It is narrated by Anas bin Malik. He said: When the mother of ‘Ali bin Abu Talib — Fatimah bint Asad bin Hashim — died, Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) called on her and sat down by the head of the bed and said, “O dear mother, may Allah have mercy on you. After my mother, you were the one I regarded as my mother. When I was hungry you fed me to the point of saturation while you yourself remained hungry. Then you helped me put on clothes and instead of eating yourself, you gave me nice things to eat. You did all this for Allah’s pleasure and for a good reward in the Hereafter.” Then he (the Prophet) commanded to bathe her three times. When camphor water was brought, Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) poured some water into his hands. Then Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) took off his shirt and clothed her with it and used his own sheet of cloth as her coffin.Then Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) sent for Usamah bin Zayd, Abu Ayyub al-Ansari and ‘Umar bin al-Khattab and the negro slave to dig up the grave. So they dug her grave. When they reached near the lahd, Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) dug it up and drew the soil out with his own hands. When he finished, Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) entered and lay down in (the grave), and said, “It is Allah Who controls life and death, and He is Ever living and will never die. (O Allah,) forgive my mother—Fatimah bint Asad— and help her answer properly at the time of questioning and through the mediation of Your Prophet (Muhammad) and the former prophets, make her grave capacious.Surely You are infinitely Merciful.” Then he repeated, “God is Great” four times (i.e. led the funeral prayer). Then he, ‘Abbas and Abu Bakr as-Siddiq lowered her into the grave.
(TABARANI MUJ’AM AL-AUSAT VOLUME 01 PAGE NUMBER 67-68 HADITH 189)
DEFECTS IN CHAIN :-
1. THIS NARRATION IS MUNQATI (DISCONTINUE).
2. RAWH IBNE SALLAH IS ALONE NARRATING IT.
3. RAWH IBNE SALLAH IS WEAK.
4. THIS HADEET IS WEAK AS SCHOLARS OF HADEET SAY,IT IT NOT AUTHENTIC EVEN ACCORDING TO IBNE HIBBAN AND HAKIM.
1. THIS NARRATION IS MUNQATI(DISCONTINUE)
HAFIZ MUBASHAR HUSSAIN LAHORI SAID :-
Sufiyan Thawri Died in 161 h and Rawh bin Sallah died in 233 h and there is gap of 74 years in between them…. That’s why this is powerful point that Rawh bin Sallah never heard from Sufiyan Thawri… Ibn Hibban said regarding the narrator (Rawh bin Sallah) Rawh bin Sallah al-Misree narrates from the people of Egypt, Kitab al Thiqqat vol 8 page 244 and Sufiyan Thawri is Kufi, so it is not proven that Rawh bin Sallah wen to egypt, and Imam Al Mizzi did not mentioned him (Rawh bin Sallah) in students of Sufiyan Thawri.
(TAWASSUL WAS IST’IANAH PART 2 REPLY TO HADITH NO 6)
RAWH BIN SALLAH IS ALONE NARRATING THIS HADITH :-
TABRANI SAID AFTER QUOTING THIS HADITH :-
No one narrate this hadeeth from Asim Al ahol except Sufiyan Thawri and Rawh bin Sallah is alone in Narrating this
(AL AWSAT VOLUME 1 PAGE 68 NUMBER 189)
ABU NUYEEM SAID AFTER QUOTING THIS HADEETH :-
Both says that Rawh bin sallah is alone in narrating this. So according to those who are making this evidence, They say for creed their should be Mutwatir hadith but not Khabar al wahid so even according to them this is not hujjah.
(HILYA TUL AULIYAH VOLUME 3 PAGE 121)
RAWH BIN SALLAH IS WEAK (DAEEF) :-
HAYTHAMI SAID :-
“Chain contains Rawh ibn Sallàh whom Ibn Hibbàn and al-Hàkim declared trustworthy although there is weakness in him, and the rest of its sub-narrators are the men of sound hadïth.
(MAJMA AZ ZAWAID VOLUME 9 PAGE 257)
IBNE ADI SAID :-
There are rejected Narrations in his some ahadeeth
(AL KAMIL IBNE ADI VOLUME 6 PAGE 146)
AD DARUQTUNI SAID :-
He was weak in hadith
(LEESAN AL MEEZAN VOLUME 2 PAGE 465 ,AL MU’TALIF WAL-MUKHTALIF 3/1377)
IBN AL-JAWZI SAID :-
Rawh bin Sallah is Alone in Narrating this ..Ibne Adi weakened him.
(AL-MUTANAHIYA PAGE 269)
HAFIZ AD DAHABEE SAID :-
Hafiz Dahabee said regarding this same hadeeth in Talkhees of the book of Ibn e Jozi Al Ilal al Mutanahiya The hadith of death of Fatimah bin Asad the Mother of Ali In it Rawh bin Sallah is severely weak (who narrates) From Thawri From Asim From Anas ra
(TALKHEES AL LLAL PAGE 91 NO.218)
FURTHER HAFIZ AD DAHABEE SAID :-
There are his Munkar Narrations
(TAREEKH AL ISLAM 17/160)
IBN MAKULA SAID :-
They (muhadditheen) weakened him in hadeeth
IBNE YOONAS SAID :-
Rejected narrations are narrated from him
(SHAYKH AL-BANI SILSILAH AL DAEEFAH NO.23)
(IBNE HAJAR ASQALANI IN LEESAN AL MEEZAN 3/110)
ABU BAKKAR HAFIZ AL BAGHDADU (296 H) SAID :-
It is our ittefaaq that we will not write ahadeeth of three people, A) Ali bin hasan al Sami, B) Rawh bin Sallah and C) Abdul Mun`im bin basheer from the people of Egypt.
(SAWALAAT AL BURQANI AS SAGHEER NO 20)
HAFIDH SHAWKANI SAID :-
Hadeeth of Fatimah bint Asad is weak In it Rawh bin Sallah Al misree is weak
(AL-DURR AL NAZEED FE IKHILAAS KALIMA TUL TAWHEED PAGE 64 )
CLAIM THAT ACCORDING TO IBNE HIBBAN & IMAM HAKIM THIS HADEET IS AUTHENTIC:-
Sufis rely on Ibne Hibban and Hakim that according to Ibne Hibban and Hakim Rawh bin Sallah is trustworthy.
Note that Ibne Hibban and Hakim are Mutasahil as said by Muhadditheen 2ndly even if these people are so rigid then see the Hukam of Ibne Hibban on Sufiyan Thawri and Rawh bin Sallah (Narrators of this hadeeth)
IBNE HIBBAN SAID REGARDING RAWH BIN SALLAH :-
Rawh bin Sallah who is from the people of Egypt, Narrated from Yahya bin Ayoob and from the people of his city (Egypt)
(KITAB AL THIQQAT VOLUME 8 PAGE 244)
Ibne Hibban said “he narrates from the people of his city and Yahya bin Ayoob” but here we can see he is narrating from Sufiyan Thawri who was Kufi not Egyptian, so even according to Ibne Hibban hadeeth is weak.
SUFIYAN THAWRI IS MUDALLIS :-
IBNE HIBBAN SAID REGARDING SUFIYAN THAWRI :-
Those Mudallis narrators who are reliable Adil but we take only those narrations from them in which they do tasreeh of sama like Sufiyyan thawri, Amash and Abu ishaq.(end)
So even according to Ibne Hibban hadeeth is not Authentic because here Sufiyan thawri is narrating from (An) and Mudallis is not Hujjah in his tadlees.
HAKIM NESHAPOORI SAID REGARDING SUFIYAN THAWRI :-
He(Sufiyan) did tadlees from majhooleen.
(MUARIFAT AL ULOOM AL HADITH PAGE 105 )
Sufyan Ath-Thawri besides being a Trustworthy, Memorizer of Hadith, and Pious, He was also a Mudallis.
(TAQREEB AT-TAHDHEEB 2445 )
ABU BAKR AL-SEERFI SAID KITAAB AL-DALAAIL :-
Every narrator whose Tadlees gets proven from Da’eef narrators, then his narrations will not be accepted until he says: “Haddathani, or Sami’tu”. Meaning when he affirms his hearing only then his narration will be accepted.
(AL-NAKT BY AL-ZARKASHI PAGE 184 )
SALAAH UD-DEEN AL-ALAAI SAID :-
“Sufyan ath-Thawri used to do Tadlees with those Majhul people who were not known”
(JAAMI AL-TAHSEEL FI AHKAAM AL-MARASEEL PAGE 99)
HAFIDH IBN RAJAB SAID :-
Sufyaan ath-Thawri and others used to do tadlees even with those whom they never heard.
(SHARL ILLAL AL TIRMIDHI 358/1)
QASTALANI SAID :-
Sufyan ath-Thawri is a Mudallis, and the “An-ana” of Mudallis is not acceptable, unless if its affirmation gets proven.
(IRSHAD AL-SAARI SHARH SAHIH BUKHARI PAGE 286).
ABOVE HADEET IS DAEEF (WEAK).