ATTITUDE TOWARDS FITNAH.
Praise be to Allaah.There is a certain attitude which the Muslim should adopt towards fitnah to that this fitnah will not have a negative effect on him, and so that he will not have a negative effect on the Muslim community. This attitude includes the following:
DELIBERATION, GENTLENESS, FORBEARANCE & NOT BEING HASTY. :-
Deliberation, gentleness and forbearance at times of tribulation and upheaval are praiseworthy traits, because they enable the Muslim to see things as they really are and to understand what is going on.
‘A’isha, the wife of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying:Kindness is not to be found in anything but that it adds to its beauty and it is not withdrawn from anything but it makes it defective.
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 32, Hadith 6274)
Ibn ‘Abbas narrated that the Messenger of Allah said to the Ashajj ‘Abdul-Qais:”Indeed there are two traits in you that Allah loves: Forbearance, and deliberateness.”(Sahih)
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 4, Book 1, Hadith 2011)
So we must all be gentle in our thinking and attitudes, and with regard to all events that occur, and we should not be hasty, because that is not the way of the Muslim ummah, especially at times of fitnah.
SABR (PATIENCE). :-
We need a great deal of patience, especially at times of fitnah. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As- Saabiroon (the patient).
Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: “Truly, to Allaah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.”
They are those on whom are the Salawaat (i.e. who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His Mercy, and it is they who are the guided ones”
(SURAH AL-BAQARAH 2 VERSE 155-157)
It was narrated from Abu Tha’labah al-Khushani that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “After you there will come the days of patience (i.e., days which require patience). Patience during those (days) will be like grasping a live coal. During those (days) the reward for the one who adheres to the commands of Allaah will be equivalent to the reward of fifty men who did an action like his.” He said, “O Messenger of Allaah, the reward of fifty of them?” He said, “The reward of fifty of you.”
ABU DAWOOD (Book 38, Hadith 4327)
With patience, the difference between those who are determined and confident and those who are cowardly and weak becomes apparent. Hence the righteous salaf understood the importance of patience at times of tribulation and new developments. There follow some examples from their life stories:
When the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) were being persecuted and tested at the beginning of Islam in Makkah, Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would pass by them and remind them to be patient.
When he (p.b.u.h) passed by the family of Yaasir he would say, “Patience, O family of Yaasir, for you are promised Paradise.”
SHOABUL IMAN BAIHAQI (HADITH 1511)
SOURCE OF SHOABUL IMAN BAIHAQI :-
Narrated Az-Zubair bin `Adi:We went to Anas bin Malik and complained about the wrong we were suffering at the hand of Al- Hajjaj. Anas bin Malik said, “Be patient till you meet your Lord, for no time will come upon you but the time following it will be worse than it. I heard that from the Prophet (p.b.u.h).”
SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 9, Book 88, Hadith 188)
Mustaurid al-Qurashi reported:I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The Last Hour would come (when) the Romans would form a majority amongst people. ‘Amr said to him (Mustaurid Qurashi): See what you are saying? He said: I say what I heard from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). Thereupon he said: If you say that, it is a fact for they have four qualities. They have the patience to undergo a trial and immediately restore themselves to sanity after trouble and attack again after flight. They (have the quality) of being good to the destitute and the orphans, to the weak and, fifthly, the good quality in them is that they put resistance against the oppression of kings.
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 41, Hadith 6925)
When the imam of Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaa’ah, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, faced the overwhelming fitnah of those who said that the Qur’aan was created, during the reigns of al-Mu’moon, al-Mu’tasim and al-Waathiq, when he was subjected to lengthy imprisonment and severe beatings, he bore that with patience and adhered to his religion, the straight path, until Allaah granted him victory and relieved him of that distress.
JUSTICE AND FAIRNESS IN ALL THINGS. :-
One of the strongest causes of differences among people, especially at times of fitnah, is the lack of justice and fairness. If the Muslim strives to become fair to himself and to other people, then many of the problems that arise among Muslims, whether on the individual or communal level, will be solved, in sha Allah.
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And whenever you give your word (i.e. judge between men or give evidence), say the truth”
(SURAH AL ANAAM 6 VERSE 152)
“And let not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just: that is nearer to piety”
(SURAH AL-MAIDAH 5 VERSE 8)
So it is essential to be just in our words and deeds, especially at times of fitnah, in the sense that we should examine each matter and note its good and bad aspects, weigh them up, and then pass judgement, because examining matters thoroughly will protect the Muslim from attributing to Islam things that are not in accordance with the commands of Allaah. So your justice and fairness at the time of fitnah will save you, in sha Allah.
SHAYKH MUHAMMAD IBN SAALIH AL-‘UTHAYMEEN SAID : –
I urge you, my brothers, to be just and balanced in all things, to look at all issues surrounding any given matter, to find out the more correct ruling concerning it, and to judge all matters in the same way. This is an important principle which the wise man must follow in his relationship with Allaah and in his relationship with other people, to be fair, for Allaah loves those who are fair.There follow some examples from the lives of our righteous forebears (the salaf) of their keenness to be just and fair
It has been reported on the authority of Abd al-Rahman b. Shumasa who said:I came to A’isha to inquire something from her. She said: From which people art thou? I said: I am from the people of Egypt. She said: What was the behaviour of your governor towards you in this war of yours? I said: We did not experience anything bad from him. If the camel of a man from us died, he would bestow on him a camel. If any one of us lost his slave, he would give him a slave. If anybody was in need of the basic necessities of life, he would provide them with provisions. She said: Behold! the treatment that was meted out to my brother, Muhammad b. Abu Bakr, does not prevent me from telling you what I heard from the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). He said in this house of mine: O God, who (happens to) acquire some kind of control over the affairs of my people and is hard upon them-be Thou hard upon him, and who (happens to) acquire some kind of control over the affairs of my people and is kind to them-be Thou kind to him.
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 20, Hadith 4494)
AL-NAWAWI SAID :-
فيه أنه ينبغي أن يذكر فضل أهل الفضل ، ولا يمتنع منه لسبب عداوة ونحوها ، واختلفوا في صفة قتل محمد هذا ، قيل : في المعركة ، وقيل : بل قتل أسيرا بعدها
This indicates that we should mention the virtues of good people, and not refrain from doing so because we dislike them etc. They differed concerning the way in which this Muhammad was killed. It was said that he was killed in battle, and that he was killed as a prisoner of war after the battle.
(SHARH AN NAWAWI)
SOURCE OF SHARH AN NAWAWI :-
The governor in question here was Mu’aawiyah ibn Hudayj who killed Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr.
Allaah knows best.