1) THE COMMANDS MENTIONED IN QURAN AND SUNNAH TO OBEY ALLAH SWT AND HIS MESSENGER.
2) DEFINITION OF TAQLEED.
3) PROHIBITION OF TAQLEED FROM QURAN.
4) PROHIBITION OF TAQLEED FROM SUNNAH.
5) PROHIBITION OF TAQLEED FROM SAHABA.
6) PROHIBITION OF TAQLEED FROM FOUR IMAMS.
7) PROHIBITION OF TAQLEED FROM SCHOLARS.
8) IT IS OBLIGATORY TO FOLLOW MADHAB ?
1) THE COMMANDS MENTIONED IN QURAN AND SUNNAH TO OBEY ALLAH SWT AND HIS MESSENGER.
The commands mentioned in the Qur’aan and Sunnah to follow the laws of Allaah and His Messenger.
Say (O Muhammad to mankind): ‘If you (really) love Allaah, then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Qur’aan and the Sunnah), Allaah will love you and forgive you your sins’”
(SURAH Al-IMRAN 3:31)
He who obeys the Messenger (Muhammad ), has indeed obeyed Allah, but he who turns away, then we have not sent you (O Muhammad ) as a watcher over them.
(SURAH NISA 4 VERSE 80)
The only saying of the faithful believers, when they are called to Allah (His Words, the Qur’an) and His Messenger (), to judge between them, is that they say: “We hear and we obey.” And such are the prosperous ones (who will live forever in Paradise).
(SURAH AN-NUR 24 VERSE 51)
There is indeed the best example for you to follow in the Messenger of Allah (Mohamed saws), for every such person who looks forward to Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah much.
(SURAH AL AHZAB 33 VERSE 21)
O you who have believed, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you should believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is the best [way] and best in result.
(SURAH AN-NISA 4 VERSE 59)
But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until they make you (O Muhammad ) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission.
(SURAH AN-NISA 4 VERSE 65)
THOSE WHO DISOBEY PROPHET MUHAMMED (P.B.U.H).
And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger (Muhammad ) after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers’ way. We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell – what an evil destination.
(SURAH AN-NISA 4 VERSE 115)
And let those who oppose the Messenger’s (Muhammad ) commandment (i.e. his Sunnah legal ways, orders, acts of worship, statements, etc.) (among the sects) beware, lest some Fitnah (disbelief, trials, afflictions, earthquakes, killing, overpowered by a tyrant, etc.) befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them.
(SURAH AN NUR 24 VERSE 63)
Abu Hurairah narrated that:
The Prophet said: “Whoever obeys me, obeys Allah; and whoever disobeys me, disobeys Allah.” (Sahih)
IBN MAJAH (Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 3)
Narrated `Abdullah: The best talk (speech) is Allah’s Book ‘Qur’an, and the best way is the way of Muhammad, and the worst matters are the heresies (those new things which are introduced into the religion); and whatever you have been promised will surely come to pass, and you cannot escape (it).
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 9:: Book 92:: Hadith 382)
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “All my followers will enter Paradise except those who refuse.” They said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Who will refuse?” He said, “Whoever obeys mewill enter Paradise, and whoever disobeys me is the one who refuses (to enter it).
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 9:: Book 92:: Hadith 384)
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (P.B.U.H) said, “Leave me as I leave you for the people who were before you were ruined because of their questions and their differences over their prophets. So, if I forbid you to do something, then keep away from it. And if I order you to do something, then do of it as much as you can.”
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 9::Book #92, Hadith #391)
Yahya related to me from Malik that he heard that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I have left two matters with you. As long as you HOLD to them, you will not go the wrong way. They are the Book of Allah and the SUNNA of His Prophet.”
MUWATTA MALIK (Book #46, Hadith #46.1.3)
Narrated Anas ibn Malik
He (p.b.u.h) said who loves my Sunnah,in fact loves me and he who loves me, will be with me in Paradise.
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (HADITH 175)
Narrated Abu Huraira:
I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “My example and the example of the people is that of a man who made a fire, and when it lighted what was around it, Moths and other insects started falling into the fire. The man tried (his best) to prevent them, (from falling in the fire) but they overpowered him and rushed into the fire. The Prophet added: Now, similarly, I take hold of the knots at your waist (belts) to prevent you from falling into the Fire, but you insist on falling into it.”
SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 8, Book 76, Hadith 490)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 30, Hadith 5671)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 30, Hadith 5670)
Jabir b. Abdullah reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying. My example and your example is that of a person who lit the fire and insects and moths began to fall in it and he would be making efforts to take them out, and I am going to hold you back from fire, but you are slipping from my hand.
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 30, Hadith 5672)
Narrated that Jaabir (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came out to us one day and said: “In my dream I saw Jibreel by my head and Mikaa’eel at my feet.One of them said to the other: ‘Let us tell him an parable.’He said: ‘Let your ears hear and let your heart understand.The likeness of you and your ummah is that of a king who took some land and built a house on it, then he placed a table therein and sent a messenger inviting the people to come and eat. Some of them responded to the messenger and others did not.Allaah is the king, the land is Islam, the house is Paradise, and you, O Muhammad, are a messenger. Whoever responds to you enters Islam,and whoever enters Islam will enter Paradise, and whoever enters Paradise will eat what is therein.
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (HADITH 2860)
Abdullah bin Mas’ood narrates: One day The Apostle of Allaah (peace be upon him) drew a line in front of us and said: “This is the way of Allaah”. Then He (peace be upon him) drew lines to the right and to the left of that (straight) line, and said: “These are the lines on each of which a Shaytaan lies who calls towards it” Then he (peace be upon him) recited this verse And, [moreover], this is My path, which is straight, so follow it; and do not follow [other] ways, for you will be separated from His way. This has He instructed you that you may become righteous.SURAN ANAAM 6 VERSE 153.
SUNAN DARIMI (HADITH 204)
MUSNAD BAAZAAR (HADITH 1865)
2) DEFINITION OF TAQLEED. :-
IBN HAMMAM AL HANAFI SAID :-
“Taqleed is acting without proof upon the action of someone whose saying is not among evidence(Quran and Sunnah), following Prophet peace be upon him and Consensus is not taqleed
(TAHREER IBN HAMMAM FE ILM AL ASOOL VOL 3 PAGE 453)
IBN HAJIB AL NAHWI SAID :-
Taqleed is following other then (Prophet) without evidence, so Following Prophet peace be upon him and Ijma, laymen asking from Mufti, Qadhi making judgment based on testimony of witness is not Taqleed because there is evidence on that.
(منتهى الوصول والأمل في علمي الأصول والجدل PAGE 218)
ALI BIN MUHAMMAD AL AMADI SAID :-
Following Prophet peace be upon him, consensus of Jurists of the time’ laymen asking from Mufti, Qadhi making judgment based on testimony of witness is not Taqleed.
(AL AHKAM FE ASOOL AL AHKAM BOOK VOL 4 PAGE 221)
IBN QUDAMAH AL HANBLEE SAID :-
And this (taqleed) according to jurists is accepting sayings of others (then Prophet) without evidence. From this meaning accepting saying of Prophet peace be upon him and consensus is not taqleed.
(RODHA TUL NAZIR VOL 2 PAGE 450)
IT IS MENTIONED IN “MUTHALAM UTH THUBUT” PAGE 289 TABA 1316 IT IS SAID THAT :-
Following Quran, Hadith, consensus’, Qadhi making judgment based on testimony of witness, laymen coming to a scholar is not Taqleed.
IBN AL QAYYAM SAID :-
People of knowledge are agreed upon that taqeed is not knowledge
(AILAM AL MOQIEEN VOL 2 PAGE 188)
IN RELIABLE BOOK OF DEOBANDI IT SAYS :-
Following or copying someone blindly without thinking or without evidence.
(AL-QAMOOS AL-WAHEED PAGE 1346)
“Qallidu Fulanan: To do Taqleed, Following without evidence, following someone blindly, To Copy someone, like “Qallid al-Qard al-Insaan” like: A Monkey did Taqleed of a Human.
(AL-QAMOOS AL-WAHEED PAGE 346)
ASHRAF ALI THANWI SAID :-
Someone asked, “What is Taqleed and what is the reality of Taqleed? It was replied to him that, “Taqleed is nothing but following an opinion/view of anyone without any evidences.It was again asked, “is it Taqleed to follow the commandments of Allaah and His Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)?”It was replied to him that, “following the commandments of Allaah and His Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is obedience
(MALFOZAAT HAKEEM AL-UMMAT PAGE 153)
3) PROHIBITION OF TAQLEED FROM QURAN. :-
ALLAMAH JALAL UD DIN SUYUTI SAID :-
Athar of Ibne Masood has a connection in condemnation of Taqleed, This Athar is mentioned by Behaqi in Sunan (Ibne Masood) said Do not make taqleed of people in deen”, Ibne Hazam(died in 456 h) said in the book Al Nabad al Kafiyah min Ilm al Asool that Taqleed is Haram it is not permissible for anyone to take words other than Prophet of Allah peace be upon him without proof, Allah says Follow (O men!) the revelation given unto you from your Lord, and follow not, as friends or protectors, other than Him.” [007:003] and Allah says “When it is said to them: “Follow what God hath revealed:” They say: “Nay!”[002:170] and he(Allah) says.. ” So give good tidings to My servants Who listen to speech and follow the best of it. Those are the ones Allah has guided, and those are people of understanding.”[39:18] and Allah says “if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allâh and His Messenger, if you believe in Allâh and in the Last Day.
(AL RADD MIN AL AKHLAD MIN AL ARDH BY SUYUTI PAGE 52,53)
TAFSIR JALALYAN SAYS
O you who believe, obey God, and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you, that is, rulers, when they command you to obey God and His Messenger. If you should quarrel, disagree, about anything, refer it to God, that is, to His Book, and the Messenger, while he lives, and thereafter [refer] to his Sunna: in other words examine these [disputes] with reference to these two [sources], if you believe in God and the Last Day; that, reference to the two [sources], is better, for you than quarrelling or [adhering to] personal opinions, and more excellent in interpretation, in the end.[In his tafsir under 4:59]
81. And (remember) when Allah took the covenant of the Prophets, saying: “Take whatever I gave you from the Book and Hikmah, and afterwards there will come to you a Messenger confirming what is with you; you must, then, believe in him and help him.” Allah said: “Do you agree (to it) and will you take up Isri” They said: “We agree.” He said: “Then bear witness; and I am with you among the witnesses
82. Then whoever turns away after this, they are the rebellious.
(SURAH AL IMRAN 3 VERSE 81-82)
IMAM IBNE KATHEER COMMENTED
Therefore, Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is the Final Prophet until the Day of Resurrection. He is the greatest Imam(Imam al Azam), who if he existed in any time period, deserves to be obeyed, rather than all other Prophets.
It is proven from Qur`an that No one is Imam al Adham other then Prophet peace be upon him, each and every saying can be rejected (whether the saying is from Imam Abu haneefah or Imam Shafiee or any other Imam) but the saying of Imam Al Azam Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him can not be rejected. Hence, Proved If hadith comes in front of Imam and his saying then the saying should be rejected. Note that Imam ad-Dahabee said Abu Hanifa is Imam Al azam, Ibn e Hajar Asqalani said Shafiee is Imam al-Azam, Some other have given this title to Imam Malik. All of these great scholars were Imams but even their sayings are rejected in front of Prophet peace be upon him as said by Dahabee himself.
4) PROHIBITION OF TAQLEED FROM SUNNAH. :-
Narrated Jabir Ibn Abdullah :
Umar ibn al-Khattab brought to Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) a copy of the Torah and said: ‘Allah’s Messenger, this is a copy of the Torah’. He (Allah’s Messenger) kept quiet and he (Umar) began to read it. The colour of the face of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) underwent a change, whereupon Abu Bakr said: “Would that your mother mourn you, don’t you see the face of Allah’s Messenger?’ Umar saw the face of Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) and said: ‘I seek refuge with Allah from the wrath of Allah and the wrath of His Messenger. We are well pleased with Allah as Lord, with Islam as religion, and with Muhammad as Prophet’. Whereupon Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said : ‘By Him in Whose hand is the life of Muhammad, even if Moses were to appear before you and you were to follow him, leaving me aside, you would certainly stray into error; for if (Moses) were alive (now) and he found my prophetical ministry, he would have definitely followed me’.
SUNAN DARIMI (Vol. 1, Hadith 435)
MISHKAT (HADITH 194)
(IBN KHATIR UNDER THE COMMENTARY OF SURAH YUSUF VERSE 3)
COMMENT : –
When Musa Alehsalam have no authority than why to follow a fatwa or Ijtehaad of a particular Imam against Qur`an and Sunnah?
The Prophet (p.b.u.h_ sent a Sariya under the command of a man from the Ansar and ordered the soldiers to obey him. He (i.e. the commander) became angry and said “Didn’t the Prophet order you to obey me!” They replied, “Yes.” He said, “Collect fire-wood for me.” So they collected it. He said, “Make a fire.” When they made it, he said, “Enter it (i.e. the fire).” So they intended to do that and started holding each other and saying, “We run towards (i.e. take refuge with) the Prophet from the fire.” They kept on saying that till the fire was extinguished and the anger of the commander abated. When that news reached the Prophet he said, “If they had entered it (i.e. the fire), they would not have come out of it till the Day of Resurrection. Obedience (to somebody) is required when he enjoins what is good.”
SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 5, Book 59, Hadith 629)
5) PROHIBITION OF TAQLEED FROM SAHABA. :-
Saalim ibn ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar, who said: “I was sitting with Ibn ‘Umar (radi Allaahu ‘anhu) in the mosque once, when a man from the people of Syria came to him and asked him about continuing the ‘Umrah onto the Hajj (known as Hajj Tamattu’). Ibn ‘Umar replied, ‘It is a good and beautiful thing.’ The man said, ‘But your father (i.e. ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab) used to forbid it!’ So he said, ‘Woe to you! If my father used to forbid something which the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) practised and commanded, would you accept my father’s view, or the order of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) ?’ He replied, ‘The order of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam).
MUSNAD AHMAD (HADITH 5700)
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (HADITH 752)
Yahya related to me from Malik, from Ibn Shihab, that Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn al-Harith ibn Nawfal ibn Abd al-Muttalib told him that he had heard Sad ibn Abi Waqqas and ad-Dahhak ibn Qays discussing tamattu in between umra and hajj. Ad-Dahhak ibn Qays said, “Only someone who is ignorant of what Allah, the Exalted and Glorified, says would do that.” Whereupon Sad said, “How wrong is what you have just said, son of my brother!” Ad-Dahhak said, ”Umar ibn al-khattab forbade that,” and Sad said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did it, and we did it with him.”
MUWATTA MALIK (Book #20, Hadith #20.17.61)
When Ibn umar Reject the saying of his father ,i.e none other than umar bin khattab r.a,second caliph.then does the opinion of scholar carry any weight when it is against quran and sunnah?
ABDULLAH BIN MASOOD RA SAID TO HIS STUDENTS
Do not Make taqleed of people in your deen, If you reject (my words) then follow those who passed away(Companions of Prophet peace be upon him), not those who are alive.
(AL MOAJAM AL KABEER VOL 9 PAGE 116 HADEETH NO: 8764, SUNAN AL KUBRA 2/10)
1) Narrated by Lilkai in Sharah asool al aiteqaas Ahlus sunnah:130, Tabrani in Al Kabeer 9/152, Abu Nayeem in Hilya tul Auliyah 1/136 with the rout of Amash-Salma bin Khel from Abi al hawdh from Abdullah bin Masood
Haythamee said Narrators are the narrators of saheeh “Majma az Zawaid 1/188”
Amash is Mudallis and narrating from (AN) but there is 2nd rout of this saying.
2) Narrated by Lilkai in Sharah asool al aitekaad 131 with the rout of Obaidullh bin Moosa from Israiel from Abu Husayn from yahya bin Wasib from Masrooq from Abdullah.
3) Third rout mentioned by Imam Behaqi in Sunan al Kubra 2/10 Narrated to us Abu Abdullah Al Hafidh, he heard from Abul Husayn Muhammad bin Ahmad Al Qantaree, he heard from Abu al Hawdh al Qadhi, he heard from Muhammad bin Katheer al Maseesi, he heard from Ozaai, hadeeth narrated to him Abda bin abi Ababah.
4) Fourth rout mentioned by Khateeb Baghdadi in “الفقيه والمتفقه”(757 with the rout Abu Jafar Muhammad bin Jareer Tabree, hadeeth narrated to him Ahmad bin Waleed, he heard from Abdullah bin Dawud he said Amash mentioned from Abu Abdul Rahman he said that Abdullah bin Masood ra said.
There is 5th rout of this saying narrated by Imam Ibne Hazam in Al Ahkam 6/97 with the rout of
5) Ibne Wahab heard from Al awzaai he said narrated to me by Abdah bin abi Ababah that Ibne Masood
COMMENT : –
When it is obligatory for tabiyeen (one of the best era) to follow sahaba not particular Imam then who are we? how can we say it is obligatory to follow one particular imam from the four imams?
ABDULLAH BIN MASOOD RA SAID :-
Be a Scholar or knowledge seeker, do not be a Muqallid in deen who is in between them
(IBNE ABDUL BARR NARRATED IN JAME BYAN AL ILM VOL 1 PAGE 71)
It is mentioned in Al Moajam al Waseet
one of the Meaning of امع is Muqallid in Deen
(SEE AL MOAJAM AL WASEET PAGE 26,TAJ AL ARUS VOL 11 PAGE 4, AL QAMUS AL WAHEED PAGE 134)
SCAN OF AL MOAJAM AL WASEET : –
1.Asim from Zarr he said that Ibne Masood said…Ibne Abdul Barr narrated in Jame Byan al Ilm vol 1 page 71 and 72 hadeeth no:108, Ibne Hazam in Al Ahkam 6/234,Behaqi in al Mudakkhal 378.
2. Amash From Tameem bin Salma from Abu Obaidah from Ibne Mas`ood Ibne Abi Shaiba in Al Musannif 5/284, Faswi in Ibne Abdul Barr in Jame Byan al Ilm 1/140.
3. Jareer from Abi Sanan from Sahal al Qararee he said that Abdullah bin Masood said.. Bukhari in Tareekh al Kabeer 4/99, Abu Khaythama in Kitab al Ilm 116.
4. From Muhammad bin al Nazar Al-azdi (thana) Moawiyah bin Amr (Thana) Zaidah (AN) Abdul Malik bin Zubair from Abdullah
And there are other supportive routs of this athar.
MUADH BIN JABAL RA SAID :-
Regarding the mistake of a Scholar, even if he is on guidance don’t make taqleed of him in deen.
(HILYA TUL AULIYWAH OF ABU NAEEM ASBAHANI VOL 5 PAGE 9)
(KITAB AZ ZUHUD OF WAKEE BIN JARRAH VOL 1 PAGE 299,300 HADEET 71)
(KITAB AZ ZUHUD OF IMAM ABU DAWUD PAGE NO: 177 HADEETH NO: 193)
(IBNE ABDUL BARR IN JAME BYAN AL ILM 2/982 HADEETH NO: 1872 AND 1873)
(DAR IBNE JOZI, SHARAH ASOOL AL AITEQAAD AHLUS SUNNAH LILKAAI HADEETH NO: 198)
(AL ILAL BY DARQUTNI 6/81 992)
Those who authenticated above narration
Abu Naeem Asbahani said after narrating this
Narrated By Shoa’bah Moquf and it is authentic and some narrated these words Marfu from Muadh.
IBN AL QAYYAM SAID :-
This is authentic from Muadh.
(AILAM AL MOQIEEN 2/239)
Muhaqqieen of Kitab az Zuhad Abu dawud (Abu Tameem Yasir bin Ibraheem and Abu Bilal Ganeem bin Abbas) declared the chain Hasan.
(KITAB AZ ZUHAD PAGE NO: 177 HADEET 193)
There is also marfu hadith in this chapter narrated by Tabrani where
Prophet peace be upon him said :-Regarding Mistake of a Scholar Do not Make taqleed of him in your deen even if he is on hidayah.
(MOAJAM AL AWSAT VOL 9 PAGE 326,327 HADITH8709,8701)
(SHARAH ASOOL AL AITEQAAD AHLUS SUNNAH HADITH 182)
Narrated by Tabrani in al Awsat and Amr bin Marrah did not heard from Muaadh.
Even if scholar is on guidance don’t make taqleed of him in deen because it is said by Allah or Prophet peace be upon him, not because the Imam said.
6) PROHIBITION OF TAQLEED FROM FOUR IMAMS. :-
The view of the great Imams about Taqleed who are being followed today Blindly.
IMAM ABU HANIFA SAID :-
When Saheeh Hadith is presented, that is my opinion.No one has the right to give Fatwa according to my statement if he doesn’t know the origins (evidences from Quran and Sunnah) of it.
(AL-INTEQAA, BY IBNE ABDUL BAR, PAGE 145)
Abu Hanifa was asked, “What if your statement is against Quran?” He said, “Leave my opinion.” It was said, “What if your statement is against the Hadith of the Prophet?” He said, “Leave my statement.” It was asked, “What if your statement is against the statement of the Sahabi R.A?” He said, “Leave my statement.
(IQAAZ HUM ULU AL-ABSAAR, PAGE 50)
“It is haram (prohibited) for someone who does not know my evidence to give fatwaa (verdicts) on the basis of my words.” Another narration adds, “… for we are mortals: we say one thing one day, and take it back the next day.”
(IBN ‘ABDUL BARR IN AL-INTIQAA’ FI FADAA’IL ATH-THALAATHAH AL-A’IMMAH AL-FUQAHAA’ PAGE 145)
(IBN AL-QAYYIM IN I’LAAM AL-MOOQI’EEN 2/309)
(IBN ‘AABIDEEN IN HIS FOOTNOES ON AL-BAHR AR-RAA’IQ 6/293 AND IN RASM AL-MUFTI PAGE 29, 32)
(SHA’RAANI IN AL-MEEZAAN 1/55 WITH THE SECOND NARRATION)
(SIMILAR NARRATIONS EXIST ON THE AUTHORITY OF ABU HANEEFAH’S COMPANIONS ZAFAR, ABU YOOSUF AND ‘AAFIYAH IBN YAZEED; CF. EEQAAZ PAGE 52).
(IBN AL-QAYYIM FIRMLY CERTIFIED ITS AUTHENTICITY ON THE AUTHORITY OF ABU YOOSUF IN I’LAAM AL-MOOQI’EEN 2/344)
“When I say something contradicting the Book of Allah the Exalted or what is narrated from the Messenger (saaws), then ignore my saying.”
(AL-FULAANI IN EEQAAZ AL-HIMAM PAGE 50)
IMAM MALIK SAID :-
Anyone’s opinion can be rejected or accepted, except the opinion of Prophet SAW.
(IRSHAD US SAALIK BY ABDUL HAADI PAGE 277)
Im a human being, that’s why my opinion can be right or wrong, therefore always verify, if it is according to Quran and Sunnah, then accept it otherwise leave it.
(IQAAZ HUM ULU AL-ABSAAR, PAGE 72)
IMAM SHAFIEE SAID :-
If any of my statements is against the Saheeh Hadith, then accept the Hadith and leave my statement.
(AL-MAJMOO’ SHARAH AL-MUHAZZAB, BY NAWAWI VOL. 1 PAGE 104)
Whenever in my statement you find anything against the Sunnah of the Prophet SAW, then leave my statement and adopt the Sunnah.
(AL-MAJMOO’ SHARAH AL-MUHAZZAB, BY NAWAWI VOL 1 PAGE 104)
Whenever a Saheeh Hadith is approved against my statement, then the rank of Hadith is greater and do not do my Taqleed.
(AADAAB US SHAFAI WA MANAQIBAHU, BY IBN E ABI HAATIM AL- RAAZI PAGE 93)
The Muslims are unanimously agreed that if a sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) is made clear to someone, it is not permitted(Halaal) for him to leave it for the saying of anyone else.
(IBN AL-QAYYIM AILAAM AL MOQIYEEN 2/361 & FULAANI PAGE 68)
The sunnahs of the Messenger of Allah (saaws) reach, as well as escape from, every one of us. So whenever I voice my opinion, or formulate a principle, where something contrary to my view exists on the authority of the Messenger of Allah (saaws), then the correct view is what the Messenger of Allah (saaws) has said, and it is my view.”
(RELATED BY HAAKIM WITH A CONTINUOUS SANAD UP TO SHAAFI’I, AS IN TAAREEKH DIMASHQ OF IBN ‘ASAAKIR 15/1/3),
(I’LAAM AL-MOOQI’EEN 2/363, 364)
(EEQAAZ PAGE 100)
Every statement on the authority of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) is also my view, even if you do not hear it from me.”
(IBN ABI HAATIM 93-4)
IMAM AHMAD BIN HAMBAL SAID :-
“The opinion of Awzaa’i, the opinion of Maalik, the opinion of Abu Haneefah: all of it is opinion, and it is all equal in my eyes. However, the proof is in the narrations (from the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and his Companions.
(IBN ‘ABDUL BARR IN JAAMI’ BAYAAN AL-‘ILM 2/149)
Do not copy your Deen from anyone of these, but whatever comes from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) and his Companions, take it; next are their Successors, where a man has a choice.”
“Following (ittibaa’) means that a man follows what comes from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) and his Companions; after the Successors, he has a choice.”
(ABU DAAWOOD IN MASAA’IL OF IMAAM AHMAD 276-7)
“Whoever rejects a statement of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) is on the brink of destruction.”
(IBN AL-JAWZI P. 182-2)
7) PROHIBITION OF TAQLEED FROM SCHOLARS. :-
SEE WHAT DEOBANDI & BARELVI SAID :-
MAHMUD UL HASAN HANAFI HIYATI DEOBANDI SAID . IN THE “TAQRIR UT TIRMIDHI”, IT IS SAID IN CHAPTER OFTRANSACTIONS (BUYU’) ON THE SUBJECT ON KHYAR UL MAJLIS
“What is obtained is that the topic of khyar is amongimportant topics and Abu Hanifah contradicted in it the majority and a lot of people from the first and later generations, they wrote rasail in refutation of his (Abu Hanifah) Madhab on this topic and Maulana Shah Waliyullah Muhadith gave preference (Tarjih) in his Rasail to the Madhab of Ash-Shafi’i taking evidence from the Ahadith and Nusus, and the same our Shaykh gave preference(Tarjih) to his Madhab and said the truth and justice in this topic is to give preference to Ash-Shafi’i and we are Muqalid and the Taqlid of our Imam AbuHanifah is obligatory (Wajib) upon us.Allah knows best”
SCAN OF FRONT COVER :-
SCAN OF REFERENCE :-
COMMENT : –
So here Shaykh ul Hind of deobandis Mahmoud ul Hasan knew that the hadith is with the stance of Imam Shafiee but still he rejected the hadith just because it is obligatory on him to follow Imam Abu Haneefa, this kind of taqleed is totally Prohibited.
ALLAMAH AHMAD YAAR KHAN NAEEMI BRELVI SAID :-
Now we will mention an ultimate reply that is our evidences are not these narrations. Our main evidences are the sayings of Imam al Azam Abu Hanifa RadhiAllahanhu. We quote these verses and ahadith in support of the issues. These verses and ahadith are evidences of Abu Hanifa RadhiAllahanhu
(JA AL HAQ VOL 2 PAGE 91)
COMMENT : –
These two statements from brelvi and deobandi great scholars is enough to show the reality, This kind of taqleed is prohibited from Qur`an, Sunnah, Companions and Salaf.
IMAM MUZNI SAID
I have shortened this book from the knowledge of Muhammad bin Idrees Shafiee May Allah be pleased with him, So that if some one wants to understand it understand it easily, and I declare that he (Shafiee ra) Prohibits his taqleed and taqleed of others so that (every person) sees his religion(deen) and be precocious for himself.
(AL UMM, MUKHTASAR AL MUZNI)
SOURCE : –
AMEER UL MIMINEEN KHALEEFA ABU YUSAF YAQOOB
Ibne Khilkaan praised him and said :-
He ordered to leave faroo al Fiqh and said Scholars should issue fatwa from Quran al Aziz and Sunnah of Prophet peace be upon him and do not make taqleed of Mujtahideen and Mutaqaddimeen, but make the judgments from Quran ,Hadith,Ijma and Qiyas
(IBNE KHILKAAN IN WAFIYAT AHYAAN 7|11)
IMAM DAHABEE SAID :-
We take and reject the saying of every Imam except Imam of the righteous Sadiq al Masdooq Al Ameen who is Infallible Prayers and blessings of Allah be upon him, By Allah I am astonished on that scholar who makes taqleed of a particular Imam in his deen on his all sayings, knowing that explicit ahadeeth are rejecting the madhab of his Imam. There is no Strength but in Allah
(TAZKARA TUL HUFFAZ VOLUME 1 PAGE 16 UNDER THE BIOGRAPHY OF ABDULLAH IBN MASOOD R.A)
HE ALSO SAID
Adhering to one madhab is choosed by the one who is not able to seek knowledge like many of the scholars of our time or those who are fanatics.
(SEYAR AILAM AL NUBALA VOL 14 PAGE 491)
HE ALSO SAID
He said in it: “I follow the truth and perform ijtihād, and I do not adhere to any madh’hab”, “I(ad-Dahabi) say: yes. The one who is on the level of ijtihād and a number of imāms have attested to this regarding him, it is not allowed for him to do taqlīd, just as it is not seeming at all for the beginner jurist and the layman who has committed the Qur’ān to memory or a great deal of it to perform ijtihād. How is he going to perform ijtihād? What will he say? On what will he base his opinions? How can he fly when his wings have not yet grown?
(SEYAR AILAM ANNUBALA UNDER THE BIOGRAPHY OF IBN HAZAM)
HE AGAIN SAID :-
“The Scholars of hadeeth of this era and period close, and from them a great number and we have not even mentioned 1/10 (One tenth) of them. Likewise in the same time a group of people of Ahlur-Rayy (The people of opinion) Wal-Furoo (The hanafee’s), and how many of their heads were mu’tazilees and Shee’ah and the people of Kalaam were present. Who chased people statements (Fatwaas) and left the way of the Salaf which was to hold onto the hadeeth of the Prophet. And from this same time taqleed became apparent amongst the people and the fuqaha performed ijtihaad to a lesser extent.
(TAZKARA TUL-HUFFAZ VOL 2 PAGE 627 UNDER THE BIOGRAPHY OF ABU MUHAMMAD FZAL BIN MUHAMMAD)
COMMENT : –
It is clear from these statements of Imam ad Dahabi that the scholars must not do taqleed, he is against those deviants who even after knowing the truth do not leave the fatwa of Imam, and for lay people they must ask questions from scholars.
IMAM MUHAMMAD AL QASIM QURTUBEE :-
IMAM DAHABEE SAID
I say he wrote the book “Al Ezah” the refutation of Muqallideen
(SEYAR AL AILAM AL NUBALA VOL 13 PAGE 329)
ABU ABDULLAH BIN KHAWEEZ AL BASREE AL MALAKI
Ibn e Abdul Barr mentioned that Abu Abdullah bin khaweez Al Basree Al Malaki said that,In Islamic Law meaning of taqleed is acting on the action of someone who have no evidence for that and this is not allowed in Islamic Law, any thing which is proven from evidence it is called Itteba
(JAMIE BYAN AL ILAM OF IBN E ABDUL BARR VOL 2 PAGE 118 UNDER THE CHAPTER OF FASAAD AT TAQLEED AND THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TAQLEED AND ITTEBA)
IBRAHEEM NAKHA`EE (HE WAS IN SUGHAAR TABIYEEN) SAID :-
What will you do with the saying of Saeed bin Jubayr (Tabiyee) against Hadith of Prophet peace be upon him ?
(AL AHKAM IBN HAZAM 6/293 )
IBN HAZAM SAID :-
In reality accepting the sayings of other then Prophet peace be upon him without evidence, this is the definition of taqleed where ummat e Muslimah have consensus and there is evidence that it is invalid.
(AL AHKAM FE ASOOL AL AHKAM FE ABTAAL AT TAQLEED VOL 6 PAGE 269)
JALAL UD DIN SUYUTI SAID :-
Did Maalik, Abu Hanifa and Shaafi May Allah be please with them all permitted their taqleed for anyone? never. In fact by Allah they stopped from this, and they did not left any space for anyone.
(AR-RAD BIN AKHLAD ILAL ARDH BY SUYUTI PAGE 53)
FAKHAR UD DIN AL RAZI
He commented on the ayah “They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allaah (by obeying them in things which they made lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being ordered by Allaah), and (they also took as their Lord) Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary), while they (Jews and Christians) were commanded [in the Tawraat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] to worship none but One Ilaah (God — Allaah) Laa ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). Praise and glory be to Him (far above is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him)
(SURAH AL-TAWBAH 9 VERSE 31)
Our Teacher and Mawlana who is end of Investigators(Muhaqqiqeen) and Jurists(Mujtahideen) may Allah be please withhim said, i have seen Jam’at from Jurists of blind followers (Muqallideen), i read in front of them many verses of Quran on some issues which were against their (taqleedi) madhab, not only they left to accept the verses they didn’t even pay attention to it.
SOURCE : –
IBNE AQEEL HANBALEE SAID :-
Innovation in religion came from that way, to which the followers of religion followed. Then they died, whoever knows it, it is Obligatory on him that he should go out from this path, so that he will be saved from blunder… This is the way in which there is veneration of people and they leave the evidence and this is Taqleed, the first one who followed this way was satan.
(KITAB AL FUNOON, AL QISAM THANI PAGE 602 FASAL 560)
ALLAMAH SARKHISI QUOTED FROM MUHAMMAD BIN HASAN SHAIBANI
If Taqleed was allowed then they are more better for taqleed who were before Abu Haneefa ra like Hasan Basree and Ibraheem an Nakha’ee
(AL MABSOOT SARKHISI VOLUME 16 PAGE 28)
IMAM AT-TAHAWI SAID :-
Imam Tahawi had an argument with Qadhi Abu Obaid, Tahawi said,What (do you think that) each and every saying of Abu Haneefa is my saying? He (Qadhi abu Obaid) said: I consider you muqallid (Tahawi replied) The one who makes taqleed is stubborn or he has a memory problem.
(LISAN AL MEEZAN VOL 1 PAGE 280 TAKEN FROM MAQALAAT IRSHAD UL HAQ ATHAREE PAGE 93)
SHAYKH AL-ISLAM IBN TAYMIYAH SAID :-
No one has to blindly follow any particular man in all that he enjoins or forbids or recommends, apart from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). The Muslims should always refer their questions to the Muslim scholars, following this one sometimes and that one sometimes. If the follower decides to follow the view of an imam with regard to a particular matter which he thinks is better for his religious commitment or is more correct etc, that is permissible according to the majority of Muslim scholars, and neither Abu Haneefah, Maalik, al-Shaafa’i or Ahmad said that this was forbidden.
(MAJMOO’ AL-FATAAWA, 23/382)
HE SAID AFTER MENTIONING GREAT IMAMS
It is not obligatory to follow anyone but(it is obligatory) to follow Prophet of Allah peace be upon him, and It is not Prohibited to follow one of them(great imams) but it is prohibited to follow the one who speaks without knowledge.
(AL FURQAAN PAGE NO: 143)
HE ALSO SAID
Allaah has enjoined upon mankind to obey Him and obey His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), but He has not enjoined upon this ummah to obey anyone in particular in all that he enjoins or forbids, apart from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Even the Siddeeq of this ummah and the best of them after its Prophet (i.e., Abu Bakr) said: “Obey me so long as I obey Allaah, but if I disobey Allaah, then you are not obliged to obey me.” They are all unanimously agreed that there is no one who is infallible in all that he enjoins or forbids except the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Hence more than one of the imams said: The words of any person may be adopted or abandoned except the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
(MAJMOO AL-FATAAWA 20/211)
HE AGAIN SAID
If someone says it is Obligatory on awam to follow so and so, then this saying is not the saying of Muslim.
(MAJMOO` AL-FATAWAA 22/249)
IMAM IBNE SHAHEEN SAID :-
Qadhi Abu Bakar Muhammad bin Ismaeel said regarding him .Ibn Shaheen was trustworthy…He did not know Fiqh, not a little not a lot, If it is said something regarding fiqh of scholars like Shaafi in front of him, he used to say My Madhab is Muhammadi.
(TAREEKH BAGHDAD VOL 11 PAGE 267 NO:2068 QUOTED BY IMAM DAHABEE IN SEYAR AILAM AN-NUBALA UNDER HIS TARJUMA)
IT IS MENTIONED ABOUT SHAAFI SCHOLARS LIKE ABU BAKR, ABU ALI AND QAZI HUSSAIN THEY USED TO SAY
We are not Muqallideen(Blind followers) of Shafai, but our opinion has become same as of him.
(TABQAT AL FUQAHA OF LUCKNOWI PAGE 7)
Muhadditheen are saying we are not muqallideen of Imam but people say no no they were muqallideen and all the scholars were muqallideen.
IBN JAWZI SAID :-
Satan has mislead this Ummah by two ways :The first is that the Satan has open the way of Taqleed for Muqallideens of their Aslaaf and has put whispers that their is doubt in the Proofs of Quran and Sunnah of specific and abrogation which can be known sometime and sometime not there (therefore one should rely on taqleed). The reality is that Taqleed has lead to misguidance many of the nations. The Best example of this is of Christians and Jews and Arab Polytheists to which Satan has put into the lowest degree of misguidance.
The main purpose of doing Taqleed is not that which is to be praised but it is to be condemned because when there is doubt in the Quran and Sunnah of Abrogtation and of Specification then there is more doubt in Taqleed of being wrong. So before someone gets involved into the Misguidance of Taqlid, it is Obligatory for him to get away from it. Because in the Quran Allah has condemned those who does Taqleed.
A Muqallid is also skeptical about his Taqleed. Taqleed destroys the thinking of a person because the purpose of a man is to think and ponder. Where as a Muqallid excludes himself from pondering. The example of Taqleed is like this that a traveler lost his way in a night and someone tells him a way and he is like the one who without having knowledge about that way gives preference to do traveling in the night. Muqallidin has also given brain to think but in spite using it they are wasting their brains. Because the poor Muqallidins are the enemy of (guidance of) light.
(TALBIS IBLIS 1/74)
HAFIZ IBN JAWZI ALSO SAID :-
There is proof in this(Hadeeth) that doing Taqleed in Usool of Deen is prohibited and it is needed for the person that whatever creed he keeps he must keep its knowledge with surety and he should not do taqleed of anyone because a Muqqalid is like a blind man who walk behind his guide.
(KASHF MUSHKHEEL MAN HADEES FEE SAHIYAN 3/243)
HAFIZ IBN QAYYIM SAID :-
Your behaviorism is strange when you get any verse which is in accordance with qawl of your Imam then you outwardly show that you follow (the ayah) but your concentration is on the qawl of your Imam and not on the ayah. and likewise when you get any Ayah which is against the qawl of your Imam instead of following it you do Taweel of(that Ayah) and put all your force to make its outward meaning here and there and (say) that it was not in accordance with your Madhhab. Same is your case in following of Hadeeth ; when you get any Hadeeth which is in accordance with your Madhhab you take it and say this and that(Falan aur Falan) Hadeeth is our evidence. and when a minute portion of Hadeeth goes against your Imam then you don’t even look at that Hadeeth..And when you get a Mursal narration in acordance with your Madhhab then you say Mursal is Hujjah for us..when its shown to you a minute Mursal(narration) which is against the Madhhab of your Imam then you say we don’t follow Mursal (narrations),And your(Muqqalids) more strange opinion is that sometimes you follow a Hadeeth either Mursal or Musnad because it is in accordance with the Madhhab of your Imam then if there is another Hukm in the hadeeth which is against the opinion of your Imam then you don’t follow that part ; which is of that same Hadeeth.. You follow that part of it(Hadeeth) which is in accordance with the opinion of your Imam of whom you do Taqleed and not that part which against the opinon of your Imam.
(AILAAM AL MOQIEEN 2/149-150)
ONLINE SOURCE :-
IMAM MOHAMMAD ABDUL AZEEM ROOMI IBN MULLA FAROOKH MAKKI AL-HANAFEE SAID :-
Know that Allah never obliged any of his slave to become a Hanafee or Shaafi or Maalaki or Hanbalee. But enjoined them to believe on what was sent through Prophrt Muhammad peace be upon him and practicing on Shariyah.
(QAWL SADID FI BAHZA MASAAIL IJTIHAD WAL TAQLEED PAGE 2)
Ibn Maghlool says Sha’abi said to me… “If these people say to you any thing that is proven from prophet alaihi salam then take that and if they say anything of their own then throw that in the garbage.
SUNAN DARIMI (HADITH 202)
8) IT IS OBLIGATORY TO FOLLOW MADHAB ? :-
WILL BE UPDATED IN NEXT ARTICLE IN SHA ALLAH.