IN DEFENCE OF IMAM ABU HANIFA (R.H)

iN the defence of imam abu haneefah IN DEFENCE OF IMAM ABU HANIFA (R.H)

CONTENTS.

1) INTRODUCTION.

2) PRAISES OF SOME MUHADDITHEEN.

3) REFUTATION OF SOME ACCUSATIONS AGAINST IMAM ABU HANIFA.

A) ACCUSATION THAT HE SAID QUR`AN IS CREATED I.E HE WAS A JAHMI.

B) ACCUSATION THAT HE WAS A MURJI.

C) ACCUSATION THAT HE REJECTED THE HADITH.

D) ACCUSATION THAT HE DEGRADED THE STATUS OF ABU BAKR RA.

4) WHY SOME SCHOLARS CRITICISED IMAM ABU HANIFA?

5) CONCLUSION.

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1) INTRODUCTION. :-

This article is refutation of those few lay people in the subcontinent who are accusing Imam Abu Hanifa day and night, and they even say he was a Kafir Naudhubillah, Their Dawah is only to criticise Imam Abu Hanifa, May Allah guide these people and may Allah fill their heart with true spirit of Islam ameen. In this article I will Insha`Allah prove from the scholars of the Salaf/Ahlul hadith/Ahlus sunnah that indeed Imam Abu Hanifa Rahimullah was pious and died as a Martyr.

Allah says

“That was a nation which has passed on. It will have [the consequence of] what it earned, and you will have what you have earned. And you will not be asked about what they used to do.

(SURAH AL BAQARAH 2 VERSE 134)

Narrated `Aisha:The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, “Don’t abuse the dead, because they have reached the result of what they forwarded.”

SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 2, Book 23, Hadith 476)

In fact this is command on us that that we should hide the mistakes of dead and show the virtues of them.

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said: Make a mention of the virtues of your dead, and refrain from (mentioning) their evils.

ABU DAWOOD (Book 42, Hadith 4882)
MUSTADRAK AL-HAAKIM (HADITH 1461)

SOURCE OF MUSTADRAK AL-HAAKIM :-

http://www.islamweb.net/newlibrary/display_book.php?flag=1&bk_no=74&ID=1319

Aisha ra asked in one of the gatherings regarding Yazeed bin Qais May Allah curse him- How is he? (Note that yazeed bin qais openly abused Aisha ra and he was leader of people against Uthman) People said he died. Listening this Aisha recited Astaghfar. People said you were criticizing him and now you are reciting astaghfar, what does that mean? Aisha repled that Prophet peace be upon him said: “Don’t abuse the dead, because they have reached the result of what they forwarded.

SAHEEH IBN HIBBAN (HADITH 3098)

SOURCE OF IBN HIBBAN :-

http://www.islamweb.net/hadith/display_hbook.php?bk_no=454&hid=3098&pid=384600

A’ishah reported the Messenger of Allah (May peace be upon him) as saying :When your companion dies, leave him and do not revile him.

ABU DAWOOD (Book 42, Hadith 4881)

Especially, When by abusing the dead living people feel hurt it is more worse.

Al-Mughirah bin Shu’bah narrated that the Messenger of Allah said:”Do not harm the dead (and) by that harm the living.”(Hasan)

SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 4, Book 1, Hadith 1982)

If there is no reason then it is forbidden to accuse dead. In fact according to some scholars if by saying something wrong to Non Muslim dead person and if it is hurting living people then it is not allowed to say something against a Kafir.

(SEE FATH AL-BAARI 3/258-259)

After this tamheed the personality of Imam Abu Hanifa May Allah be please with him is disputed among the scholars some of the scholars accused him due to some issues, There are some bad things attributed to Imam Abu Haneefah in the books. On the other hand some people go to extremes regarding him, If not by tongue, with their actions they make their creed that he was Infallible and they quote fabricated ahadeeth on his virtues. Both of these ways are rejected according to fair people of knowledge, The better opinion regarding Imam (abu haneefa) is that he was one of the great Imams of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamah, Follower of Quran and Sunnah and servant of Religion of Islam, and the scholar who defended Islam. He is not free from mistakes as well as he is not preacher of evil, kufr and innovation

see معیا ر حق کا مقدمہ از شیخ الکل میاں نذیر حسین محدث دہلوی
So In the era of books of trajim,history and seyar there is consensus of trustworthy Scholars of Ahlus sunnah, Whoever read the trustworthy books of history written in 6th and 7th Hijrah and after that he will agree with it.

I am quoting some references here:

IMAM AD-DAHABEE SAID :-

He was devoted, Practicing scholar, the one who worship, very Prestigious, never accepted the gifts from Kings but he himself did business and earn provisions.Imam ad-Dahabee wrote fifteen pages in his Seyar al Ailam al Nubala and he wrote only good about Imam, and he did not mentioned any word of accusation against him in fact he did not even mentioned signals that there is some kalam on Imam, then he wrote in the end

Shafiee said: People are children of Abu Haneefa in fiqh. I say: Fiqh and Deducing rulings from fiqh is clear from this Imam. This is something where there is no doubt. (Then dahabee writes the arabic poetry which means) Even If there is a need to provide evidence for emittance of the day, Then according to the people who have this type of mind nothing is authentic. Two volumes can be written on the life of Imam, this was the life of Imam. May Allah be please with him and shower his mercy on him. He was martyred in 150 Hijrah because someone gave him poison. He was 70 years old at that time

(SIYAR UL ALUM AN NABULA 6/403)

HAFIZ DAHABEE FURTHER SAID :-

Hafiz Dahabee wrote a short book on Tabqat ul Muhadditheen, in which he wrote the names of great Muhadditheen and Huffaz, he wrote ”
فھذہ مقدمۃ فی ذکر اسماء اعلام حملۃ الآثار النبویہ ”

(TABQAT UL MUHADDITHEEN 17)

This book has 27 tabqaat of Muhadditheen, The heading of 4th tabqa is “Tabqa of Al-Amash and Abi Haneefa” the name of Abu Haneefa is in this tabqa of muhadditheen

(TABQAT UL MUHADDITHEEN 51-57)

IBNE KATHIR SAID :-

Faqeeh of Iraq, one of the scholars of Islam, One of the leaders of Islam and one of those who seek, one of the four matbua Imams.Then he wrote praises of scholars on him in approximately one page

(AL BIDAYA WAL NIHAYA 10/110)

HAFIZ IBNE HAJAR ASQALANI SAID :-

Hafiz Ibne Hajar asqalani wrote approximately four pages in Tahzeeb at-Tahzeeb and he only mentioned good about Imam, he does not mentioned any bad thing against him. In fact he writes in the end There are many virtues of Imam Abu Haneefa May Allah shower his mercy and grant him pradise ameen

(TAHDEEB AT-TAHHEEB 10/102)

Note that all of these three scholars we mentioned are not hanafis, and there is no doubt in that all those sayings were in front them in detail from which it is proven insult of Imam Abu Haneefa, But these scholars did not point out these sayings in fact leaving of these all the sayings is the proof, according to these researchers the sayings are not fit for The Imam, his knowledge, cautiousness and taqwa.

HAFIZ AS-SUYUTI SAID :-

Hafiz as-Suyuti mentioned him in 5th tabqa in his book Tabqaat al-Huffaz and he didn’t quote single word against him

(TABQAAT AL-HUFFAZ 80-81)

IBNE KHILKAAN SAID :-

May Allah be please with him is the famous Imam and historian of the 7th century. He also mentioned only good about Imam Abu Haneefa May Allah be please with him in his book “Wafayat al-A’ayan”. He writes in one place He was a practicing Scholar, ascetic worshiper, devoted Pious , He was always focused and turned towards Allah Tala

(WAFAYAT AL-A’AYAN 5/406)

He did not mention single word against him. In fact he wrote it was better if Khateeb Baghdadi would not mention those words against the Imam.If we mention the quotes of other scholars then the topic would be too long, We only quoted five scholars who are trustworthy according to Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamah, specially weakness and authenticity of hadeeth is relied on the works of first three. Now these scholars did not even quote single word against the Imam is the evidence that these sayings against the Imam are worthy to be left. Allah knows best.

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2) PRAISES OF SOME MUHADDITHEEN. :-

IMAM YAZEED BIN HAROON AL WASTI (D 206 H) SAID :-

“I have seen many people. However, I have not seen anyone more intelligent, better and pious person than Abu hanifa.

(TAREEKH BAGHDAD VOL 13 PAGE 364 SHAYKH ZUBAIR ALI ZAI SAID CHAIN IS AUTHENTIC)

IMAM ABU DAWOOD SAID :-

May Allah bless Malik he was an Imam, May Allah bless Shafi’ee he was an Imam May Allah bless Abu hanifa he was an Imam

(AL INTEQA IBN E ABDUL BARR PAGE 32 AUTHENTICATED BY SHAYKH ZUBAIR ALI ZAI)

IMAM HAAKIM SAID :-

Imam Haakim an-Nishaapuri mentioned the name of Imam Abu Hanifa in Itteba Tabiyeen

(MA’RIFATU U’LOOMIL HADITH, PAGE 255 DAR UL KUTB ILMIYAH BEIRUT LEBANON)

He compiled a section regarding the famous reliable Imams and muhadditheen from Tabiyeen and Itteba Tabiyeen, as He said in his kitab Ma’rifa-tu-U’loomil Hadith.

And Under the muhadditheen of Iraq, he mentions the name of Imam Abu Hanifa Rahimullah

(MA’RIFATU U’LOOMIL HADITH, PAGE 245 DAR UL KUTB ILMIYAH BEIRUT LEBANON)

He mentioned his name with the likes of Imam Ahmad and Sufiyan Thawri..

(MA’RIFATU U’LOOMIL HADITH, PG 259 DAR UL KUTB ILMIYAH BEIRUT LEBANON)

Muftis of Islamweb quoted that “the scholars who considered him as trustworthy and praised him are much more than those who degraded him, as stated by Ibn Abdul-Barr and the matter settled down on praising him and eulogizing him”.[Islamweb fatwa “The status of Imam Abu Haneefah”

SHAYKH ZUBAIR ALI ZAI SAID :-

The praise of Imam Abu Hanifa is also proven from Hakam bin Hasham,Qadhi Abdullah bin Shabrama, Shaqeeq al Balkhi, Abdul Razzaq bin Hammam author of Al-Musannif, Hafidh Ibn Abdul Barr, Dahabee and others.

(MAJALLAH AL HADEETH NO: 64 PAGE 11)

SHAYKH UL ISLAM IBNE TAYMIYAH :-

Shaykh ul Ilsam Ibne Tamiyah wrote whole book “رفع الملام عن الأئمة
الأعلام” Refutation of accusations on famous Imams.

SHAYKH SALEH BIN ABDUL AZIZ AL SHAYKH :-

Shaykh Saleh bin Abdul Aziz Al Shaykh has written whole fatwa on accusation on Imam Abu Hanifa and accused those who accuse Imam see here


http://www.islamweb.net/fatwa/index.php?page=showfatwa&Option=FatwaId&Id=120446.

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3) REFUTATION OF SOME ACCUSATIONS AGAINST IMAM ABU HANIFA. :-

A) ACCUSATION THAT HE SAID QUR`AN IS CREATED I.E HE WAS A JAHMI.

B) ACCUSATION THAT HE WAS A MURJI.

C) ACCUSATION THAT HE REJECTED THE HADITH.

D) ACCUSATION THAT HE DEGRADED THE STATUS OF ABU BAKR RA.

A) ACCUSATION THAT HE SAID QUR`AN IS CREATED I.E HE WAS A JAHMI. :-

First of all this accusation was also on Imam Bukhari, Imam Musallama bin Qasim said The opinion of Bukhari (author of al saheeh) was that Qur`an is created, because of this wrong infrormation Imam of Ahlus sunnah Abu Zur`a al-Razi rejected the ahadeeth of Imam Bukhari

(SEE AL JARHA WA TADEEL 3/2/191)

HAFIDH IBNE HAJAR ASQALANI SAID :-

Hafidh Ibn e Hajar Asqalani defended and said Saying of Musallama that Bukhari said Qur`an is created is strange, No one said that before him .

(TAHDEEB AT TAHDEEB 9/36)

NOTE :-

According to shaykh Zubair Ali Zai, Imam Abu Zur`a took his verdicts back on Imam Bukhari And shaykh quoted his (Abu Zura`s) other saying after knowing that Bukhari never believed this, and he praised Imam Bukhari.

SAME WAY SHAYKH UL ISLAM IBNE TAMIYAH DEFENDED THE CREED OF IMAM ABU HANEEFA (R.H) BY SAYING.

“Verily all of the famous four imaams affirmed the Attributes of Allaah the Exalted, and they said that the Qur’aan was the Word of Allaah, it was not created, and they said that Allaah will be seen in the Hereafter. This is the way of the Companions and those who followed them in goodness, from the Ahlu l- Bayt (family of the Prophet) and other than them; and this is the way of the imaams who came afterwards like Maalik Ibn Anas (d.179H), ath-Thawree (d.161H), and Layth Ibn Sa’d (d.175H) and al-Awzaa’ee (d.157H), and Abee Haneefah, and ash-Shaafi’ee, and Ahmad.

(MINHAAJUS-SUNNAH 2/106 OF IBN TAYMIYYAH)

SCAN :-



IMAM AT-TAHAWI HANAFI (321 H) SAID :-

Imam At-Tahawi Hanafi wrote whole book on the aqeedah of Imam Abu Haneefa, he wrote This is the representation of Aqeedah of Ahlus sunnah wal Jama’ah on the school of thought of Jurists like Imam Abu Haneefa an-Noman bin Thabit al-Kufi, Abu Yusaf Yaqoob bin Ibraheem al-Ansari and Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin al-Hasan ash-Shaibani May Allah be pleased with them all, and what is the aqeedah of these (scholars) on Asool al deen

(MUQADDIMAH AQEEDAH AT-TAHAWIYAH PAGE 1)

IMAM AT-TAHAWI SAID REGARDING AQEEDAH OF IMAM ABU HANIFA. :-

36: THE QURAN IS THE WORD OF ALLAH

Imam Ibn abi al Izz Hanafi commented on above statement .It is not created like the speech of Human being. Whoever hears it and Thinks it is the speech of Man is a Infidel.

(SHARAH AQEEDAH AT-TAHAWIYAH PAGE 96)

COMMENT :-

Imam at-Tahawi and Imam Ibn Abi al Izz were great Hanafi Imams and they knew the stance of Imam Abu Hanifa. Now see explicit statements from Imam Abu Hanifa in refutation of Jahmiyah

IMAM DAHABEE SAID :-


اخرج ابو حاتم فى السنه قال حدثنا احمد بن محمد بن مسلم حدثنا على بن الحسن الكراعي قال قال ابو يوسف ناظرت ابا حنيفه ستة اشهر فاتفق راينا على ان من قال أن القرآن مخلوق فهو كافر

Abu Yusaf said I debated with Abu Hanifa 6 months” Our opinion matched on the statement that whoever says Qur`an is created is a disbeliever.”

(AL ULUW BY DAHABEE PAGE 152. SHAYKH AL-BANI SAID CHAIN IS GOOD IN MUKHTASAR AL ULUW PAGE 155)

SCAN FROM MUKHTASAR AL ULUW BY IMAM AL-BANI :-

https://islaahh.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/pqaaaab1o6o7ifh34hbgebhu0bggvyqp6lfyaovclolt3n4ukj78x0-ej76jej4llihdi-snlrw6yfyxdkmuqxaufvcam1t1ulxnlch-hmfsupye_ayzu8r-mdnh.jpg

NOTE :-

Some ignorant lay people claim that Abu Yusaf is weak in hadith so his saying is not evidence and they rely on the tehqeeq on Abu Yusaf by Shaykh Zubair Ali Zai. I want to tell those lay people that even Shaykh Zubair Ali Zai after doing Jarh and Tadeel of Imams on Abu Yusaf, Shaykh mentioned the good sayings of Abu Yusaf and said “Chain is authentic”

(SEE MAJALLAH AL-HADITH NO:19 PAGE 55)

So when we can take those sayings then we can also take this saying on Imam Abu Hanifa where he said Imam repented Alhumdulillah.

IMAM BAIHAQI MENTIONED WITH HIS CHAIN


وقرأت في كتاب أبي عبد الله محمد بن محمد بن يوسف بن إبراهيم الدقاق بروايته عن القاسم بن أبي صالح الهمذاني ، عن محمد بن أيوب الرازي ، قال : سمعت محمد بن سابق ، يقول : سألت أبا يوسف ، فقلت : أكان أبو حنيفة يقول القرآن مخلوق ؟ ، قال : معاذ الله ، ولا أنا أقوله ، فقلت : أكان يرى رأي جهم ؟ فقال : معاذ الله ولا أنا أقوله رواته ثقات

Muhammad bin Sabiq said I asked abu Yusaf, I said, wether Abu Hanifa said Qur`an is created? He Said May Allah forbid, neither did i say. I(Muhammad bin Sabiq) said wether his opinion is with the opinion of Jaham? He (abu Yusaf) said May Allah Forbid. Neither i am

ASMA WAS-SIFFAT BAIHAQI (HADITH 561)

Imam Baihaqi Said Narrators are trustworthy.

SOURCE :-

http://www.islamweb.net/hadith/display_hbook.php?bk_no=666&pid=329587&hid=561

SHAYKH AMR ABDUL MUNIM SALEEM SAID :

Imam Abu Jafar At-Tahawi trusted this in the creed of of Abu Haneefa famous with the name of “Aqeedah at- Tahawiyah”

(SEE AL-IMAM ABU HANIFA AND SAYING OF QUR’AN IS CREATED ATTRIBUTED TO HIM PAGE 38)

IMAM ABU HANEEFA HIMSELF REFUTED JAHMIS

Abu Yusaf said Abu Haneefa said: There are two types of evil people in Khurasaan (1) Jahmiyah and (2) Mushabbiha..


(TAREEKH BAGHDAD 13/382 AUTHENTICATED BY AMR ABDUL MUNIM SALEEM IN AL-IMAM ABU HANIFA AND SAYING OF QUR`AN IS CREATED ATTRIBUTED TO HIM PAGE 24)

IBN ABDUL BARR QUOTED WITH HIS CHAIN


قال أبو يعقوب نا أبو حامد أحمد بن إبراهيم قال نا سهيل بن عامر قال سمعت بشر بن الوليد يقول : كنا عند أمير المؤمنين المأمون فقال إسماعيل بن أبي حنيفة القرآن مخلوق وهو رأيي ورأي آبائي قال بشر بن الوليد : أما رأيك فنعم وأما رأي آبائك فلا

Bashr bin Waleed said Ismaieel bin Abi Hanifa said “The Qur’an is created and that is my view and the view of my fathers,” whereupon Bishr ibn al-Walid said to him: “It may be your view but it is certainly not the view of your fathers.

(AL-INTEQAA PAGE 166)

COMMENT :-

The name of Ismaeel is, Ismaeel bin Hammad bin Abi Hanifa who was grand son of Imam Abu Hanifa, His opinion was rejected by Bashr bin Waleed who is direct student of Qazi Abu Yusaf and Imam Malik

(SEE SEYAR AILAM NUBALA UNDER HIS BIOGRAPHY).

IMAM AHMAD BIN HUMBLE SAID :-


وقال النخعي حدثنا أبو بكر المروذي قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله أحمد بن حنبل يقول لم يصح عندنا أن أبا حنيفة كان يقول القرآن مخلوق

It is not true according to me that Abu Haneefa said Qur`an is created

(TAREEKH BAGHDAD 13/384 AUTHENTICATED BY SHAYKH ALI BIN RASHEED AL UFREE)

COMMENT :-

People quote As-Sunnah by Abdullah bin Ahmad bin Humble, Most of the chains against Abu Hanifa in the book are weak Shaykh Amr Abdul Munim talked in detail about those narrations in his Book Abu Hanifa and saying of Qur`an is created attributed to him, Imam Ahmad bin Humble himself said Abu Haneefa did not say this.

NOTE :-

IMAM AHMAD SAID :-

I think Abu Hanifa said This (Quran) is creation, which is his dhan,

(AS-SUNNAH NO 265 )

But the narration presented above Imam Ahmad is telling with yaqeen that Abu Hanifa did not say this. There is nothing to clear now Alhumdulillah everything is clear i.e Imam Abu Hanifa was not a Jahmi, he himself refuted Jahmies

SHAYKH MUHAMMAD IBN ‘ABDUR-RAHMAAN AL-KHUMAYYIS SAID :-

Imaam Aboo Haneefah declared that the Qur’aan was sent down, it was not created. So he said, “And the Qur’aan is not created. And he also said, “And we affirm that the Qur’aan is the Speech of Allaah the Exalted, it is not created. However, al-Kawtharee said that the Qur’aan was created and that there was no difference between him and the Mu’tazilah with regards to its nature being created.

(TAKEN FROM THE CREED OF THE FOUR IMAMS)

COMMENT :-

Above is clear cut reply, Abu Hanifa Rahimullah himself said Qur`an is not Creation, Shaykh ul Islam Ibne Tamiyah defended his aqeedah, what else these people who accuse him want now? Maybe he said that before but than he repented and agreed with his student Abu Yusaf after watching the truth.Here is another evidence


قال النخعي: حدثنا محمد بن شاذان الجوهري قال: سمعت أبا سليمان الجوزجاني، ومعلى بن منصور الرازي يقولان: ما تكلم أبو حنيفة ولا أبو يوسف، ولا زفر، ولا محمد، ولا أحد من أصحابهم في القرآن، وإنما تكلم في القرآن بشر المريسي، وابن أبي دؤاد، فهؤلاء شانوا أصحاب أبي حنيفة

Muhammad bin Shazaan al-Johri said: I heard Abu Suleman Jozhani and Ma`li bin Mansoor al-Razi: They said Abu Hanifa did not talk about Qur`an, neither Abu Yusaf, nor Zafar nor Muhammad, not a single companion (of Abu Hanifa). Rather Bashar a;-Maraisi and Ibn Abi Dawood talked about Quran…

(TAREEKH BAGHDAD 13/384 AMR ABDUL MUNIM SALEEM SAID”CHAIN IS AUTHENTIC” IN AL-IMAM ABU HANIFA AND SAYING OF QUR’AN IS CREATED ATTRIBUTED TO HIM PAGE 45)

COMMENT :-

This is clear from students of Abu Yusaf that their teachers never spoke about Quran is created rather they were Ibn Abi Dawood and Bashar al-Maraisi who said Quran is created. Imam ad-Darami also wrote a refutation of Bashar al-Maraisi on this issue.

IMAM YAZEED BIN HAROON DID NOT COSIDER ABU HANIFA A JAHMI

Ishaaq bin Behlol said i asked Yazeed bin Haroon regarding praying behind Jahmiya, He replied: No. I asked regarding praying behing Murjiya. He replied: They are Khubatha

(KITAB AL-SUNNAH NO:55)

COMMENT :-

Here we can see that Imam Yazeed bin Haroon considered them Khubatha. How can he praise a person to whom he consider a khabeeth?

IMAM YAZEED BIN HAROON (D 206 H) SAID :-

“I have seen many people. However, I have not seen anyone more intelligent, better and pious person than Abu hanifa.

(TAREEKH BAGHDAD VOL 13 PAGE 364 SHAYKH ZUBAIR ALI ZAI SAID CHAIN IS AUTHENTIC)

HERE IS THE CRUX FROM IMAM AHMAD, IBN TAYMIYAH (MAY ALLAAH HAVE MERCY ON HIM) SAID

Imam Ahmad (may Allaah be pleased with him) prayed for mercy for them (i.e., the caliphs who were influenced by the view of the Jahamis who claimed that the Qur’aan was created, and supported it) and prayed for forgiveness for them, because he knew that it was not clear to them that they were disbelieving the Messenger and denying what he had brought, rather they misinterpreted and erred, and followed those who said that to them.

(MAJMOO’ AL-FATAAWA 23/349)

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B) ACCUSATION THAT HE WAS A MURJI.


حدثني أبو الفضل الخراساني ، حدثني إبراهيم بن شماس السمرقندي ، قال قال رجل لابن المبارك ونحن عنده « إن أبا حنيفة كان مرجئا يرى السيف » ، فلم ينكر عليه ذلك ابن المبارك

Someone Asked Abdullah bin Mubarak (rah) that Abu Hanifah (rah) was Murji who used to allow Sword against the Ruler of the time, so he didn’t deny it.

(KITAB AL SUNNAH VOL 1 PAGE 201)

apart from that people quote from Tareekh al Kabir that Bukhari said Abu Hanifa was a Murji.

RESPONSE :-

As for Revolt against leaders then it is mentioned in Fiqh Books that revolt against leader is not allowed according to Imam

وإذا قلد عدلا ثم جار وفسق لا ينعزل ; ولكن يستحب العزل إن لم يستلزم فتنة ; ويجب أن يدعى له ; ولا يجب الخروج عليه ; كذا عن أبي حنيفة ، وكلمتهم قاطبة

(RADD AL MUKHTAR AND ASOOL AL DEEN BY BAZDAWI PAGE 190)

SOURCE :-

http://www.islamweb.net/newlibrary/display_book.php?flag=1&bk_no=27&ID=724

IMAM AT-TAHAWI SAID REGARDING THE STANCE OF IMAM ABU HANIFA IN AQEEDAH TAHAWIYAH REGARDING REVOLT

81: We do not believe in revolt against our leaders and rulers even if they commit injustice, nor do we pray against them, or defy their orders. On the contrary we believe that obedience is a duty and part of our obedience to Allah, so long as they do not order something sinful. We pray for their saftey and piety.

(AQEEDAH AT-TAHAWIYAH)

ALI IBN ABI AL ‘IZZ AL-HANAFI SAID :-

“It is much better to stick to obeying the rulers even if they are oppressors, because rebellion against them will cause even greater strife. Being patient with them will be an expiation for misdeeds and increase rewards.

(COMMENTARY OF AQEEDAH TAHAWIYAH PAGE 339)

Shaykh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdur-Rahmaan al-Khumayyis and other scholars said he changed his opinion and this is accepted by Tahawi Hanafi and he quotes statements attributed to Imam Abu Hanifa on this issue see Asool al-Din According to Imam Abu Hanifa page 564 to 569 http://www.dorar.net/book_index/7078

This is also accepted by Allamah Aini Hanafi.

ALLAMAH AINI HANAFI SAID :-

“This indicates that the ruler is not to be removed due to impiety or wrongdoing. It is not allowed to remove him from his rule for that.

(UMDAH AL-QAARI, VOL. 24, P. 178.)

As for Actions are included in Iman or not than,

SHAYKH MUHAMMAD IBN ‘ABDUR-RAHMAAN AL-KHUMAYYIS SAID :-

Indeed it has been mentioned by Ibn ‘Abdul-Barr and Ibn Abil-‘Izz that Imaam Aboo Haneefah retracted this statement, and Allaah knows best (Refer to at-Tamheed (9/247) of Ibn ‘Abdul-Barr, and Sharhul-‘Aqeedatit-Tahaawiyyah (p. 359) of Ibn Abil-‘Izz al-Hanafee)

(TAKEN FROM THE CREED OF THE FOUR IMAMS THE STATEMENTS OF IMAAM ABOO HANEEFAH CONCERNING AL-EEMAAN)

Even if someone do not want to believe than it is called murji’at ul fuqahaa’ and ‘the murjiah of ahl us sunnah’. They are from ahl us Sunnah but this slight mistake occurred from them;And this does not decrease Imaam Abu Haneefah’s status as said by Shaykh Salih al-Fawzan [Explanation of Lu’mat ul I’tiqaad p 312]

SHAYKH UL ISLAM IBN TAMIYAH SAID :-

no one from the salaf ever did takfir on Murjia al-Fuqaha

(KITAB AL IMAN BY SHAYKH UL ISLAM IBNE TAMIYAH PAGE 337, MAJMOO FATAWA 7/297)

Muftis of Islamweb states that “As regards what is attributed to Abu Haneefah about Irjaa’ (i.e. saying that ‘Eemaan [faith] is the affirmation of the heart and the saying the tongue, and that deeds [actions] are not an integral part of ‘Eemaan), then Shaykh Ibn Taymiyyah had explained it in his book entitled Al-Eemaan Al-Kabeer, and he clarified that the difference of opinion between him (Abu Haneefah) and the majority of the scholars is a verbal difference (i.e. it is just in wording and merely in form and not in meaning); although he did not include the deeds in the term of ‘Eemaan, yet he agreed with the majority of the scholars in making the obligation obligatory and the prohibition prohibited and that one deserves a reward for fulfilling an obligation and refraining from a prohibition like he deserves a punishment for doing the opposite.(Islamweb fata “The status of Imam Abu Haneefah”

ALI IBN ABI AL ‘IZZ AL-HANAFI SAID :-

والاختلاف الذي بين أبي حنيفة والأئمة الباقين من أهل السنة – اختلاف صوري . فإن كون أعمال الجوارح لازمة لإيمان القلب ، أو جزءا من الإيمان ، مع الاتفاق على أن مرتكب الكبيرة لا يخرج من الإيمان ، بل هو في مشيئة الله ، إن شاء عذبه ، وإن شاء عفا عنه – : نزاع لفظي ، لا يترتب عليه فساد اعتقاد . والقائلون بتكفير تارك الصلاة ، ضموا إلى هذا الأصل أدلة أخرى . وإلا فقد نفى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم الإيمان عن الزاني والسارق وشارب الخمر والمنتهب ، ولم يوجب ذلك زوال اسم الإيمان عنهم بالكلية ، اتفاقا

The difference between Imam Abu Hnaifa and others imams of Ahlus sunnah is not substantial. For Abu Hanifa the action of the body are necessary consequences of faith in the heart; for others they are part of faith; but all of them believe that one who commits a major sin does not thereby cease to be a Muslim; he is at the mercy of Allah, who may forgive him or punish him, as He wills. Their difference is merely a matter of semantics, which does not materially affect Iman. Those who judge that one who does not offer prayer is an infidel cite other reasons besides reiterating this principle, for the Prophet peace be upon him denied Iman for the fornicator, the adulterer, the thief, the drinker and the fornicator they were not dubbed non believers. This is point on which all are agreed.

(COMMENTARY OF AQEEDAH TAHAWIYAH PAGE 283-284)

SOURCE :-

http://www.islamweb.net/newlibrary/display_book.php?flag=1&bk_no=106&ID=218

COMMENT :-

Shaykh alIslam Ibn Tamiya, Imam Ibn abi al Izz and Ibn Abdul Barr knew more than these people who are criticizing Imam Abu Hanifa Rahimullah, Even Shaykh Nasir ud-din Al-alBani Rahimullah was accused for Irjaa, But Muhadditheen and scholars and Jurists defended him, for example Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen Rahimullah defended him, see here

http://www.salafipublications.com/sps/sp.cfm?subsecID=MSC06&articleID=MSC060010&articlePages=1

Same is the case here, people attributed lies on Imam Abu Hanifa Rahimullah and scholars issued the fatwa based on the things attributed to Imam.

SEE ALSO

http://www.islamweb.net/fatwa/index.php?page=showfatwa&Option=FatwaId〈=A&Id=43484

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

C) ACCUSATION THAT HE REJECTED THE HADITH. :-

أَخْبَرَنَا الْفَضْلُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ بِهَمَذَانَ ، قَالَ : حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَاهَانَ ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُيَيْنَةَ ، قَالَ : حَدَّثْتُ أَبَا حَنِيفَةَ بِحَدِيثٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ عَلَيْهِ الصَّلاةُ وَالسَّلامُ ، فَقَالَ : بَلْ عَلَى هَذَا

Sufiyan bin Uainiyah said I narrated a hadith in front of abu haneefa he said بَلْ عَلَى هَذَا.

(KITAB AL MAJROHEEN IBNE HIBBAN)

RESPONSE :-

1) YAHYA BIN ABDULLAH BIN MAHAN IS DISPUTED OVER,

IBNE HAJAR SAID :-

Abul Fath Azdi said he is not evidence

(LISAN AL-MIZAN)

Further Yahya is not in the students of Sufiyan, he is narrating from (an) so it is munqata.

NOTE :-

Abul Fath Azdi is himself criticised by scholars. Yahya bin Abdullah is trustworthy according to Khalili [See his al Irshad] But the Muhaqqiq said ولم أقف له على ترجمة عند غير المؤلف)

2) The text is very Odd.

3) No where it says it was an authentic hadeeth, it was surely a fabricated hadith, that’s why abu Hanifa rejected that because in his authentic narrations Abu Hanifa accepted the hadith and left his fatwa, proof for that is

It is Narrated by Imam Abu Awana Wazah bin Abdullah that he was in the company of (Imam) Abu Haneefa, A letter came from a Qadhi To him (Abu Haneefa ra) in which there were some Questions (regarding when the hands of theif should be cut off)

Abu Haneefa ra said Write, cut off, Cut off (the hand). He(Abu haneefa) even said Regarding(theif of) Palm Tree and dates, Write Cut off (the Hands). I (Abu Awanah) Said wait, Prophet Peace be upon him said: لا قطع في ثمر ولا كثر Hands should not be Cut in the Theft of Fruit… He (Abu Haneefa) said: Cut this (my Fatwa) and Write (Hand) Should not be cut off

(الطيوريات vol 3 page 971 hadeeth 903 The Muhaqqiqeen of the Book الطيوريات says: In This Chain Abu Al Hasan Deebaji, Darqutni said He is Shaykh Saleh, And other Narrators are Trustworthy and then Muhaqiqeen went on and said This narration is evidence that Hadeeth has priority over Fatwa (taken from Al Hadeeth by Shaykh Zubair Ali Zai no:52 page 50 under the Topic True Stories Sachay Qissay)

SCAN OF الطيوريات

ANOTHER TRUE STORY OF IMAM ABU HANIFA AND HIS LOVE FOR AUTHENTIC AHADITH.


إبراهيم بن طهمان يقول أتيت المدينة فكتبت بها ثم قدمت الكوفة فأتيت أبا حنيفة في بيته فسلمت عليه فقال لي عمن كتبت هناك فسميت له فقال هل كتبت عن مالك بن أنس شيئا فقلت نعم فقال جئني بما كتبت عنه فأتيته به فدعا بقرطاس ودواة فجعلت أملي عليه وهو يكتب

Ibrahim bin Tahmaan rah said, I went to Madeenah and wrote their ahadeeth and after that i went to Kufa in the house of Abu Hanifa and said Salaam to him. He (Abu Hanifa) asked me (in Madeenah) from whom you have written ahadeeth? then I told him the name. He asked: did you write anything from Malik bin Anas? I said Yes, then he said, bring to me what you have written and i brought. He then asked for paper and ink and i kept on dictating and he kept on writing ahadith.

(AL JARH WA TAD’EEL 1/3 AUTHENTICATED BY SHAYKH ZUBAIR ALI ZAI)

SHAIK ZUBAIR SAID :-

Three things are proven from this true story

1) Imam Abu Hanaifa considered Imam Mailk trustworthy and favourite.

2) Imam Abu Hanifa used to love ahadeeth.

3) Imam Abu Hanifa was student of students of Imam Malik. May Allah have mercy on him.

(MAJALLAH NO.96 PAGE NO 10)

SHAYKH NASIRUDDIN AL-BANI RAHIMULLAH SAID :-

The first of them is Abu Haneefah Nu’maan ibn Thaabit, whose companions have narrated from him various sayings and diverse warnings, all of them leading to one thing: the obligation to accept the Hadeeth, and to give up following the opinions of the imaams which contradict it:

1. “When a hadeeth is found to be saheeh, then that is my madhhab.”

2. “It is not permitted for anyone to accept our views if they do not know from where we got them.”

In one narration, “It is prohibited for someone who does not know my evidence to give verdicts24 on the basis of my words.”

Another narration adds, “… for we are mortals: we say one thing one day, and take it back the next day.”

In another narration, “Woe to you, O Ya’qub! Do not write down everything you hear from me, for it happens that I hold one opinion today and reject it tomorrow, or hold one opinion tomorrow and reject it the day after tomorrow.”

3. “When I say something contradicting the Book of Allaah the Exalted or what is narrated from the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), then ignore my saying.”

(PROPHET PRAYER BY SHAYKH ALBANI)

SHAYKH ZUBAIR ALI ZAI SAID :-

This is reality and proven from Imam Abu Hanifa that he went with ahadith.

(DEEN ME TAQLID KA MASLA PAGE 21)

COMMENT :-

Abu Haneefa ra was not baised in his opinion, when ever he found authentic hadeeth he immediatly left his Fatwa ALHUMDULILLAH, MAY ALLAH GRANT HIM JANNAH AMEEN

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________

D) ACCUSATION THAT HE DEGRADED THE STATUS OF ABU BAKR RA. :-

Abu Ishaq al Fazari says that Abu Hanifa use to say that faith of Ibless and faith of Abu bakar are one. Abu Bakar said: o God. and Ibless said: o God

(AL-SUNNAH BY ABDULLAH BIN AHMAD IBN HANBAL,VOL 1,PG 219,H 370 & 371)

RESPONSE

Same narration is mentioned by Khateeb from Abu Ishaq Fazari that

Fazari said Abu Hanifa said the eeman of Adam and Iblees was one. Iblees said ( “My Lord, because You have put me in error,) and Iblees said “My Lord, then reprieve me until the Day they are resurrected.” and Adam said “Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves”

First thing, is that there is some problem in the text of the narration. Abu Tooba from Abu Ishaq Fazari narrated the words of Abu Bakr ra whereas Abu Saleh narrated from Abu Ishaq fazari the words of Adam peace be upon him.

Second thing is that Iblees did believe in existence of God because he asked permission by saying “MY LORD”, but he is perished because he rejected to follow Allah. While Adam peace be upon him believed in the existence of God plus He followed Allah`s orders. So as far as Eeman in existence of Allah even a child knows that even Shaitan Mal`oon believes that.

Now i want to quote Summary of Biography of Imam Abu Hanifa mentioned by the great student of Shaykh ul Islam Ibn Tamiyah, Imam ad-Dahabee

Imam Abu Haneefah is the great faqeeh and scholar of Iraq, Abu Haneefah al-Nu’maan ibn Thaabit al-Taymi al-Kufi. He was born in the year 80 AH, during the lifetime of some of the younger Sahaabah and saw Anas ibn Maalik when he came to them in Kufa. He narrated from ‘Ata’ ibn Abi Rabaah, who was his greatest Shaykh, and from al-Shu’bi and many others.He was concerned with seeking reports and he traveled for that purpose. With regard to fiqh and examining and analyzing reports, he was the ultimate and people depended on him in that, as Imam al-Dhahabi said: “It would take two volumes to tell the story of his life, may Allaah be pleased with him and have mercy on him.”He was an imam who was eloquent and well spoken. His student Abu Yoosuf described him as follows: “He was the most well-spoken of the people and the most clear in expressing himself. He was pious and very protective with regard to transgression of the sacred limits of Allaah. He was offered worldly gains and a great deal of wealth, but he turned his back on it. He was whipped to force him to accept the position of judge or controller of the bayt al-maal (treasury of the Islamic state) but he refused.Many people narrated reports from him, and he died as a martyr of dropsy in 150 AH at the age of seventy.

(SIYAR A’LAAM AL-NUBALA BY AD-DAHABEE, 6/390-403; USOOL AL-DEEN ‘INDA AL-IMAM ABU HANEEFAH, BY MUHAMMAD BIN ABDUL RAHMAN AL-KHAMEES P. 63)

IMAM AD-DHAHABEE SAID :-

If a major imam is mostly correct and is known for seeking the truth, and he has deep knowledge and is known to be intelligent, righteous, pious and keen to follow the Sunnah, he will be forgiven for his mistakes, and we should not regard him as misguided or shun him and forget about his good points. But we should not follow him in his innovations and mistakes, and we hope that he will repent from them.

(SIYAR A’LAAM AL-NUBALA’ 5/271)

LASTLY I WANT TO QUOTE IMAM AT-TAHAWI

أجمع أهل العلم على أن لا ينقلوا ذلك، وعلى أن لا يذكروا الإمام أبا حنيفة إلا بالخير والجميل

(now) This is consensus (Ijma) of THE PEOPLE OF KNOWLEDGE not to mention Imam Abu Hanifa but with the good and beautiful.

(QUOTED BY SHAYKH SAALEH BIN ABDUL AZIZ AAL E SHAYKH RAHIMULLAH IN HIS MAJAALIS SHARAH AQEEDAH TAHAWIYA)

SOURCE :-

HTTP://WWW.ISLAMWEB.NET/FATWA/INDEX.PHP?PAGE=SHOWFATWA&OPTION=FATWAID&ID=120446

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4) WHY SOME SCHOLARS CRITICISED IMAM ABU HANIFA? :-

SHAYKH SALEH BIN ABDUL AZIZ AAL E SHAYKH RAHIMULLAH REPLIED :-

وعبد الله بن الإمام أحمد في وقته كانت الفتنة في خلق القرآن كبيرة، وكانوا يستدلون فيها بأشياء تنسب لأبي حنيفة وهو منها براء، خلق القرآن، وكانت تنسب إليه أشياء ينقلها المعتزلة من تأويل الصفات إلى آخره مما هو منها براء، وبعضها انتشر في الناس ونقل لبعض العلماء فحكموا بظاهر القول

At the time of Abdullah bin Imam Ahmad: the Fitna of Khalaq alQuran was at its peak. And people would deduce rulings from the things attributed to Abu Hanifa, in fact abu hanifa was completly innocent from the creed of Aqeeda Khalq al Quran. There were some other things attributed to him used by Mutazilla for taweel of siffaat (of Allah)from which Abu Hanifa was completly innocent. And some things (attributed to him) were widely spread in the awaam that even scholars quoted them and criticised on the apparent sayings.

(MAJALIS SHARAH AQEEDAH TAHAWIYAH OF SHAYKH SALEH BIN ABDUL AZIZ ALL E SHAYKH)

SOURCE :-

http://www.islamweb.net/fatwa/index.php?page=showfatwa&Option=FatwaId&Id=120446

SHAYKH UL ISLAM IBN TAMIYAH SAID :-

“There is no doubt regarding Imam Abu Hanifah’s(Raheemullah) knowledge, people later attributed many lies to Imam Abu Hanifah (Raheemullah), which were all untrue. The aim of such writings was to taint Imam AbuHanifah(Raheemullah).”

(MINHAAJ AS SUNNAH AL NABAWIYAH, VOL./1, PAGE. 259)

COMMENT :-

Because of the false propaganda against Imam Abu Hanifa some scholars issued fatwa against him while on the other hand some scholars praised him because they knew that Imam Abu Hanifa is follower of authentic sunnah. There are some other scholars who used to praise Imam Abu Hanifa but after the false propaganda they issued fatwa against him. The sayings of Ibn Tamiya ra and Shaykh Saaleh ra is supported by the example of Abdullah bin Mubarak. He used to praise Imam Abu Hnaifa but when people attributed lies on Imam Abu Hanifa that he said Quran is created and he allowed sword on Muslims then he rejected his hadith. Below are the sayings:

ABDULLAH IBN MUBARAK SAID :-

The biggest faqeeh in the people is Abu Hanifa I have never seen anyone like him in fiqh

(TAREEKH BAGHDAD 13/343)

HE ALSO SAID :-

When Sufiyan and Abu Hanifa gather together (in a fatwa) then who has the power to give fatwa against them?

(TAREEKH BAGHDAD 13/343)

IMAM IBN ABDUL BARR SAID :-

There are many narrations from Abdullah bin Mubarak in praise of Abu Hanifa. Others and Abu Yaqoob mentioned those in his book

(AL-INTEQA IBN ABDUL BARR 207)

But after the propaganda of some mutazilies and other people Abdullah bin Mubarak left Imam abu Hanifa in his last days. There is even a narration where Abdullah bin Mubarak said “whoever reads Kitab ul hayl of Abu Hanifa, he will consider haram things made by Allah as halal and halal things as haram”

(TAREEKH BAGHDAD 13/404)

This is a clear proof that after reading a false book attributed to Imam Abu Hanifa he changed his stance regarding Imam. Otherwise he used to say “I have not seen anyone like him in fiqh”. This is same like when some people asked some questions from Ibn Abbas ra, he asked to give him the orders of Ali ra. But after reading them Ibn Abbas ra said, These are not his orders. If he would order these then he would be a deviant.[Muqaddima Sahih Muslim] At the time of Ali ra people considered those orders as if they were really from Ali ra, But it was wrong.

IMAM AD-DAHABEE SAID :-

اختلفو فی حدیثیہ علی قولین فمنھم من قبلہ وراہ حجۃ ومنھم من لینہ لکثرۃ غلطہ فی الحدیث لیس الا
قال علی بن المدینی : قیل لیحیی بن سعید القطان کیف کان حدیث ابی حنیفۃ قال:لم یکن بصاحب حدیث
قلت: لم یصرف الامام ھمتہ لضبط الالفاظ والاسناد ،وانماکانت ھمتہ القران والفقہ ،وکذلک حال کل من اقبل علی فن فانہ یقصر عن غیرہ
ومن ثم لینوا حدیث جماعۃ من ائمۃ القراء کحفص،وقالون،وحدیث جماعۃ من الفقہاء کابن ابی لیلی ،وعثمان البتی،وحدیث جماعۃ من الزہاد کفرقد السبخی،وشقیق البلخی ،وحدیث جماعۃ من النحاۃ ،وماذاک لضعف فی عدالۃ الرجل،بل لقلۃ اتقانہ للحدیث،ثم ھوانبل من ان یکذب
وقال ابن معین فیمارواہ عنہ صالح بن محمد جزرۃ وغیرہ،ابوحنیفہ ثقہ ،
وقال احمد بن محمد بن القاسم بن محرز،عن یحیی بن معین: لاباس بہ۔وقال ابوداؤد السجسستانی:رحم اللہ مالکاکان اماما،رحم اللہ اباحنیفہ کان اماما۔

There are two sayings of scholars regarding the ahadith (of Abu Hanifa). Some of them accepted them while others said there is some weakness because there are lot of mistakes in his ahadith. Ali bin Madeeni said that Yaha bin Saeed alQataan was asked regarding the hadith of Abu Hanifa. He replied that He is not Sahib of hadith.

I (adDahabee) say: He (Abu Hanifa) did not pay attention towards monitoring the chain (of narrators). His all efforts were on Quran and Fiqh. And this situation is for all those people who learn one thing and leaves other thing. Like scholars of jarh wa tadeel weakened Hafs and Qaloon who were the scholars of Qir`aat. And from the jamah of Fuqaha they (Muhadditheen) have weakened Ibn Abi Laila Uthman alBatti. And from the Jamah of Zuhaad they (muhadditheen) have weakened Farqad and Shaqeeq al Balkhi. And they (muhadditheen) have weakened from the people of Nahw, The reason (of their weakness) is not because there is some weakness in their adalah, But they were lacking in Mastering the hadith, and they were free from telling lies.

Salih bin Muhammad and others narrated from Ibn Maeen that he was trustworthy. Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Qasim bin Muharrar said that Ibn Maeen said there is no harm in him. Imam Abu Dawood said: May Allah bless Malik he was an Imam, May Allah bless Shafi’ee he was an Imam May Allah bless Abu hanifa he was an Imam.

(MANAQIB IMAM ABU HANIFA PAGE 45)

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

5) CONCLUSION. :-

Imam Abu Hanifa was one of the great Imams, People attributed lies on him that is why some scholars of the salaf like Ibn Hibban and Darqutni and others went against him. They issued fatwa according to what has been reached to them or they issued fatwa against him on his(Abu Hanifa’s) earlier position which later he changed. Imam Abu Hanifa died as a Martyr and Martyrs are alive in Jannah. May Allah Grant him highest paradise with Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him ameen.

RELATED LINKS :-

FATWA OF SHAYKH AL-FAWZAN.

FATWA OF SHAYKH SALEH AL-MUNAJJID.

http://www.islamqa.com/en/ref/46992/brief%20overview

(PREPARED BY ASIM UL HAQ,EDITED BY AIJAZ SHAIKH)

Posted on March 4, 2013, in OTHERS and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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