I WANT THE CORRECT KNOWLEDGE OF DEEN,SO FROM WHERE I SHOULD START & HOW?
Praise be to Allaah.I bless you for your great ambitions and for the keenness to acquire knowledge with which Allaah has blessed you, because shar’i knowledge is the noblest pursuit in which a man may spend his life and his youth.
Abu Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said:”Lo! Indeed the world is cursed. What is in it is cursed, except for remembrance of Allah, what is conducive to that, the knowledgeable person and the learning person.”(Hasan)
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 4, Book 10, Hadith 2322)
The path to knowledge is lengthy and it is a lifetime project. The seeker of knowledge will continue to seek it until he meets Allaah.
It was narrated from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The believer will never have enough of listening to good things (seeking knowledge) until he reaches Paradise.”
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (HADITH 2686)
SOURCE OF SUNAN TIRMIDHI
THE FOLLOWING ADVICE WILL ANSWER YOUR QUESTIONS.
The best time to seek knowledge is when one is young, when one is alert and has a lot of energy. It does not matter if a person misses out on knowledge when he is young or in childhood, because when a student is young he is able to make up for what he has missed, if he works hard.
Umar ibn al-Khattab (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: Learn before you reach a position of prominence.
SHOABUL IMAAN AL-BAIHAQI (HADITH 1545)
SOURCE OF SHOABUL IMAAN AL-BAIHAQI.
IF YOU ASK, WHAT ARE THE BOOKS THAT WE SHOULD STUDY?
First of all you should take a gradual approach to acquiring Islamic knowledge. For each branch of knowledge there are specific books. The first thing you should study should be ‘aqeedah (basic tenets of faith, doctrine), then the sciences which will help you to understand the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), such as Arabic grammar, usool al-fiqh, mustalah al-hadeeth, then fiqh and Tafseer… before all of that you should start by memorizing Qur’aan, because all other branches of knowledge are studied to help one to reach a correct understanding of the Qur’aan.Here we will give you a list of books, organized in order of priority.On ‘Aqeedah: start with the book al-Usool al-Thalaathah [available in English as “The Three Fundamental Bases of Islamic Theology”], then Kitaab al-Tawheed [available in English as “Kitab al-Tauhid”], then Kashf al-Shubuhaat, all by Shaykh Muahmmad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab. Then read Kitaab al-‘Aqeedah al-Waasitiyyah [also available in English as “Principles of Islamic Faith”] by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah.After studying and understanding these books, move on to Kitaab al-Ajrumiyyah, on Arabic grammar, then Kitaab al-Usool fi ‘Ilm al-Usool, on usool al-fiqh, then Kitaab Usool al-Tafseer – both by Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen, may Allaah have mercy on him. Then study al-Arba’een al-Nawawiyyah [al-Nawawi’s 40 Hadeeth, available in English in several translations] on hadeeth, then ‘Umdat al-Ahkaam, also on hadeeth. Then start studying fiqh, and it is OK to study the fiqh texts of any of the recognized schools of thought, such as Bidaayat al-Saalikeen, ‘Umdat al-Fiqh, Matan Abi Shujaa’, and Matan Khaleel. We do not want you to be biased towards any of the madhhabs, rather your study should be organized and based on the well-established principles, so that your pursuit of knowledge will be enhanced and you will follow the evidence, not be biased towards any particular madhhab.It should be noted that the books mentioned above are to be studied so that you memorize and understand them. Try to get hold of tapes of the scholars who have commented on these books, such as Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz, Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen, Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Jibreen, and others.
After studying fiqh, read two books on Tafseer. Start with Tayseer al-Kareem al-Rahmaan fi tafseer kalaam al-Mannaan by Shaykh ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Sa’di (may Allaah have mercy on him), and Tafseer Ibn Katheer [an abridged version in 10 volumes is available in English].
These are the most important books which the seeker of knowledge should study. When you have finished them, there are more advanced books which we will tell you about when you have finished these books. Keep in touch with us.
(PREPARED BY AIJAZ SHAIKH)