The Muslim can accustom himself to weep for fear of Allaah, by doing the following:
1) MAKING ONESELF FEEL FEAR OF ALLAH.
2) READING THE QUR’AAN AND PONDERING ITS MEANINGS.
3) KNOWING THE GREATNESS OF THE REWARD FOR WEEPING, ESPECIALLY WHEN ONE IS ALONE.
4) THINKING ABOUT SITUATION AND BOLDNESS IN COMMITTING SIN, AND FEARING TO MEET ALLAH IN SUCH A STATE.
5) MAKING ONESELF FEEL REGRET AND FEELING THAT ONE HAVE FALLEN SHORT IN DUTIES TOWARDS ALLAH.
6) WEEPING OUT OF FEAR OF A BAD END.
7) LISTENING TO MOVING SPEECHES AND LECTURES THAT WILL SOFTEN THE HEART.
1) MAKING ONESELF FEEL FEAR OF ALLAH. :-
This weeping is the fruit of beneficial knowledge, as al-Qurtubi says in his commentary on the verse (interpretation of the meaning):
“And they fall down on their faces weeping and it increases their humility”
(SURAH AL-ISRA 17 VERSE 109)
This is an eloquent description of them and praise for them. It is the duty of everyone who acquires knowledge to reach this level, so that when he hears the Qur’aan he is filled with fear and humility. In Musnad al-Daarimi it is narrated from Abu Muhammad that al-Taymi said: Whoever is given knowledge and does not weep, he deserves not to have any knowledge, because Allaah has described those who have knowledge; then he recited this verse.
(AL-JAAMI’ LI AHKAAM IL-QUR’AAN, 10/341-342.)
2) READING THE QUR’AAN AND PONDERING ITS MEANINGS. :-
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Say (O Muhammad to them): Believe in it (the Qur’aan) or do not believe (in it). Verily, those who were given knowledge before it, when it is recited to them, fall down on their faces in humble prostration.
108. And they say: Glory be to our Lord! Truly, the Promise of our Lord must be fulfilled.
109. And they fall down on their faces weeping and it increases their humility”
(SURAH AL-ISRA 17 VERSE 107-109)
“Those were they unto whom Allaah bestowed His Grace from among the Prophets, of the offspring of Adam, and of those whom We carried (in the ship) with Nooh (Noah), and of the offspring of Ibraaheem (Abraham) and Israel, and from among those whom We guided and chose. When the Verses of the Most Gracious (Allaah) were recited unto them, they fell down prostrate and weeping”
(SURAH MARYAM 19 VERSE 58)
Narrated `Abdullah bin Mas`ud:The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said to me, “Recite (the Qur’an) to me.” I said, “O Allah’s Messenger (p.b.u.h) Shall I recite (the Qur’an) to you while it has been revealed to you?” He said, “Yes.” So I recited Surat-An-Nisa’ (The Women), but when I recited the Verse: ‘How (will it be) then when We bring from each nation a witness and We bring you (O Muhammad) as a witness against these people.’ (4.41) He said, “Enough for the present,” I looked at him and behold! His eyes were overflowing with tears
SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 6, Book 61, Hadith 570)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 6, Book 61, Hadith 575)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 6, Book 60, Hadith 106)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 4, Hadith 1750)
ABU DAWOOD (Book 25, Hadith 3660)
Ataa’ said: “ ‘Ubayd ibn ‘Umayr and I entered upon ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) and Ibn ‘Umayr said to her, ‘Tell us of the most amazing thing you saw on the part of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).’ She wept and said, ‘He got up one night and said, “O ‘Aa’ishah, leave me to worship my Lord.” I said, “By Allaah, I love to be close to you, and I love what makes you happy.” So he got up and purified himself, then he stood and prayed. He kept weeping until his lap got wet, then he wept and kept weeping until the floor got wet. Bilaal came to tell him that it was time to pray, and when he saw him weeping, he said, “O Messenger of Allaah, you are weeping when Allaah has forgiven you all your past and future sins?” He said, “Should I not be a grateful slave? Tonight some aayaat have been revealed to me; woe to the one who recites them and does not think about what is in them (interpretation of the meaning): ‘Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth…’” Surah Baqarah 2:164]
SAHEEH IBN HIBBAN (HADITH 626)
SOURCE OF SAHEEH IBN HIBBAN :-
The following is a moving story that illustrates how the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had khushoo’, as well as explaining how it is obligatory to think of the meaning of the aayat.
3) KNOWING THE GREATNESS OF THE REWARD FOR WEEPING, ESPECIALLY WHEN ONE IS ALONE. :-
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet (p.b.u.h) said:”No man will enter the Fire who weeps for fear of Allah, Most High, until the milk goes back into the udders. And the dust (of Jihad) in the cause of Allah, and the smoke of Hell will never be combined.”
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 1, Book 25, Hadith 3110)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 1, Book 25, Hadith 3109)
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Book 18, Hadith 15)
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 4, Book 10, Hadith 2311)
MUBARAKFOORI SAID :-
حتى يعود اللبن في الضرع هذا من باب التعليق بالمحال كقوله تعالى : حتى يلج الجمل في سم الخياط
“until the milk goes back into the udder” is a metaphor for it being impossible, as in the verse where Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “and they will not enter Paradise until the camel goes through the eye of the needle” [al-A’raaf 7:40].
SOURCE OF TUHFAT AL-AHWADHI :-
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:
“I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) saying, ‘There are two eyes that shall not be touched by the Fire: An eye that wept from the fear of Allah, and an eye that spent the night standing on guard in the cause of Allah.”
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Book 18, Hadith 22)
Narrated Abu Huraira:The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, “Seven (people) will be shaded by Allah by His Shade on the Day of Resurrection when there will be no shade except His Shade. (They will be), a just ruler, a young man who has been brought up in the worship of Allah, a man who remembers Allah in seclusion and his eyes are then flooded with tears, a man whose heart is attached to mosques (offers his compulsory congregational prayers in the mosque), two men who love each other for Allah’s Sake, a man who is called by a charming lady of noble birth to commit illegal sexual intercourse with her, and he says, ‘I am afraid of Allah,’ and (finally), a man who gives in charity so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given.”
SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 8, Book 82, Hadith 798)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 1, Book 11, Hadith 629)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 2, Book 24, Hadith 504)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 5, Hadith 2248)
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 4, Book 10, Hadith 2391)
SUNAN NASEEI ( Vol. 6, Book 49, Hadith 5382)
Weeping when alone is singled out because being alone is a time when the heart tends to become harder and there is a stronger motive to commit sin, and it is farthest removed from the possibility of showing off. So if a person strives to do this, and makes himself feel the greatness and might of Allaah, and his eyes flow with tears, then he deserves to be beneath the shade of the Throne of the Most Merciful on the Day when there will be no shade but His shade.
4) THINKING ABOUT SITUATION AND BOLDNESS IN COMMITTING SIN, AND FEARING TO MEET ALLAH IN SUCH A STATE. :-
One of the righteous people used to weep night and day, and something was said to him about that. He said: “I am afraid that Allaah will see me committing sin and will say: ‘Go away from Me for I am angry with you.’” Hence Sufyaan used to weep and say: “I am afraid that my faith will be taken away at the moment of death.”
THE SALAF USED TO WEEP AND GRIEVE A GREAT DEAL.
Ismaa’eel ibn Zakariya described Habeeb ibn Muhammad, who was a neighbour of his. He said: “Every evening I heard him weeping and every morning I heard him weeping, so I went to his wife and said: ‘What is the matter with him? He weeps in the evening and he weeps in the morning!’ She said to me: ‘By Allaah, when evening comes he fears that he will not live till morning and when morning comes he fears that he will not live till evening.’”
IBN ABI DUNIYA (HADITH 62)
When ‘Ata’ al-Sulaymi was asked: “What is this grief?” he said: “Woe to you! Death is close at hand, the grave is my house, on the Day of Resurrection I will stand and my path is over a bridge across Hell, and I do not know what will become of me.”
IBN ABI DUNIYA (HADITH 178)
انْتَبَهَ الْحَسَنُ لَيْلَةً فَبَكَى ، فَضَجَّ أَهْلُ الدَّارِ بِالْبُكَاءِ ، فَسَأَلُوهُ عَنْ حَالِهِ ، فَقَالَ : ذَكَرْتُ ذَنْبًا لِي فَبَكَيْتُ
One night al-Hasan woke up weeping, and he disturbed the other people in the house with his weeping. They asked him what was the matter and he said: “I remembered a sin that I committed and I wept.”
TABSIRAT IBNE JAWZIYAH
5) MAKING ONESELF FEEL REGRET AND FEELING THAT ONE HAVE FALLEN SHORT IN DUTIES TOWARDS ALLAH. :-
The tears of the repentant at night quenches thirst and cure sickness, as the Shaykh of the Mufassireen, Abu Ja’far al-Tabari, said in his commentary on the verse (interpretation of the meaning):
“Do you then wonder at this recitation (the Qur’aan)?
60. And you laugh at it and weep not”
(SURAH AN-NAJM 53 VERSE 59-60)
Do not weep at the warnings contained therein to those who disobey Allaah, when you are people who commit sin, “Wasting your (precious) lifetime in pastime and amusements (singing)” [al-Najm 53:61] – you are heedless of the lessons and reminders contained therein, turning away from its verses.
(JAAMI’ AL-BAYAAN ‘AN TA’WEEL AAYI AL-QUR’AAN, 27/82.)
6) WEEPING OUT OF FEAR OF A BAD END. :-
Narrated Ibn `Umar:When the Prophet (p.b.u.h) passed by Al-Hijr, he said, “Do not enter the dwelling places of those people who were unjust to themselves unless you enter in a weeping state lest the same calamity as of theirs should befall you.” Then he covered his head and made his speed fast till he crossed the valley.
SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 5, Book 59, Hadith 703)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 4, Book 55, Hadith 563)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 4, Book 55, Hadith 564)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 42, Hadith 7104)
Al-Nawawi included this hadeeth in a chapter entitled “Weeping and feeling fear when passing by the graves of the wrongdoers and the places where they were killed, and expressing one’s need of Allaah, and being careful not to be negligent in that.”
(RIYAADH AL-SAALIHEEN, PAGE 373)
7) LISTENING TO MOVING SPEECHES AND LECTURES THAT WILL SOFTEN THE HEART. :-
Yahya bin Abu Muta’ said:I heard ‘Irbad bin Sariyah say: ‘One day, the Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h) stood up among us and delivered a deeply moving speech to us that melted our hearts and caused our eyes to overflow with tears.
IBN MAJAH (Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 42)
IBN MAJAH (Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 43)
ABU DAWOOD (Book 41, Hadith 4590)
May Allaah help us and you to do that which our Lord loves and is pleased with him.