The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) was the most ascetic of people; Allah did not allow any room for love of worldly matters in his heart or let him regard such matters as being of any importance.
Narrated from Abu Hurayrah that he said: Jibreel sat with the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and looked at the sky, and he saw an angel descending. Jibreel said: This angel has never descended since he was created, until now. When he came down, he said: O Muhammad, your Lord has sent me to you and He says: Shall He make you a Prophet-king or a Messenger-slave? Jibreel said: Be humble before your Lord, O Muhammad. He said: “Rather a Messenger-slave.”
MUSNAD AHMAD (HADITH 6988)
SOURCE OF MUSNAD AHMAD :-
Narrated ‘Aa’ishah (r.a) I said: O Messenger of Allah, may Allah cause me to be sacrificed for you, eat reclining for it will be easier for you. He tilted his head until his forehead nearly touched the ground and said: “No; rather I shall eat as a slave eats and I shall sit as a slave sits.”
SHARAH AS SUNNAH (HADITH 2844)
SOURCE OF SHARAH AS SUNNAH :-
Narrated that Ka’bibn ‘Ujrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and I saw him changed in appearance. I said: “May my father be sacrificed for you, why do I see you changed in appearance?” He said: “I have not eaten anything for three days.” I went and I saw a Jew watering a camel of his. I helped him with it and for every bucket of water I drew for him he gave me one date. I gathered some dates and brought them to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
TABARANI (HADITH 7153)
It was narrated that Anas bin Malik said:”The Messenger of Allah said: ‘I have been tortured for the sake of Allah as no one else has, and I have suffered fear for the sake of Allah as no one else has. I have spent three days when Bilal and I had no food that any living being could eat but that which could be concealed in the armpit of Bilal.'” (Hasan)
IBN MAJAH (Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 151)
It was narrated from Mutarrif that his father said:”I came to the Prophet (p.b.u.h) when he was praying, and there was a sound coming from his chest like the sound of water boiling,” meaning, he was weeping. (Sahih)”
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 13, Hadith 1215)
Narrated Anas:I walked to the Prophet (p.b.u.h) with some barley bread that has some rancid oil poured over it. The Prophet (p.b.u.h) had pawned his armour with a Jew for twenty Sa’ of food that he got for his family. That day (he pawned it), I heard him saying: ‘Not for one evening has the household of Muhammad had a Sa’ of dates or a Sa’ of grain.’ And on that day he had nine wives.”
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Book 10, Hadith 14)
SOURCE OF SUNAN TIRMIDHI :-
Aishahnarrated”The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) did not eat his fill of barley bread on two consecutive days until he was taken (died).” (Sahih)
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 4, Book 10, Hadith 2357)
Abu Hurairahnarrated:”Neither the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) nor his family, ate their fill of wheat bread for three consecutive days until he parted the world.” (Sahih)
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 4, Book 10, Hadith 2358)
Abu Umamahnarrated:”There was never a surplus of barley bread for the inhabitants of the house of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w).”(Sahih)
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 4, Book 10, Hadith 2359)
Ibn ‘Abbas said:” The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) would spend many consecutive nights and his family did not have supper, and most of the time their bread was barley bread.” (Sahih)
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 4, Book 10, Hadith 2360)
Anassaid:”The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) never ate on a table, nor did he eat thin bread until he died.”(Sahih)
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 4, Book 10, Hadith 2363)
Anas bin Malik narrated from Abu Talhah who said:”We complained to the Messenger of Allah(s.a.w) of hunger and we raised(our garments ) from our stomachs (exposing) a stone (on each of us). So the Messenger of Allah(s.a.w) raised (his garment exposing) two stones.” (Hasan)
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 4, Book 10, Hadith 2371)
Simak bin Harbsaid:”I heard An-Nu’man bin Bashir saying: ‘Do you (people) not have what you wish of food and drink?’ I have seen your Prophet and he did not have even enough Daqal to fill his stomach.'” (Sahih)
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 4, Book 10, Hadith 2372)
Abdullah narrated :”The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) was sleeping upon a mat, then he stood, and the mat had left marks on his side. We said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! We said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! We could get a bed for you.’ He said: ‘What do I have to do with the world! I am not in the world but as a rider seeking shade under a tree, then he catches his breath and leaves it.'” (Hasan)
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 4, Book 10, Hadith 2377)
Narrated Jabir:We were digging (the trench) on the day of (Al-Khandaq ( i.e. Trench )) and we came across a big solid rock. We went to the Prophet (p.b.u.h) and said, “Here is a rock appearing across the trench.” He said, “I am coming down.” Then he got up, and a stone was tied to his belly for we had not eaten anything for three days. So the Prophet (p.b.u.h) took the spade and struck the big solid rock and it became like sand. I said, “O Allah’s Messenger (p.b.u.h) ! Allow me to go home.” (When the Prophet (p.b.u.h) allowed me) I said to my wife, “I saw the Prophet (p.b.u.h) in a state that I cannot treat lightly. Have you got something (for him to eat?” She replied, “I have barley and a she goat.” So I slaughtered the she-kid and she ground the barley; then we put the meat in the earthenware cooking pot. Then I came to the Prophet (p.b.u.h) when the dough had become soft and fermented and (the meat in) the pot over the stone trivet had nearly been well-cooked, and said, “I have got a little food prepared, so get up O Allah’s Messenger (p.b.u.h) , you and one or two men along with you (for the food).” The Prophet (p.b.u.h) asked, “How much is that food?” I told him about it. He said, “It is abundant and good. Tell your wife not to remove the earthenware pot from the fire and not to take out any bread from the oven till I reach there.” Then he said (to all his companions), “Get up.” So the Muhajirn (i.e. Emigrants) and the Ansar got up. When I came to my wife, I said, “Allah’s Mercy be upon you! The Prophet came along with the Muhajirin and the Ansar and those who were present with them.” She said, “Did the Prophet (p.b.u.h) ask you (how much food you had)?” I replied, “Yes.” Then the Prophet () said, “Enter and do not throng.” The Prophet (p.b.u.h) started cutting the bread (into pieces) and put the cooked meat over it. He covered the earthenware pot and the oven whenever he took something out of them. He would give the food to his companions and take the meat out of the pot. He went on cutting the bread and scooping the meat (for his companions) till they all ate their fill, and even then, some food remained. Then the Prophet (p.b.u.h) said (to my wife), “Eat and present to others as the people are struck with hunger.”
SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 5, Book 59, Hadith 427)
Anas b. Malik reported:I visited Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) one day and found him sitting in the company of his Companions and talking to them, and he had tied his belly with a bandage. Usama said: I am in doubt whether there was stone on that (his belly) or not. I asked some of his Companions why Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) had bandaged his belly. They said: (He has done that to relieve) his hunger. I went to Abu Talha, the husband of Umm Sulaim, the daughter of Milhan, and said to him: Father, I saw Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) having bandaged his belly. I asked some of his Companions (the reason of it) and they said that it was due to hunger. Abu Talha came to mv mother and said: Is there anything? She said: Yes, I have some pieces of bread with me and some dates. If Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) comes to us alone we can feed him to his fill, but if someone comes along with him this would be insufficient for them.
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 23, Hadith 5065)
Nu’man b. Bashir said:Don’t you eat and drink according to your heart’s desire, whereas I saw that your Prophet (may peace be upon him) (at times) could not find even an inferior quality of the dates with which he could fill his belly? Qutaiba, however, did not make a mention of It.
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 42, Hadith 7099)
Simak b. Barb reported:I heard Nu’man deliver an address in which he said that (Hadrat) Umar made a mention of what had fallen to the lot of people out of the material world and he said: I saw Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) spend the whole day being upset because of hunger and he could not get even an interior quality of dates with which he could fill his belly.
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 42, Hadith 7101)
Abu Hazimreported:I saw Abu Huraira point with his finger many a time and saying: By One in Whose Hand is the life of Abu Huraira, Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) could not eat to his fill and provide his family bread of wheat beyond three days successively until he left the world.
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 42, Hadith 7098)
Abu Hurairareported:By Him in Whose Hand is my life and Ibn ‘Abbad also said: By One in Whose hand is the life of Abu Huraira, Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) could not afford to provide adequate food to his family which could (fill their bellies) with bread and wheat for three days successively until he left the world.
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 42, Hadith 7097)
‘A’isha reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) had died in a state that they could afford to eat two things only:water and dates.
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 42, Hadith 7095)
‘Urwa b. Zubair reported on the authority of ‘A’isha, the wife of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), that she said:Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) died (in a state) that it never happened that he could eat to his fill the bread with olive oil twice during a day.
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 42, Hadith 7093)
‘A’ishareported:We the family of Muhammad (may peace be upon him) used to spend (the whole) month in which we (did not need to) kindle the fire as (we had nothing to cook) ; we had only dates and water (to fill our bellies)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 42, Hadith 7089)
A’ishareported:Never could the family of Muhammad (may peace be upon him) (afford to eat) the bread of wheat for two days successively. Even (out of these two days) one (was such wherein he could get) only a date.
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 42, Hadith 7088)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 42, Hadith 7087)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book 42, Hadith 7086)
Rabee’ahibn ‘Abbaad al-Dayli, who later became Muslim, said: “I saw the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) with my own eyes in the marketplace of Dhoo’l-Majaaz, saying, ‘O people, say Laailaaha ill-Allaah and you will prosper.’ He was going through the alleyways of the market, and the people were gathering around him. I did not see anyone saying anything, and he did not stop saying, ‘O people, say Laailaaha ill-Allaah and you will prosper.’ Behind him there was a man with a squint and a handsome face, and his hair in two braids, saying, ‘He is a Sabian and a liar.’ I asked, ‘Who is this?’ They said, ‘Muhammad ibn ‘Abd-Allaah, who is saying that he is a Prophet.’ I asked, ‘Who is this who is denouncing him?’ They said, ‘His paternal uncle Abu Lahab.’”
MUSNAD AHMAD (HADITH 15593)
SOURCE OF MUSNAD AHMAD :-
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) suffered rejection at the hands of some of those who were most closely related to him, such as his paternal uncle Abu Lahab, but this did not stop him from spreading the message and conveying the religion, despite the harshness of the opposition.
PREPARED BY :AIJAZ SHAIKH