Then Adam received from his Lord Words. And his Lord pardoned him (accepted his repentance). Verily, He is the One Who forgives (accepts repentance), the Most Merciful”
(SURAH BAQARAH 2 VERSE 37)
Now here Sufis say the words were Adam peace be upon him sought tawassul through Prophet peace be upon him and they quote the fabricated hadith. On the other hand when shia tried to prove their fabricated stance from this verse that is Adam a.s sought tawassul through Prophet peace be upon him, Ali ra, Fatima ra, Hasan ra and Hussain ra and they use this fabricated hadith below.
JALAL UD-DIN SUYUTI SAID :-
Ibn al Najjar narrates that Ibn Abbas asked Prophet peace be upon him in connection with the above matter, and Prophet peace be upon him stated, Adam asked Allah “Through Muhammad, ‘Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Husayn, please accept my repentance. Allah (swt) then accepted his repentance”.
(TAFSEER DURRE MANTHUR UNDER THE VERSE 2 VERSE 37,SHIAS SAY AS-SUYUTI REMAINED SILENT WHICH IS THE INDICATION THAT HE ACCEPTED THIS HADITH )
SOURCE OF TAFSIR :-
Leave a side chain of the narration it is fabricated like the hadith of Adam peace be upon him doing tawassul of Prophet peace be upon him. Plus the text is forged because the status of Adam peace be upon him is better than Companions of Prophet peace be upon him. How can he make tawassul with their name? secondly they were not even existing at that time.
Now what is the authentic stance on this issue? It is mentioned in Qur’an itself plus this is the opinion of Tabiyeen.
IBN KHATIR SAID :-
It was reported that the above Ayah is explained by Allah’s statement(They said”Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers.(7:23)as Mujahid, Sa’id bin Jubayr, Abu Al-‘Aliyah, Ar-Rabi’ bin Anas, Al-Hasan,Qatada,Muhammad bin Ka’b Al-Qurazi, Khaلlid bin Ma’dan,’Ata’ Al-Khurasani and ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam stated
ABU HIYAN ANDALUSI QUOTED MANY OPINION BUT MAJORITY SAYS :-
Ibn Abbas, Al-Hasan, Ibn Jubair, Mujahid, Ibn Ka`ab, Ata al-Khurasani, Zahhaq, Obaid bin Omair, Ibn Zaid said these are the words “”Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers.(7:23)
He also said It is said by (a Group) that Adam (a.s) saw written on the Shin of Throne: Muhammad is the Mesenger of Allah and he Adam (a.s) “SOUGHT INTERCESSION THROUGH IT” and “THESE ARE THE words”
(TASIR 2 VERSE 37)
Same is said by Qurtubee in his tafsir under same verse with the mode of Doubt (seegha at-tamreedh) which is used for weak and fabricated narrations no one said that the Companions had this opinion that Adam peace be upon him sought tawassul through Prophet peace be upon him. The opinion of the Companions and Tabiyeen is what i mentioned above. I believe this short reply is enough to refute their claim because when Qur’an and Tabiyeen say something else then how can we believe with fabricated narrations of shias and sufis claim?
There are two routs but they cleverly showed third rout of Ibn Abbas ra (as it is in their website http://www.ahlus-sunna.com in the article of Tawassul)
1. FROM OMAR R.A
2. FROM IBNE ABBAS R.A
3. FROM MAYSARA R.A
1. FROM OMAR R.A :-
Narrated `Umar: The Prophet said: “When Adam committed his mistake he said: O my Lord, I am asking you to forgive me for the sake of Muhammad. Allah said: O Adam, and how do you know about Muhammad whom I have not yet created? Adam replied, O my Lord, after You created me with your hand and breathed into me of Your Spirit, I raised my head and saw written on the heights of the Throne: “LA ILAHA ILLALLAH MUHAMMADUR RASULULLAH” I understood that You would not place next to Your Name but the Most Beloved One of Your creation. Allah said: O Adam, I have forgiven you, and were it not for Muhammad I would not have created you”
(AL-HAAKIM SAID THIS HAS AN AUTHENTIC CHAIN AND IT IS THE FIRST HADITH OF ABDUR RAHMAN IBN ZAYB IBN ASLAM WHICH I MENTION IN THIS BOOK AL-MUSTADRAK ALA SAHIHAYN 2/651 HADIT NO.4228)
1) DEFECTS IN THE CONTENT (MATAN) OF HADEET.
2) ABDUL RAHMAN BIN ZAID BIN ASLAM IS SEVERELY WEAK.
3) ABDULLAH BIN ASLAM AL FAHIREE IS MAJHOOL (NOT KNOWN).
1) DEFECTS IN THE CONTENT (MATAN) OF HADEET.
DEFECTS IN THE TEXT :-
The hadith itself says “O Adam, and how do you know about Muhammad whom I have not yet created?” But the brailwi clan also quotes the fabricated hadith that The first thing which Allah created was Noor of Prophet peace be upon him. If they accept the hadith of Adam making tawassul than their whole aqeedah of Literal Noor of Prophet is false, if they accept the hadith of Noor then the hadith of Adam aleh salam is false. Sufis have their choice, but the authentic stance is with Quran and Sunnah mentioned above and both of the hadith are not the words of Rasool Allah peace be upon him.
2) ABDUL RAHMAN BIN ZAID BIN ASLAM IS SEVERELY WEAK :-
AD-DAHABI SAID :-
“Rather it is fabricated and ‘Abdur-Rahmaan is severely weak, and as for ‘Abdullaah ibn Aslam al-Fihree, then I do not know who he is.”
(TALKHEES AL MUSTADRAK CRITICIZING THE WORDS OF AL-HAAKIM)
NOTE :- SOME OF THE EXTREME SUFIS IN THEIR IGNORANCE SAID HAFIZ AD-DAHABI EXCEPTED THIS HADITH ,AND THEY QUOTE AZ-ZARQANI SAID.
IN THIS REGARD (I.E REGARDING DALAIL AN NABUWA FROM IMAM AL-BAIHAQI) HAFIZ AD-DAHABI SAID WHATEVER IS IN IT IS TOTAL GUIDANCE AND LIGHT.
(SHARH ALA MUWAHIB 1/120)
This is like jews, taking one verdicts and leaving other verdicts, Its like i say the people of Pakistan are nice, but i take a specific person i.e Amir that he is a liar. Now these are not contradicting statements, same is the case with dahabi, he himself is praising dalail al nabuwwah as a whole but he is criticising specific narration.
IMAM AL-HAAKIM HIMSELF SAID IN SAME AL-MUSTADRAK REGARDING SAME CHAIN THAT IS .
SHAYKHAAN (BUKHARI & MUSLIM) (MAY ALLAH SWT HAVE MERCY UPON THEM DID NOT TAKE EVIDENCE FROM ABDUR RAHMAN BIN ZAID BIN ASLAM.
(AL-MUSTADRAK,KITAN MUARIFAT,HADITH NO 5479)
IMAM HAAKIM ALSO SAID :-
Abdul Rahman Bin Zain Bin Aslam narrated fabricated Ahadeeth from his Father
(AL-MUDAKHAL VOLUME 1 PAGE 154)
This hadeeth is narrated from his father. So According to Hakim this hadeeth is not authentic.
LASTLY IMAM AL-HAAKIM HIMSELF AUTHENTICATED ANOTHER WORDS WHICH ARE FROM IBN ABBAS R.A AND THEY ARE CONTRADICTING FABRICATED HADITH OF TAWASSUL.
Ibn Abbas ra said
Then Adam received from his Lord Words.Adam said, ‘O Lord! Did You not created me with Your Own Hands’ He said, ‘Yes.’ He (Adam) said, ‘And blow life into me’ He(Allah)said, ‘Yes.’ He (Adam) said, ‘And when I sneezed, You said, ‘May Allah grant you His mercy.’ Does not Your mercy precede Your anger’ He was told, ‘Yes.’ Adam said, ‘And You destined me to commit this evil act’ He was told, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘If I repent, will You send me back to Paradise’ Allah said, ‘Yes.
(AUTHENTICATED BY AL-HAAKIM IN AL MUSTADRAK 3/545)
(AD-DAHABI AGREED WITH HIM )
(IBN JAREER TABRI & IBN KHATIR IN THEIR COMMENTARY OF AL-QURAN 2 VERSE 37)
IBN KHATIR SAID :-
”Similar is reported from Al-‘Awfi, Sa’id bin Jubayr, Sa’id bin Ma’bad, and Ibn ‘Abbas. Al-Hakim recorded this Hadith in his Mustadrak from Ibn Jubayr, who narrated it from Ibn ‘Abbas. Al-Hakim said, “Its chain is Sahih and they (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) did not record it.”
Alhumdulillah it is cleared that even Hakim never said 2:37 means Adam peace be upon him sought tawassul, in fact he agreed with what Ibn Abbas ra said, Dahabee also agreed with him plus Ibn Katheer also accepted this narration and endorsed the words of Al-Hakim.
AL-BAIHAQI AFTER MENTIONING THIS HADEET IN DALAIL AL NABUWA :-
Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Zayd ibn Aslam is the only one who narrated it with this isnaad, and he is weak.
Some of the sufis say Behaqi accepted this narration to be authentic because he said .My procedure is that I rely only on “SAHIH REPORTS” from all the books on Usool and Faroh and I have “REJECTED THOSE WHICH ARE NOT SAHIH” and my way is to “Distinguish sahih from non-Sahih” so anyone from Ahlus Sunnah who has sight over reports can “TRUST THEM” and one from Ahlul Bidah who has disease in his heart will consider such reports as “LOW GRADED” which have been accepted by Ahlus Sunnah.
(DALAIL AN NABUWA 1/47)
IMAM BAIHAQI himself said and I have “REJECTED THOSE WHICH ARE NOT SAHIH” and my way is to “Distinguish sahih from non-Sahih” and we know that Bayhaqi himself rejected the narration of Adam peace be upon him by saying “‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Zayd ibn Aslam is the only one who narrated it with this isnaad, and he is weak” Even if Bayhaqi rah did not show his Jarha on the narration, Student of knowledge must always see the chain of narrators because apart from Bukhari and Muslim no other book is fully authentic, and some scholars even criticised very few narrations of Bukhari and Muslim May Allah guide these sufis ameen.
IBNE KHATIR :-
Endorsed verdicts of Al Byhaqi in al-Bidaayah wa’l-Nihayyah, 2/323 and he did not quote authentication of Hakim because he knew Hakim himself said Abdul Rahman narrated fabrications from his father.
Hafiz Ibn Katheer supported the stance of Ahlus Sunnah in his Tafsir of Qur`an as quoted above, he clearly quoted tabiyeen who said these were the words Adam a.s spoke “”Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers”
HAFIZ NOOR UD-DIN HAYTHAMEE SAID :-
“It was narrated by al-Tabarani in al-Awsat and it contains one whom I do not know.
(MAJMA AZ-ZAWAID 8/253)
SHAYKH UL-ISLAM IBN TAYMIYAH SAID :-
Al-Haakim’s narration of this hadeeth is something for which he was denounced, and he himself said in his book al-Madkhil ila Ma’rifat al-Saheeh ‘an al-Saqeem:’Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Zayd ibn Aslam narrated fabricated ahaadeeth from his father, and it is obvious to any competent hadeeth scholar that he is the one to blame for fabricating ahaadeeth. I say: ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Zayd ibn Aslam is da’eef (weak) because he made a lot of mistakes.(end)
(AL-QAAIDAH AL-JALEELAL FI TAWASSUL WAL-WASEELA PAGE 69)
HAFIZ JALAL UDDIN SUYUTI SAID : –
This hadith is in Behaqi, At-Tabrani the hadith of Umar with weak chain
(MANAHIL US-SAFA FE TAKHREEJ HADITH AS-SHIFA PAGE N0 94 NO 381 DAR AL JANAN)
Some of the sufis say Jalal ud din Suyuti declared this hadith to be authentic which is blatant lie because In Tafsir Jalalayn they supported stance of Ahlus sunnah
Tafsir Jalalyan under 2:37
Thereafter Adam received certain words from his Lord, with which He inspired him (a variant reading [of Ādamu] has accusative Ādama and nominative kalimātu), meaning they [the words] came to him, and these were [those of] the verse Lord, we have wronged ourselves [Q. 7:23], with which he supplicated, and He relented to him, that is, He accepted his repentance; truly He is the Relenting, to His servants, the Merciful, to them.(end quote)
Even if these people do not want to agree then let me quote Jalal ud Din Suyuti who clearly went against these extreme sufis as far as tawassul and istegatha is concerned.
Jalal ud din suyuti clearly said in his work : Under the Chapter (Veneration of those places which are not applicable for veneration).
First he replied those who say that our prayers are accepted at these places or graves or shrines etc He replied by saying.
Kuffar pray in front of Idols and with the Wasilah of Idols and their prayers are Accepted ,then Rain comes to them, Help comes to them , Afiyah comes to them as Allah says (in Bani Israeel:20) On each these as well as those We bestow from the bounties of your Lord. And the bounties of your Lord can never be forbidden
(PAGE 123 WITH THE TEHQEEQ OF SHAYKH MASHOOR BIN HASAN AL SALMAN PUBLISHED BY DAR IBNE QAYMA NASHRA WAT-TAWAZA 1-1410 -1990)
FURTHER HE SAID :-
For Verily visiting the graves with the intention that our prayers will be accepted is not allowed and it is closer to Haram. Sahaba faced so many difficulties after the death of Prophet (peace be upon him) drought came to them,…….. so Why didn’t they come to the grave of Prophet of Allah? Why they didn’t request him (peace be upon him) for rain? Why they didn’t call at his grave? Prophet (SAW) is the highest of the creation in the sight of Allah. In fact at the time of drought OMAR Ra went to Eid GAH with Abbas RA and asked him to pray for rain(prayer of istesqa see Sahih bukhari for detailed athar). They never prayed near grave of Prophet (peace be upon him). O Muslim If You are follower of Allah like your Salaf as Saleh were so follow them, do Research of Correct Tauheed, Do not Worship other then Allah, Do not Make Partners of Allah. As Allah Commanded (Therefore worship Me.) and Allah says (So whoever hopes for the meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.”) (end)
(PAGE 139 WITH THE TEHQEEQ OF SHAYKH MASHOOR BIN HASAN AL SALMAN PUBLISHED BY DAR IBNE QAYMA NASHRA WAT-TAWAZA 1-1410 -1990)
AZ-ZARQANI SAID :-
“Abdur Rahman is alone in narrating this, meaning he is not followed by anyone, so it is Ghareeb with the weakness of its narrator.
(SHARH OF MUWAHIB)
SCAN : –
HAFIDH IBNE HAJAR ASQALANI SAID :-
Abdullah bin Muslim abu-Al Harith al-Faheree narrated from Ismaeel bin Muslama bin Qa`nib from Abdul Rahman bin Zaid bin Aslam A baseless and futile narration.in which (Allah says) “O Adam and were it not for Muhammad I would not have created you” Narrated by al-Behaqi in Dalail an-Nabuwwah I say:“And I do not think it to be unlikely that he is one and the same person as the one just quoted since he is of the same level and time.”
(LISAN AL-MEEZAN VOLUME 5 PAGE 12 NO 4462)
Muhadditheen always make their rulings by watching all the routs of hadith, If it was not fabricated Ibn Hajar would never say the hadith is Baseless.
ALI BIN MUHAMMAD BIN IRAQ AL-KINANI SAID :-
Abdullah bin Muslim abu-Al Harith al-Faheree narrated from Ismaeel bin Muslama bin Qa’nib from Abdul Rahman bin Zaid bin Aslam A baseless and futile narration
(TANZIH US SHARIAH AL-MARFOOA AN HADEETH SHIA AL MAWDOO VOLUME 1 PAGE 76)
ABU NUYEEM SAID :-
His hadeeth from his father is Nothing
(IBNE ABDUL HADI IN SARIM AL MANKI FERADD AL-SUBKI PAGE 50)
IMAM NASEEI SAID :-
Weak Madni (Daeef Madni)
(AL-DUAFA WAL MATROOKEN PAGE 66)
IBNE HIBBAN SAID :-
‘He used to mix up the narrations and not be aware, to the point that he did it frequently. He would connect things which were mursal and quote sayings as being those of the Prophet which were mawqoof (stopped at the level of the Companion), so he deserved to be abandoned.
(MAJROHEEN VOLUME 2 PAGE 57)
IMAM TIRMIDHEE SAID :-
Abdul Rahman bin Zaid bin Aslam weak in Hadith, He is weak according to Ahmad bin Humble and Ali bin Mudeeni and others from Ahlul Hadeeth
(SUNAN TIRMIDEE KITAB AL-ZAKAAH HADITH NO.632)
IBNE ABDUL HADI SAID :-
He is weak, he is not evidence among People of hadeeth,then he quoted jarah from Muhadditheen that he is fabricator of hadeeth and his ahadeeth from his father are fabricated. (this hadeeth of Adam AS is also from his father)
(SARIM AL MANKI PAGE 50)
IBNE JAWZI SAID :-
He narrated from his father, He is weakened by Ahmad, Ali, Abu Dawood, Abu Zurah, Abu Hatim Al Razi, Nisaee and Darqutni, Ibne Hibban said ‘He used to mix up the narrations and not be aware, to the point that he did it frequently. He would connect things which were mursal and quote sayings as being those of the Prophet which were mawqoof (stopped at the level of the Companion), so he deserved to be abandoned.
(DHUFA WAL MATROOKEEN VOLUME 2 PAGE 95 NO 1871)
Some people say that Ibn al-Jawzi considers it to be sound (sahih) as he cites it in the first chapter of al-Wafa bi ahwal al-mustafa, in the introduction of which he says: “(In this book) I do not mix the sound hadith with the false.
IBNE JAWZI never said i will not include weak hadith, He himself mentioned Abdul Rahman in his weak and rejected Narrators Plus he wrote whole Tafsir of Qur`an let us see what he says in that, In the tafsir of the verse “”Then Adam received from his Lord Words. And his Lord pardoned him (accepted his repentance). Verily, He is the One Who forgives (accepts repentance), the Most Merciful”[al-Baqarah 2:37]
He quoted few sayings first one is
First is the saying of Allah “Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers.”(7:23) this is said by Ibn Abbas, Al-Hasan,Saeed bin Jubair, Mujahid, Ata Khurasani, Obaid bin Umair, Ubi bin Ka`ab and Ibn Zayd.(end quote)
SOURCE OF TAFSIR :-
Then he quoted two other sayings, he did not even quoted the hadith of Adam peace be upon him. If he considered the hadith to be authentic he must have included in his tafsir of this verse. Because according to sufis this hadith in discussion is tafsir of this verse. Plus Ibn al-Jawzi was staunch against Asking help from dead .
Above were the clear verdicts of scholars who fabricated and weakened the hadith and there are others like Shahab Khafaji Hanafi and Mullah Ali Qari who said it is weak.
3) ABDULLAH BIN ASLAM AL FAHIREE IS MAJHOOL (NOT KNOWN) :-
AD-DAHABI SAID :-
Abdullah bin Muslim abu-Al Harith al-Faheree narrated from Ismaeel bin Muslama bin Qa’nib from Abdul Rahman bin Zaid bin Aslam A baseless and futile narration.in which (Allah says) “O Adam and were it not for Muhammad I would not have created you” Narrated by al-Behaqi in Dalail an-Nabuwwah
(MEEZAN AL AITEDA VOLUME 2 PAGE 199)
Some of the sufis say Imam Qadhi Iyaad (rah) narrated it under Chapter No. 3 of his magnificent and world renowned book on Seerah i.e. Ash-Shifa where he said:
Chapter-3 In which i will quote “SAHIH AND FAMOUS” narrations
Qadhi Ayadh never said i will narrate all the sahih ahadith rather he said “Sahih and famous narrations” Famous can be weak, can be fabricated.That is why as-Suyuti said the chain is weak in the Takhreej of the book by Qadhi Iyadh as-Shifa page no: 94 Dar al Janan For example same chapter Fasal no: one of as-Shifa says
“Jafar bin Muhammad narrated from his father that on the day of judgment it will be said stand up if there is someone with the name of Muhammad and enter in the Jannah with the Barakah of the name”
Prophet peace be upon him said If there are 1 or 2 or 3 persons with the name of Muhammad in the house they have no fear
(AS-SHIFA 3 FASAL ONE PAGE 156-157)
Now i ask them to accept this hadeeth to be authentic, if this is authentic then i tell you, there are so many people with the name of Muhammad but they are corrupt, surely above hadith is fabrication but it was famous and Qadhi ayadh mentioned in it.
IMAM DAHABI SAID REGARDING QADHI AYADH :-
“His writings are valuable and one of his best works would have been his book al-Shifâ’ had it not been filled with fabricated ahadîth.”
(SIYAR UL ULUM AN NABULA BIOGRAPHICAL ENTRY ON AL-QADI IYAD VOLUME 20 PAGE 216)
No where Qadhi Ayadh is saying This hadith is authentic i challenge if all the hadith in this chapter are authentic then prove all the hadith in this chapter to be authentic and show me where Qadhi said hadith is authentic?
2. FROM IBNE ABBAS R.A :-
Ibn Abbas (ra) narrates that Allah inspired Isa (a.s) saying O Isa, believe in Muhammad (salallaho alaihi wasalam), and whosoever form your Ummah finds him should believe in him, If I had not created Muhammad (salallaho alaihi wasalam) then I would not have created Adam, If not for him I would not have created the paradise and hell, When I made the throne on Water, it started to shake, I wrote La Ilaha Il Allah Muhammad ur Rasul Ullah, due to which it became still
(IMAM HAKIM IN MUSTADRAK AL SAHIHAYN VOLUME 2 PAGE 609 HADITH NO.4227)
I am surprised how can they use this hadith in evidence to proof of tawassul? as it is mentioned in ahlus-sunna website in tawassul article. There is nothing like tawassul in this narration, secondly this hadith is also fabricated
1) QATADAH IS MUDALLIS & NARRATIG FROM (AN).
2) AMR BIN AWS AL ANSAREE IS UNKNOWN.
3) SCHOLAR VIEW REGARDING ABOVE ATHAR.
1) QATADAH IS MUDALLIS & NARRATIG FROM (AN).
IBNE HAJAT ASQALNAI SAID :-
QATADAH IS MUDALLIS
(TABQAT UL MUDALLISEEN 3/92)
IMAM HAKIM HIMSELF SAID :-
QATADAH IS MUDALLIS
(MUSTADRAK AL HAKIM VOLUME 1 PAGE 233 NO 816)
(MUARIFAT AL ALOOM AL HADEET PAGE NO 103)
Imam Hakim never Authenticated hadeeth but he said chain is authentic (which is his tasahul), when Hakim himself said Qatadah is mudallis and in Narration Qatadah is narrating from the mode (AN) how can he authenticat hadeeth??
2) AMR BIN AWS AL ANSAREE IS UNKNOWN :-
ZARQANI SAID :-
Sahaha Al-Hakim, Subki agreed with him in Shifa as-Siqam and Bulqini in his Fatawa.. Dahabee said in this chain Amar bin aws I don’t know who is he.
(SHARH OF MAWAHIB VOLUME 1 PAGE 86)
HAFIZ AD-DAHABI SAID :-
He is Unknown, and after that Dahabee mentioned same narration from the book Al Mustadrak and said it is fabricated.
(MEEZAN AL AITEDAAL NO 6330)
HAFIZ IBNE HAJAR ASQALANI :-
Agreed with Imam Ad Dahabee.
(LISAN AL MEEZAN NO.5778)
SHAYKH ALBANI SAID :-
There is no basis for it.
(SILSILAH HADEET AL DAEEFA NO 280)
3) SCHOLAR VIEW REGARDING ABOVE ATHAR :-
SHAYKH AL-ISLAM IBNE TAYMIYAH WAS ASKED :-
Is the hadeeth which some people quote – “Were it not for you, Allaah would not have created the Throne or the Kursiy or the earth or the heavens or the sun or the moon or anything else” saheeh or nor?
Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is the leader of the sons of Adam, and the best and noblest of creation, hence some people say that Allaah created the universe because of him, or that were it not for him, Allaah would not have created the Throne or the Kursiy or the earth or the heavens or the sun or the moon.
But this hadeeth that is narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is neither saheeh (sound) nor da’eef (weak), and it was not narrated by any scholar in a hadeeth from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Neither was it known from the Sahaabah. Rather it is the words of one who is unknown but it may be explained from a correct aspect…
(MAJMOO AL-FATAAWA 11/86-96)
IT IS MENTIONED IN FATWA TATARKHANIYA (HANAFI FATWA BOOK)
It is mentioned in Jawahir al-Fatawa: Is it allowed to say “If Allah had not created Muhammad (salallaho alaihi wasalam) then Allah would not have created Adam”?
The answer: This is the thing mentioned by orators on Minbar. There meaning is veneration of Prophet peace be upon him. It is better to keep away from the (speech) like this because the status and rank of Prophet peace be upon him in the court of Allah is very high but every Prophet has high status and rank (in the court of Allah). And (each Prophet) had some speciality which the other had not, so each Prophet has a place
(FATAWA TATARKHANIYA 5/485)
(IBN NUJAYM IN AL BAHAR RAYEEQ 5/131)
3. FROM MAYSARA R.A :-
Narrated by Maysara (ra), I asked: “O Messenger of Allah, when were you [first] a Prophet?” He replied: “When Allah created the earth ‘Then turned He to the heaven, and fashioned it as seven heavens’(2:29), and created the Throne, He wrote on the leg of the Throne: “Muhammad the Messenger of Allah is the Seal of Prophets” (Muhammadun Rasûlullâhi Khâtamu al-Anbiyâ’). Then Allah created the Garden in which He made Adam and Hawwa’ dwell, and He wrote my name on the gates, its tree-leaves, its domes and tents, at a time when Adam was still between the spirit and the body. When Allah Most High instilled life into him he looked at the Throne and saw my name, whereupon Allah informed him that ‘He [Muhammad SAWS] is the liege-lord of all your descendants.’ When Satan deceived them both, they repented and sought intercession to Allah with my name.
(IBNE JAWZI AL WAFA BI AHWAAL LIL MUSTAF PAGE 26 PUBLISHED BY DAUL KHUTAB AL ILMIYYAH)
This hadeeth with these words are not in any other book , its not in sunan, not in sahihyen, not in any of the book with the exception of al wafa of Ibn Jawzi.
MUHAMMAD BIN YUSUF AL-SALIHI SAID :-
Hadith from Maysra al-Fajr Narrated by Ibn Jawzi (rah) with good chain, there is nothing wrong in it
(SUBUL AL-HUDA WAL RASSHAD VOLUME NO 1 PAGE NO 86 DARUL KUTB AL ILMIYYAH)
Usool al hadith if chain is authentic that does not mean hadith is also authentic.
AL-HAAFIZ IBN AL-SALAAH SAID :-
When they say “This hadeeth has a saheeh isnaad or a hasan isnaad” instead of “this is a saheeh hadith or a hasan hadith”, that is because it may be said that this hadeeth has a saheeh isnaad but it is not saheeh per se because it is shaadhdh (odd) or mu’allal (faulty).
(MUQADDIMAH FI ULOOM AL-HADEET PAGE 23)
Above hadith is clearly odd (shaz) because in the hadeeth the narrator is Muhammad bin Sanan, Only Muhammad bin Saleh Narrated these odd words from him. Where as these are the authentic words from Maysara
Maysara al Fajr asked from Prophet “when were you a Prophet?” to which he replied, “while Adam was between the spirit and the body”
(SIYAR UL-ULUM AL NABUWA VOLUME 7 PAGE 384)
There are no words of tawassul in all other narrations. These are the narrators who narrated from Muhammad bin Sanan these later words and they opposed Muhammad bin Salih in the words of tawassul. Imam Bukhari, Ahmad bin Ishaq, Ahmad bin Dawood al-Makki, Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Salma al-Anzi, Hafs bin Umar al-Raqi, Muhammad bin Ayyub bin Yahya, Muhammad bin Ghalib bin Tamtaam, Muhammad bin Yunas bin al-Mubarak al hol. All of these narrated from same Muhammad bin Sanan.Plus this hadeeth is oppoing Qur`an as i will prove further So these eight narrators oppose one single narrator plus There are other routsother than Maysara ra of this hadith and they also oppose the hadith of Muhammad bin Salih.
AUTHENTIC HADITH IN TIRMIDHI FROM ABU HURAIRA R.A CLEAR THIS ISSUE :-
Prophet (SAW) was asked, “when was the Prophethood made obligatory for you” to which he replied, “while Adam was between the spirit and the body”
(SUNAN TIRMIDHI HADITH 5758)
Prophet peace be upon him said
“I was written as a Prophet in the presence of Allaah while Adam was intertwined in his clay.”
(MUSNAD AHMAD 4/127,128 SHARAH AS SUNNAH 13/207 IN THE SAHEEHS OF AL-HAAKIM AND IBN HIBBAN)
LET US UNDERSTAND IT WITH IMAM AL-BAIHAQI.
He said what is meant by Prophet Muhammad Peace and blessings be upon Him “I was written [in Umm Al-Kitab] in Allah’s presence as the Seal of the Prophets, while Adam was still kneaded in his clay” is that he was destined and decreed by Allah even before the father of Man and the first of Messenger’s Salawat Allah ‘alaihim.
(DALEIL AN-NABUWAH 1/81)
SHAYKH ABDUL RAHMAN AL-FAQEEH SAID :-
As for him (Al-Ghumari) saying it is Jayid (good): that is not correct, rather it is Shaaz Munkar (Rejected and Strange) with these wordings from the hadith of Maysarah”.
He also said :-
So the point is, Indeed This hadith with these words mentioned from the hadith of Maysara are not authentic in Ibn Jozi, and the text is Odd and is against all the ahadith narrated from Maysara.
The possibility is mentioned by Shaykh Abu Tamiyah
IBN JAWZI :-
Maysara al Fajr asked asked from Prophet “when were you a Prophet?” to which he replied, “while Adam was between the spirit and the body”?Maysara asked from Prophet when were you a Prophet? He replied (and mentioned the previous long hadith i.e He replied: “When Allah created the earth “So, Ibne Jozi (firstly) mentioned the hadith of Maysara with the famous words (i.e where Prophet peace be uponhim replied when adam was between spirit and body) and then he quoted from Maysara other words which are rejected.
(AL-WAFA PAGE 25)
SHAYKH ALBANI SAID :-
What is the most surprising is that Shaykh al-Islam, May Allah bestow His mercy upon him, mentioned the summarized authentic version of this hadeeth, and then he mentioned the lengthy, odd version afterwards.Munkar (then he said)
I quoted from Majmoo’ Fatwa Ibn Taymiyyah what he wrote in the form of a letter to expose the reality of Itihadyya ideology and prove its invalidity. This letter is preserved in al-Kawakib al-Darari (1/103/39) written by Ibn U’rwah al-Hanbali. I relied on this book [i.e. al-Kawakib al-Darari] and used it to correct some mistakes I found in al-Majmo’ and books of Tarajum.
The chain of narrators of this chain are all known and trustworthy except Muhammad bin Salih who I could not recognize while the narrators above him are all listed in the Tahdheeb book. (then he said)
It seems that the defect [of this narration] is because of Muhammad bin Salih who I did not recognize and who al-Khateeb did not even mention as one of the Shuyookh of al-Wazzan. Therefore, I said: ‘This hadeeth is Munkar and even if we assume this narrator to be trustworthy, the narration will still be an odd narration since he is opposed by many other trustworthy narrators who narrated a shorter version of this narration.
What is the most surprising is that Shaykh al-Islam, May Allah bestow His mercy upon him, mentioned the summarized authentic version of this hadeeth, and then he mentioned the lengthy, odd version afterwards.
(SILSILAH DAEEFA VOLUME 14 PAGE 468-470)
So this is clearly against Qur`an and sayings of the salaf of this Ummah, No one ever believed from the first three centuries that Adam peace be upon him sought intercession to Allah with the name of Prophet’s peace be upon him name.”And we challenge those who said hadith is authentic. Show us from single salaf who believed this that Adam A.S made the tawassul through Prophet, Plus show us the direct Hukam of accepted muhaddith who said “This hadith is Authentic” against that we have shown 10 muhadditheen and their direct hukam plus 11th is Hakim himself who never authenticated the hadith as he himself said Abdul Rahman narrated fabricated ahadith from his father.
May Allah guide us all to His chosen path, and may He forgive our great scholars, of the past and present, who erred while attempting to please Him alone.
ABOVE HADEET IS FABRICATED.