MISWAAK (TOOTHSTICK).

MISWAAK (TOOTHSTICK)
MISWAAK (TOOTHSTICK)

CONTENT :-

1) MEANING OF MISWAAK

2) VIRTUES OF USING SIWAAK.

3) TREE WIGS SHOULD BE USED FOR SIWAAK.

4) WHEN SHOULD HE USE THE SIWAAK IF HE WANTS TO DO WUDOO.

5) RULING ON USING SIWAAK WHILE FASTING.

6) HOW TO CLEAN THE MOUTH WITH SIWAAK.

7) SIWAAK SHOULD BE KEPT CLEAN.

8) MEDICAL BENEFITS OF SIWAAK.

9) DAEEF HADEET REGARDING SIWAAK.

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1) MEANING OF MISWAAK :-

The term ‘miswak’ or ‘siwak’ derives from Arabic word ‘saka’ which mean to rub something or clean the teeth. The siwaak is a stick or twig used for this purpose.

‘Abdur-Rahman bin Abu ‘Atiq said:

“My father told me: ‘I heard ‘Aishah say, (narrating) from the Prophet (): “Siwak is a means of purification for the mouth and is pleasing to the Lord.”

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 5)

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2) VIRTUES OF USING SIWAAK. :-
Abdur-Rahman bin Abu ‘Atiq said:

“My father told me: ‘I heard ‘Aishah say, (narrating) from the Prophet (): “Siwak is a means of purification for the mouth and is pleasing to the Lord.”

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 5)

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “If I had not found it hard for my followers or the people, I would have ordered them to clean their teeth with Siwak for every prayer.”

SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 2, Book 13, Hadith 12)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 2, Hadith 487)

Narrated Anas:

Allah’s Apostle said, “I have told you repeatedly to use the Siwak. (The Prophet put emphasis on the use of the Siwak.)

SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 2, Book 13, Hadith 13)

Narrated Hudhaifa:

Whenever the Prophet got up for Tahajjud prayer he used to clean his mouth (and teeth) with Siwak.

SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 2, Book 21, Hadith 237)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 2, Hadith 491)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 2, Hadith 492)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 2, Hadith 493)

It was narrated that Hudhaifah said:

“We were commanded to use the siwak when we got up to pray at night.” (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 10, Hadith 1624)

Narrated Aisha:

Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr entered upon the Prophet while I was supporting the Prophet on my chest. `AbdurRahman had a fresh Siwak then and he was cleaning his teeth with it. Allah’s Apostle looked at it, so I took the Siwak, cut it (chewed it with my teeth), shook it and made it soft (with water), and then gave it to the Prophet who cleaned his teeth with it. I had never seen Allah’s Apostle cleaning his teeth in a better way. After finishing the brushing of his teeth, he lifted his hand or his finger and said thrice, “O Allah! Let me be with the highest companions,” and then died. `Aisha used to say, “He died while his head was resting between my chest and chin.”

SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 5, Book 59, Hadith 722)

Al-Mu’tamir narrated that his father said:

“I heard Talq mentioning ten things that have to do with the Fitrah: Using the Siwak, trimming the mustache, clipping the nails, washing the joints, shaving the pubes, rinsing the nose, and I am not sure about rinsing the mouth.” (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 6, Book 2, Hadith 5044)

It was narrated from Al-Miqdam – Abu Shuraih – that his father said:

“I said to ‘Aishah: ‘What did the Prophet () start with when he entered his house?’ She said: ‘The Siwak.'”

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 8)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 2, Hadith 488)

A’isha reported:Whenever Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) entered his house, he used tooth-stick first of all.

SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 2, Hadith 489)

NOTE:

When the smell of one’s mouth changes, whether this is because of eating food with a strong odour, or because of not eating or drinking for a long time, etc. Siwaak is cleansing for the mouth, which means that it should definitely be used when the mouth needs cleaning. When reading Qur’aan and joining gatherings in which Allaah is remembered (dhikr), because the angels are present on such occasions.

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3) TREE WIGS SHOULD BE USED FOR SIWAAK. :-

The scholars are agreed that the best thing for cleaning the mouth is the twigs of the araak tree, because of its good smell, and because it has brush-like fibres which are effective for cleaning food particles etc. from between the teeth, and because of the hadeeth.

‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: “I used to gather siwaak sticks from the araak tree for the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) (its isnaad is hasan).”

(MUSNAD AHMAD HADITH NO 3991,AL IRWA 1/104)

If araak twigs are not available, the scholars recommended using palm-leaf stalks, or twigs of the olive tree. The haadeeth that have been narrated concerning this, however, are not saheeh.

The correct view is that any kind of sticks that are cleansing and not harmful may be used instead of siwaak, if it is not available, to clean the mouth and remove dirt from the teeth. This includes modern toothbrushes which are known to be beneficial in this regard.

Things that may not be used for siwaak:

The scholars have stated that it is forbidden to use poisonous sticks, things that are not taahir (pure, clean), and anything that may cause bleeding, illness or any other harm.

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4) WHEN SHOULD HE USE THE SIWAAK IF HE WANTS TO DO WUDOO. :-

The scholars are agreed that it is mustahabb to use the siwaak when doing wudoo’

Narrated Abu Huraira r.a .

Prophet muhammed (p.b.u.h) said “Were it not that it would cause hardship for my ummah, I would have instructed them to use the siwaak with every wudoo’.”

MUSNAD AHMAD (HADITH 9612,SAHEEH AL-JAAMI 5317)

The scholars differed concerning the time for using the siwaak when doing wudoo’. Some of them said that it should be before saying Bismillah for doing wudoo’ and some of them said that it should be when rinsing the mouth.

IBN NUJAYM SAID :-

There was a difference of opinion concerning the time for that. In al-Nihaayah and Fath al-Qadeer [which are books of the Hanafi madhhab] it says that it should be when rinsing the mouth. In al-Badaa’i‘ and al-Mujtaba it says that it should be before doing wudoo. But most scholars are of the former view, which is more likely to be correct, because it makes the mouth cleaner.

(AL-BAHR AL-RAA’IQ 1/21)

AL-ZARKASHI SAID :-

The fact that it is mustahabb to use the siwaak is confirmed in several places, at the time of prayer and when rinsing the mouth during wudoo’.

(SHARH AL-ZARKASHI 1/30)

AL-SHIRWAANI SAID :-

The view of the author – meaning Ibn Hajar al-Haytami – is in accordance with the majority, that it should be before saying Bismillah. And the view we adopt is that it should be after washing the hands and before rinsing the mouth.

(HAWASSHI AL-SHIRWAANI 1/221)

What seems to be the case is that the matter is broad in scope, because there is no clear evidence from the Sunnah to stipulate any particular time.

SHAYKH IBN UTHAYMEEN SAID :-

Using the siwaak when doing wudoo’ should be with rinsing the mouth, because this is the point at which the mouth is purified and the siwaak is for purifying the mouth, as it is narrated in a saheeh report from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) that he said: “The siwaak is purifying for the mouth and pleasing to the Lord.” So the siwaak should come with rinsing the mouth, but if you wish you may use the siwaak after finishing wudoo’ or if you wish you may use it before you start, but it is better if it is done when rinsing the mouth.

(AL-SHARH AL-MUKHTASAR ALA BULOOGH AL-MARAAM 2/44)

HE ALSO SAID :-

The scholars said that it should be used when rinsing the mouth, because rinsing the mouth is purifying the mouth, so it should be done at that point. But if that is not possible, then it may be done after wudoo’. The matter is broad in scope.

(LIQA AL-BAAB AL-MAFTOOH 133/31)

The apparent meaning of the words of Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allah have mercy on him) indicates that he thinks that the siwaak should be used before saying Bismillah for wudoo’, as he said:The way it – wudoo’ – is done is: using the siwaak, saying Bismillah, washing the hands three times – which is Sunnah – rinsing the mouth, snuffing water into the nose and blowing it out.

(AL-THAMAR AL-MUSTATAAB PAGE 9)

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5) RULING ON USING SIWAAK WHILE FASTING :-

The scholars (may Allaah have mercy on them) are agreed that there is nothing wrong with using siwaak during the day when one is fasting, so long as he is careful not to swallow anything, but they differed with regard to using it after noon, which some of them disliked (regarded as makrooh). The correct view is that it is sunnah for one who is fasting, just as it is for anyone else, because of the general sense of the reports which prove that it is sunnah. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not make any exceptions or state any specific time, and a statement that is general in nature should continue to be taken as general unless there is evidence to indicate that it is specific in application.

The hadeeth used as evidence to forbid using siwaak after noon is attributed to ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (may Allaah be pleased with him) who is quoted as saying that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “When you fast, use siwaak in the morning but do not use it in the afternoon.”

AD DAARUQTANI (IBN HAJAR SAID ISNAAD IS WEAK AL-TALKHESS AL-HABEER 1/62)

There is no proof that this can be attributed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). With regard to the use of the hadeeth

“ Verily, the smell of the mouth of a fasting person is better to Allah than the smell of musk”

SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 7, Book 72, Hadith 811)

as evidence, this mouth odour will not be dispelled by use of siwaak because it is caused by the stomach being empty, and it could occur early in the day if a person has not eaten suhoor. All the scholars are agreed that it is permissible for a fasting person to use siwaak early in the day. This shows that use of siwaak is encouraged even when fasting, and there is no difference between using it early in the day or later on.

SHAYKH AL-ISLAM IBN TAYMIYAH SAID :-

As for the miswaak, it is permissible and there is no difference of opinion concerning that. But they differed as to whether it is makrooh after the sun has passed the meridian, and there are two well known views, both of which were narrated from Ahmad. But there is no shar’i evidence suggesting this to be makrooh which can be regarded as an exception from the general meaning of the texts about the miswaak.

(AL-FATAAWA AL-KUBRA 2/474)

AL-NAWAWI SAID :-

It is permissible to swallow the saliva after using the siwaak, but if anything comes out of the siwaak in the mouth, you should spit it out and then swallow the saliva, just as the fasting person is allowed to do wudoo’, then he should spit out the water from his mouth and then swallow his saliva. He does not have to dry his mouth completely from the water used for rinsing.

(AL-MAJMOO’ 6/327)

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6) HOW TO CLEAN THE MOUTH WITH SIWAAK. :-

The scholars have differed as to whether siwaak should be done with the right hand or the left hand.

One group – the majority – thinks that it is better to use the right hand, because of the general meaning of the hadeeth.

Narrated `Aisha:

The Prophet used to like to start from the right side on wearing shoes, combing his hair and cleaning or washing himself and on doing anything else.

SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 1, Book 4, Hadith 169)

Other scholars say that it is better to use the left hand for siwaak, because it comes under the heading of removing dirt. This is the well-known opinion of Imaam Ahmad’s madhhab, and it is the view favoured by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah, may Allaah have mercy on him.

SHAIKH MUHAMMAD AL MUNAJJID SAID :-

Some scholars have said that when a person is using siwaak with the intention of following the sunnah, he should use his right hand, and if he is doing it to remove dirt, he should use his left hand. The fact of the matter is that this issue is open, as there is no definitive daleel or report, and every opinion has a valid point.The fuqaha’ suggested that when using siwaak, a person should start on the right, and use a side-to-side motion rather than up-and-down, as the latter may harm the gums

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7) SIWAAK SHOULD BE KEPT CLEAN. :-

The siwaak should be washed after use, to get rid of any dirt that may be on it.

‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to use siwaak, then he would give it to me to wash it. I would use it first, then wash it and give it back to him.”

ABU DAWOOD (BOOK 1, HADITH NO 51)

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8) MEDICAL BENEFITS OF SIWAAK. :-

DR MUHAMMAD SAEED AL-JAAREEDLI SAID :-

The siwaak is many times better than the toothbrush and toothpaste in chemical and mechanical terms.After carrying out research he found that the substance which is in the siwaak kills germs and heals our mouths from disease. By itself it can take the place of the toothbrush and toothpaste because of the numerous substances it contains which are superior to those contained in toothpaste. Similarly, strong, gentle natural fibres work better than the fibres of the toothbrush and do not damage the gums. They also effectively remove what is left in our mouths and clings to our teeth of leftover food, which can cause disease and damage to the mouth and teeth. Up until today, in our civilised world, there is no toothpaste that contains the substances contained in the siwaak. Similarly, it says in the weekly magazine American Dentist that most of the toothpastes used in the United States of America are not good or healthy.

For example, we see that most of the toothpastes on the market are commercial and cheap, aimed at nothing other than making a profit, and the mouth and gums do not benefit from them at all. But in the case of siwaak, it was found — after scientific research — that it contains a lot of effective substances carried in its fibres, including cleansers such as sinigrin, astringents which strengthen the gums, such as gallic acid, volatile oils which give the mouth a good smell, sodium chloride, sodium bicarbonate, potassium chloride, calcium oxalate and a number of substances which clean the teeth. Some substances in the siwaak also kill germs, so it has an effect similar to that of penicillin.

So the siwaak is indeed the purifier for the mouth and teeth. Blessings and peace of Allah be upon you, O Beloved of Allah, O intercessor for creation, O Trustworthy Messenger, until the Day of Judgement; you brought us the Qur’aan from the Lord of the worlds, the most wise of judges, and you spoke the truth when you said: “Siwaak is purifying for the mouth and pleasing to the Lord.” End quote.

(AL-SIWAAK WA’L-INAAYAH BI’L-ASNAAN PAGE 9-14)

DR JAMES TURNER SAID :-

The Faculty of Medicine in the American University of Tennessee, which is published in the journal Oral Medicine and Dentistry, it says: The miswaak of the araak tree contains substances which purify and kill microbes, the most important of which are sulphur and sitosterol B (or β-sitosterol), as well as sodium. Research and experiments indicate that the siwaak contains a substance which stops bleeding, purifies the gums and sterilises wounds in the gums. It also contains in its fibres large amounts of mineral salts and ions such as calcium, iron, phosphates and sodium.

Siwaak contains vitamin C, and it is well known to scientists that the interaction between this vitamin and antibiotics is regarded as one of the most effective of remedies. It also contains tannin which helps to strengthen the gums.

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9) DAEEF HADEET REGARDING SIWAAK. :-

“Two rak’ahs with siwaak are better than seventy rak’ahs without siwaak”

(IBN NAJJAR)

With regard to the hadeeth “Two rak’ahs with siwaak are better than seventy rak’ahs without siwaak”, it is a da’eef (weak) hadeeth, and is not saheeh (sound). The saheeh ahaadeeth are sufficient, praise be to Allaah.

(MAJMOO FATAAWA IBN BAAZ 26/288)

AL-BAIHAQI SAID :-

(It is) da’eef and its isnaad is not strong. It was narrated in both marfoo’ and mursal reports.

(SUNAN AL-KUBRA 1/38)

IBN QAYYIM SAID :-

Its isnaad is not strong.

(AL-MANAAAR AL-MUNEEF PAGE 17)

IMAM NAWAWI SAID :-

DAEEF.

(AL-KHALAASAH 1/88)

ALBANI SAID :-

DAEEF.

(AL-JAAMI 3519)

Posted on October 8, 2012, in OTHERS and tagged , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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