostle , “Is there any harm for a woman to stay at home if she doesn’t have a veil?” He said, “She should cover herself with the veil of her companion and she should take part in the good deeds and in the religious gatherings of the believers.” When Um ‘Atiyya came, I asked her. “Did you hear anything about that?” Um ‘Atiyya said, “Bi Abi” and she never mentioned the name of Allah’s Apostle without saying “Bi Abi” (i.e. ‘Let my father be sacrificed for you’). We asked her, “Have you heard Allah’s Apostle saying so and so (about WOMEN)?” She replied in the affirmative and said, “Let my father be sacrificed for him. He told us that unmarried mature virgins who stay often screened or unmarried young virgins and mature girls who stay often screened should come out and take part in the good deeds and in the religious gatherings of the believers. But the menstruating WOMEN should keep away from the Musalla (praying place).” I asked her, “The menstruating WOMEN?” She replied, “Don’t they present themselves at ‘Arafat and at such and such places?”
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 2, Book #26, Hadith #714)
Narrated Um ‘Atiya: We were ordered to bring out our menstruating women and veiled women in the religious gatherings and invocation of Muslims on the two ‘Id festivals. These menstruating women were to keep away from their Musalla. A woman asked, “O Allah’s Apostle ‘ What about one who does not have a veil?” He said, “Let her share the veil of her companion.”
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 1, Book #8, Hadith #347)
Narrated Aiyub: Hafsa bint Sirin said, “On Id we used to forbid our girls to go out for ‘Id prayer. A lady came and stayed at the palace of Bani Khalaf and I went to her. She said, ‘The husband of my sister took part in twelve holy battles along with the Prophet and my sister was with her husband in six of them. My sister said that they used to nurse the sick and treat the wounded. Once she asked, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! If a woman has no veil, is there any harm if she does not come out (on ‘Id day)?’ The Prophet said, ‘Her companion should let her share her veil with her, and the women should participate in the good deeds and in the religious gatherings of the believers.
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 1, Book #6, Hadith #321)
Umm ‘Atiyya reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) commanded us to bring out on’Id-ul-Fitr and ‘Id-ul-Adha young women, menstruating women and purdah observing ladies, menstruating women kept back from prayer, but participated in goodness and supplication of the Muslims. I said: Messenger of Allah, one of us does not have an outer garment (to cover her face and body). He said: Let her sister cover her with her outer garment.
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 4, Hadith 1934)
It was narrated that Hafsah said:
“Umm ‘Atiyyah would never mention the Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h) without saying: ‘May my father be ransomed for him.’ I said: ‘Did you hear the Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h) say such-and-such?’ And she said: ‘Yes, may my father be ransomed for him.’ He said: Let the adolescent girls, women in seclusion and menstruating women come out and attend the ‘Eid and supplications of the Muslims, but let the menstruating women keep away from the prayer place.” (Sahih)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 9, Hadith 1559)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 9, Hadith 1560)
Umm Atiyyah narrated:
“Allah’s Messenger would order the virgins, the mature women, the secluded and the menstruating to go out for the two Eid. As for the menstruating women, they were to stay away from the Musalla and participate in the Muslims supplications.” One of them said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! What if she does not have a Jilbab? He said: ‘Then let her sis lend her a Jilbab.’”
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 539)
2) CONDITIONS OF WOMEN GOING TO MOSQUE(MASJID). :-
WE HAVE EXPLAINED IN DETAILED REGARDING CONDITIONS OF WOMEN GOING TO MOSQUE(MASJID) IN ARTICLE “WOMEN GOING TO MASJID” POINT NUM 3.
3) IT IS BETTER FOR WOMEN TO GO OUT TO THE EID PRAYERS OR TO STAY AT HOME? :-
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen was asked: what is better for a woman, to come out to the Eid prayer or to stay at home?
He replied: It is better for them to go out to Eid prayer, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined that the women go out to the Eid prayer, even the adolescent girls and virgins – i.e., women who do not ordinarily go out. He commanded them to go out, and he told the menstruating women to go out but to keep away from the prayer-place. So menstruating women should go out with other women for Eid, but they should not enter the place where the Eid prayer is offered, because the Eid prayer-place is a mosque and it is not permissible for a menstruating woman to stay there, but it is permissible for her to pass through or to take something she needs from it, without staying there. Based on this we say: women are commanded to go out to the Eid prayer and join the men in this prayer, because of the goodness, dhikr and du’aa’ they may experience there.