NARRATIONS OF ABU AYYUB ANSAREE (R.A)

Dawud ibn Salih said: ” Marwan one day saw a man placing his face on top of the grave of the Prophet. He said: “Do you know what you are doing?” When he came near him, he realized it was Abu Ayyub al-Ansari. The latter said: “Yes; I came to the Prophet, not to a stone.”I heard the Prophet say: “Do not weep on religion if its people assume its leadership (walyahu), but weep on it if other than its people assume it”

(MUSNAD AHMAD 5/466)
(MUSTADRAK HAAKIM VOLUME 4 HADITH 515)
(TABARANI MA’JAM AL AWSAT VOLUME 1 PAGE 94 HADITH 284)
(IMAM HAKIM SAID ISNAAD IS SAHEEH IN MUSTADRAK 4/520,HADITH 8571)

SOURCE OF MUSNAD AHMAD:-

https://islaahh.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/tawasul28.jpg

https://islaahh.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/tawasul22.jpg

https://islaahh.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/tawasul30.jpg

CONTENT :-

1) IF THE CHAIN IS AUTHENTIC THAT DOESNOT MEAN IT CAN BE APPLY TO THE TEXT OF HADEET (USOOL HADEET).

2) KATHEER BIN ZAID IS DISPUTED OVER.

3) DAWUD BIN ABI SALEH IS MAJHUL (UNKNOWN).

4) ODDNESS IN TEXT.

5) ABOVE NARRATION IS AGAINST AUTHENTIC HADITH.

6) CLAIM THAT IMAM AD-DAHABI AUTHENTICATED THIS WEAK ATHAR.

7) FATWAS OF SCHOLAR.

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1) IF THE CHAIN IS AUTHENTIC THAT DOESNOT MEAN IT CAN BE APPLY TO THE TEXT OF HADEET (USOOL HADEET) :-

Hakim did not say this Hadeeth is Saheeh!. but he said Isnaad is saheeh and there is a big difference in these two.

IBNE KHATIR SAID :-

The fact that the chain is deemed to be authentic or hasan does not necessarily mean that the same applies to the text,because it may be shaadhdh (odd) or mu’allal (faulty).

(IKTISAAR ULOOM AL-HADEET PAGE 43)

AL-HAAFIZ IBN AL-SALAAH SAID :-

When they say “This hadeeth has a saheeh isnaad or a hasan isnaad” instead of “this is a saheeh hadeeth or a hasan hadeeth”, that is because it may be said that this hadeeth has a saheeh isnaad but it is not saheeh per se because it is shaadhdh (odd) or mu’allal (faulty).

(MUQADDIMAH FI ULOOM AL-HADEET PAGE 23)

AL-IRAQI SAID :-

The ruling that the isnaad is saheeh or hasan does not necessarily apply to the text.

(AL-TABSIRAH WA’L-TADHKIRAH 1/107)
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

2) KATHEER BIN ZAID IS DISPUTED OVER :-

HAAFIDH HAIYTHAMEE SAID :-

It is narrated by Ahmad and Tabrani in Al Kabeer and in Al Awsat and in it Katheer bin Zaid, Ahmad and others declared him reliable whereas Imaam Nasaa’ee and others have declared him to be weak.

(MAJMAA AZ-ZAWAID 5/243)

IMAM IBN ABE HATIM SAID :-

The manuscript that Abu Bakr ibn Khaithmah wrote with us, in it Yahyaa ibn Ma’een was asked concerning Katheer ibn Zaid to which he replied, “He is not strong.” . “My father was asked concerning Katheer ibn Zaid, he replied,”Righteous, but he is not strong, his hadeeth is written”.. Abu Zur’ah was asked about him and he said, “Truthful but he has weakness.”

(AL-JARH WA-TADEEL 7/150)

IMAM NASEEI SAID :-

Katheer ibn Zaid is weak”

(KITAAB AD-DUAFA WAL-MATROOKEEN 505)

IBNE JAWZI SAID :-

Ibne Jozi Mentioned Katheer bin Zaid In his Kitab Adh Dhuafa wal Matrukeen vol 3 page 22 no: 2786

(KITAB ADH DHUAFA WAL MATRUKEEN VOLUME 23 PAGE 22 NO 2786)

IBNE HIBBAN SAID:-

Ibne Hibban mentioned him in Thiqqat 7/354.

(THIQQAT 7/354)

Moreover there are some who authenticated him including Imam Ahmad and Ibne Adi.

IBNE HAJAR ASQALANI SAID :-

Suduq, make Mistakes.

(AT TARQEEB PAGE 459)

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

3) DAWUD BIN ABI SALEH IS MAJHUL (UNKNOWN) :-

The chain contains Dawood bin abi Saaleh,

AD-DAHABI SAID :-

Dawood bin abi saleh hijazi is Not Known . he narrates from Abu Ayyub al ansari and from him only waleed bin katheer narrates”

(MIZAAN AL-AITEDAAL PAGE 9,NO 2618)

IMAM MANAWI SAID :-

Imam Manawi Quoted this hadeeth in Faydh Al Qadeer and said,Al-Haythami stated, after noting that this narration had been documented by Ahmad and al-Tabarani: ‘In the chain of narrators there is Katheer bin Zayd who was credited by Ahmad and others whereas al-Nasaie and others discredited him. This narration was reported by Sufyan bin Hamazah from Katheer bin Zayd from al-Muttalib bin Abdillah bin Hantab instead of Dawud.’ Al-Dhahabi listed Katheer bin Zayd amongst the weak narrators and said: ‘He was acknowledged as weak by al-Nasaie and Dawud bin abi Salih, Ibn Hibban said: ‘He narrated fabricated narrations.

(FAYDH AL QADEER 6/387)

SHAYKH SHOAIB AL ARANOOT SAID:-

Chain is weak Due to Jahalah of Dawud bin abi Saleh and Katheer bin Zayd who is disputed over .

(TEHQIQ SHOAIB ARANOOT MUSNAD AHMAD VOLUME 38 PAGE 558 NO 23585)

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4) ODDNESS IN TEXT :-

Abu Ayyub Al Ansari ra Died in 50, 51, 52 or 55 h in the era of Muawiyah ra and the narration clearly indicates that the grave of Prophet peace be upon him was is in public and seen by whoever pass by while, but we all know that the grave of the Prophet peace be upon him is actually located in the Hujrah of Aisha Ra so clearly it has some obvious oddness.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________

5) ABOVE NARRATION IS AGAINST AUTHENTIC HADITH :-

Lastly it is against authentic Sayings of Prophet peace be upon him which are as follows:

It is Narrated by Anas (May Allah be Pleased with him) that the Prophet Peace be upon him said “It is not appropriate for a human being to bow to another.”

(MUSNAD AHMAD 3/158)

Narrated Qays ibn Sa’d: I went to al-Hirah and saw them (the people) prostrating themselves before a satrap of theirs, so I said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) has most right to have prostration made before him. When I came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him), I said: I went to al-Hirah and saw them prostrating themselves before a satrap of theirs, but you have most right, Apostle of Allah, to have (people)prostrating themselves before you. He said: Tell me , if you were to pass my grave, would you prostrate yourself before it? I said: No. He then said: Do not do so. .

ABU DAWOOD (Book #11, Hadith #2135)

COMMENT :-

This is clear statement from Sahabi and Prophet Peace be upon him, see the creed of Sahabi that how he said in Response to Prophet’s Question that if you were to pass my grave, would you prostrate yourself before it? and Sahabi Said No. and Prophet peace be upon him himself said Do not Do so, but here we can see in Shrines People Prostrate in front of Grave. (even according to some sufis its Haram but still they try to prove prostration in front of the Grave of Prophet Peace be upon him and Pious Scholars)

It is narrated by Aishah {May Allah have mercy on Her}:The Prophet {Peace be upon Him} was sitting with a group of Muhajirin and Ansar. A camel came walking all the way to the Prophet {Peace be upon Him} and prostrated before him. Upon observing this spectacle, his Companions said: “O Allah’s Messenger {Peace be upon Him}! The animals and trees prostrate before you! And as long as they do it, we are more rightful in doing this to you (i.e. to prostrate before you).” The Prophet {Peace be upon Him} answered: “You must worship your Lord and pay due respect to your brothers.”

(MUSNAD AHMAD)

COMMENT :-

Here how Prophet peace be upon him graded prostration to be worship by replying “You must worship your Lord and pay due respect to your brothers.” we should respect Prophet peace be upon him we should love him more then our life but we can not bow down on his grave.

Narrated Anas ibn Malik

No one was dearer to them (the companions) than Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him), but when they saw him they did not stand up because they knew his dislike of that.

SUNAN TIRMIDHI (HADITH 4698)

COMMENT :-

Prophet muhammed (P.B.U.H) dislike if someone stand for him,then what abt bowing,prostrating on his grave after he died?

Narrated by Abdullh bin Awfi ra that Muadh bin Jabal RA came from Sham and he bowed in front of Prophet Peace be upon him, Prophet Peace be upon him said, What is this Muadh? He replied i went to sham and saw them (the people) prostrating to their Priests and Leaders, and i liked in my heart that we prostrate for you, Prophet Peace Be Upon Him said: Do not do so..

SUNAN IBNE MAJAH (HADEET 1853)
(MUSTADRAK AL-HAAKIM 4/172)

Narrated by Jabir RA
We were travelling with the Prophet (Peace be upon him) when suddenly a camel came near “and prostrated to the Prophet (Peace be upon him)” The Prophet (Peace be upon him) asked: Who is the owner of this camel? At this some youngsters from Ansaar said that it belongs to them. The Prophet asked them: What have you done with it? They replied: We have been putting load (of water) on it since the past 20 years, now when he has become old and gathered excessive mass on itself so we made up our minds to slaughter him and distribute the meat amongst our friends. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) asked: Would you sell it to me? They replied: Ah! It is yours O dear Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam). The Prophet said, keep it but take good care of it until natural death reaches it.The Sahaba asked: O Prophet (Peace be upon him) we are more deserving of prostrating to you than the animals. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) replied: It is not allowed for anyone, ….

SUNAN DARAMI (VOLUME 1,HADITH 17,PAGE 22-23)

Authenticated by Hussain Saleem Asad as he said”Chain is weak due to the weakness of Ismaeel bin Abdul Malik And Hadeeth is saheeh due to Shawahid”

SOURCE :-

http://www.islamicbook.ws/hadeth/snn-aldarmi-001.html

IMAM HAYTHAMEE SAID :-

Haythamee quoted these hadith right after this weak athar of Abu Ayyub al Ansaree in Majma Az Zawaid which are as follows

Chapter Saying Do not turn my grave into an idol.

Narrated by Anas RAThe Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: O Allah, do not turn my grave into an idol. May the curse of Allah be upon those who take the graves of their Prophets as places of worship.” And is narrated by Abu Yala and in it Ishaq bin abi israil and there is kalam on him and remaining Narrators are Trustworthy.

(MUSNAD ABU YALA 5847)

Ali ibn al-Husayn (may Allaah be pleased with him) saw a man entering through a gap at the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and making du’aa’. He told him not to do that and said, “Shall I not tell you a hadeeth that I heard from my father from my grandfather from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)? ‘Do not take my grave as a place of festivity (which you visit repeatedly) and do not take your houses as graves. Send blessings upon me for your greeting will reach me no matter where you are.’”

(MUSNAD ABU YA’LA ,HAAFIZ AL-DIYA IN AL UKHTAARAH)
(SHAYKH UL ISLAM IBNE TAYMIYAH KITAAB AL-WASEELAH PAGE 136,AL-IQTIDAA PAGE 155-156)

Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Do not make your houses graves, and do not make my grave a place of festivity. But invoke blessings on me, for your blessings reach me wherever you may be.

ABU DAWOOD (Book #10, Hadith #2037)

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:
“ O Allah, do not turn my grave into an idol. May the curse of Allah be upon those who take the graves of their Prophets as places of worship.”

MUSNAD AHMAD (HADITH 7352)

Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from Ata ibn Yasar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “O Allah! Do not make my grave an idol that is worshipped. The anger on those who took the graves of their Prophets as places of prostration was terrible.”

MUWATTA MALIK (Book 9, Hadith 88)

Commentries of Muhadditheen on this hadeeth

IMAM AL MADEENAH AL MUNAWWARAH SHAYKH SALAH AL BUDAYR SAID :-

Indeed, having intention of worshipping Allaah at the grave of a Prophet or a saint is a means leading to Shirk. That is why making supplications at the graves – including that of the Prophet saws – is forbidden. Aboo Ya’laa and Ad-Diya Al-Maqdisee reported that ‘Alee Ibn Husayn saw a man who used to enter an opening that is at the Prophet’s grave and make supplications there. He forbade him from doing that and told him.” Let me narrate to you a hadeeth I heard from my father on the authority of my grandfather that the Messenger of Allaah saws said, “Do not turn my grave into a place of festival, nor turn your houses to graves [whereby you do not pray in them]. Invoke blessings on me, for your invocation of peace and blessings on me reaches from wherever you may be.”

SOURCE :-

http://www.islaam.net/main/display.php?id=390&category=23

IMAM MALIK SAID :-

Imam Malik (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked about a stranger who comes to the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) each day. He said, ‘That is not right,’ and quoted the hadith, ‘O Allah, do not make my grave an idol that is worshipped.

(AL-JAMI LIL-BAYAN BY IBN RUSHD CLASSED AS SAHIH BY ALBANI IN TADHIR AL-SAJID MIN ITTIKHADH AL-QUBUR MASAJID PAGE 24-26)

So these are explicit statements from Prophet peace be upon him and this weak athar of Abu Ayyub ra is against them.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________

6) CLAIM THAT IMAM AD-DAHABI AUTHENTICATED THIS WEAK ATHAR :-

Some says Dahabee Authenticated this athar, this is false claim as Dahabee himself said Dawub bin abi Saleh is Not Known that is he is Majhool.

Fatwa of Dahabee is also against This athar that is he said.Don’t you see that the Companions, in the excess of their love for the Prophet, asked him: “Should we not prostrate to you?” and he replied no, and if he had allowed them, they would have prostrated to him as a mark of utter veneration and respect, not as a mark of worship,just as the The prostration done to Yusuf (a.s) by his brothers was not prostration of worship. The prostration of the Muslim to the grave of the Prophet is for the intention of respect and reverence. One is Not doing Kufr because of it whatsoever but he is being disobedient . Let him therefore be informed that this is forbidden. Similarly in the case of one who offers Prayer towards the grave.”

(IMAM DAHABI MU’JAM AL-SHUYUK VOLUME 1 PAGE 55)

NOTE :-

Here Dahabee did not say it is shirk because the person was not seeking help from the grave or the person in Grave.Dahabee ra himself said,Due to ignorance of Egyptians the Creeds found in them is not correct to talk about it, When shirk found in them, they prostate to others (except Allah), and they seek forgiveness from them

(SIYAR UL-ALUM AN NABUWA 10/106)

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________

7) FATWAS OF SCHOLAR :-

SHAYKH ABDUL QADIR JEELANI SAID :-

“When you visit the graves then do not put your hands on them or kiss them as this is the habit of the jews, nor sit on the graves or rest against them..”

(AL-GHUNIYYAH 1/91)

SCAN:-

HANAFI FATWA TAKEN FROM HANAFI SITE :-

http://www.tauheed-sunnat.com/sunnat/content/tawaaf-circumbulate-sujood-prostrating-etc-graves

MULLAH ALI QARI SAID :-

Mullah Ali Qari commenting on the hadith Allah’s curse be on the Yahood and Nasara writes that the Yahood and Nasara fell prey to Allah’s curse either because,

A) Due to their love and respect to the Ambiya, they, in expressing this love and respect, made sajdah to the graves of the Ambiya alayhimus salam and this is shirk.

B) Or they used to read Salaah and make sajdah to Allah but in the grave yards they prostrated to their prophets. In the condition of Salaah they used to face the graves and make sajdah to these graves. They thought they were doing two good deeds.

SHAL WALI ULLAH SAID :-

If you wish to see a perfect example of the practices of the Mushrikeen then look at the general masses and the ignorant of our times. They visit tombs, graves, etc and indulge in many types of shirk. Every wicked and misfortunate act and belief of the previous people is exercised by different groups of our times. May Allah Ta’ala protect us from such beliefs and practices.

(FAUZUL KABIR)

BURHAN TARHUMANI SAID :-

We do not regard placing of the hands on the graves as sunnah nor as a good act. However if someone does so, there is no sin. Ainul Aimmah Karabisi says: This was the ruling of the Salaf (Pious predecessor) without reproach. And Shamshul Aimma Makki says: This is an innovation. Do not rub or place your hands on graves nor kiss it, because these are christian customs.

(FATWA ALAMGIRI VOLUME 5, PAGE 357 )

CONCLUSION :-

ABOVE HADEET IS WEAK,IT IS AGAINST AUTHENTIC HADEET.

Posted on September 12, 2012, in TAWASSUL AND ISTIGATHA REFUTATIONS and tagged , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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