Q. IS THERE ANY EVIDENCE THAT A WOMAN WHO MENSTRUATES HAS TO MAKE UP MISSED FASTS ?
Praise be to Allaah.
The fact that a woman who menstruates is obliged to make up missed fasts is a ruling on which there is consensus among the Muslims, and is indicated by the saheeh Sunnah and scholarly consensus.
Mu’adha said:I asked ‘A’isha: What is the reason that a menstruating woman completes the fasts (that she abandons during her monthly course). but she does not complete the prayers? She (Hadrat ‘A’isha) said: Are you a Haruriya? I said: I am not a Haruriya, but I simply want to inquire. She said: We passed through this (period of menstruation), and we were ordered to complete the fasts, but were not ordered to complete the prayers.
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 3, Hadith 662)
Aishah narrated:”We would menstruate during the time of the Messenger of Allah, then when we became pure we were ordered to make up the fasts but we were not ordered to make up the Salat.” (Hasan)
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Book 8, Hadith 106)
AL-NAWAWI SAID :-
قولها هذا الحكم متفق عليه أجمع المسلمون على أن الحائض والنفساء لا تجب عليهما الصلاة ولا الصوم في الحال ، وأجمعوا على أنه لا يجب عليهما قضاء الصلاة ، وأجمعوا على أنه يجب عليهما قضاء الصوم .
قال العلماء والفرق بينهما أن الصلاة كثيرة متكررة فيشق قضاؤها بخلاف الصوم ، فإنه يجب في السنة مرة واحدة ، وربما كان الحيض يوما أو يومين
This ruling is agreed upon. The Muslims are unanimously agreed that menstruating women and women who bleed following childbirth are not obliged to pray or fast at that time, and they are agreed that they do not have to make up the prayers, and they are agreed that they have to make up the fasts. The scholars said: the difference between them is that the prayers are many and repeated, and it would be too difficult to make them up, unlike the fast which is enjoined only once in the year, and a woman’s period may last only one or two days.
(SHARH SAHIH MUSLIM BY AL-NAWAWI)
SOURCE OF SHARH SHAIH MUSLIM :-
AL-HAAFIZ SAID : –
أحرورية) الحروري منسوب إلى حرورا ميلين من الكوفة.
ويقال لمن يعتقد مذهب الخوارج حروري ; لأن أول فرقة منهم خرجوا على علي بالبلدة المذكورة فاشتهروا بالنسبة إليها ، وهم فرق كثيرة ، لكن من أصولهم المتفق عليها بينهم الأخذ بما دل عليه القرآن ورد ما زاد عليه من الحديث مطلقا ، ولهذا استفهمت عائشة معاذة استفهام إنكار
“Are you a Haroori?” – the word Haroori is derived from Haroora’, which is a village two miles from Kufa. Those who believe in the madhhab of the Khaarijis are called Harooris because the first group of them rebelled against ‘Ali in that village, so they became known by this name. There are many such groups, but one of their basic principles on which they are all agreed is following what is indicated by the Qur’aan and rejecting additional evidence from the hadeeth. Hence ‘Aa’ishah asked Mu’aadhah this question by way of criticism.
SOURCE OF FATH UL-BARI :-
IBN QUDAAMAH SAID :-
The scholars are unanimously agreed that it is not permissible for menstruating women and women who bleed following childbirth to fast, and that they should not fast in Ramadaan, and should make up the missed days, and that if they do fast their fast does not count.
AL-NAWAWI SAID :-
The ummah is also unanimously agreed that it is obligatory to make up missed Ramadaan fasts. Al-Tirmidhi, Ibn al-Mundhir, Ibn Jareer, our companions and others narrated that there was consensus on this point.
SHAYKH AL-ISLAM IBN TAYMIYAH SAID :-
It is proven by the Sunnah and the consensus of the Muslims that menstrual bleeding invalidates the fast, so a menstruating woman should not fast, but she should make up the missed fast.
This is the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and scholarly consensus on this matter was narrated by more than one of the scholars. So how can anyone then say that there is no evidence that a woman who menstruates has to make up missed fasts!
(MAJMOO’ AL-FATAAWA 25/219)
And Allaah knows best.