AUTHENTICITY OF HADITH REGARDING A UNKNOWN PERSON SEEKING HELP FROM PROPHET (P.B.U.H).
أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْحَافِظُ ، أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو مُحَمَّدِ بْنُ زِيَادٍ ، نا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ الثَّقَفِيُّ ، قَالَ : سَمِعْتُ أَبَا إِسْحَاقَ الْقُرَشِيَّ ، يَقُولُ : كَانَ عِنْدَنَا رَجُلٌ بِالْمَدِينَةِ إِذَا رَأَى مُنْكَرًا لا يُمْكِنُهُ أَنْ يُغَيِّرَهُ أَتَى الْقَبْرَ ، فَقَالَ : أَيَا قَبْرَ النَّبِيِّ وَصَاحِبَيْهِ أَلا يَا غَوْثَنَا لَوْ تَعْلَمُونَا
Abu Ishaq al-Qarshi narrates that there was a man with us in Madina. Whenever he used to see any bad deed which he was not capable of stop with his hand, he used to go to the grave of Prophet (Peace be upon him) and say: O the inhabitants of Qabr i.e. Prophet and Sahaba (Abu Bakr and Umar) and our helpers please look towards our state.
SHOABUL IMAAN BAIHAQI (HADITH 3879)
SOURCE OF SHOABUL IMAAN BAIHAQI.
SCAN PAGE OF SHOABUL IMAAN BAIHAQI.
HIKAYA IN ISLAM CARRY NO WEIGHT,SPECIALLY IN CREED,NEED A MUTAWWIR REPORT TO PROVE CREED (AQEEDAH).
THE MATAN (CONTENT) IS AGAINST QURAN.
THE MATAN (CONTENT) IS AGAINST AUTHENTIC HADITH.
SAYINGS OF SCHOLAR.
HIKAYA IN ISLAM CARRY NO WEIGHT,SPECIALLY IN CREED,NEED A MUTAWWIR REPORT TO PROVE CREED (AQEEDAH). :-
Islam doesnot derived from stories.rather it is based on quran and sunnah.morever to believe in creed we need a mutawwir report not hikaya which doesnot carry any weight in islam.There is no value of Hikayah in ISLAM specially in creed. It could be weak, fabricated or Authentic, Creed are based on Quran and Authentic Sunnah (those who use this athar according to them hadith should be mutwatir for creed) but here they are using Hikayah of Mutakhiroun and not even from Sahaba,Tabiyeen and Itteba Tabiyeen.
THE MATAN (CONTENT) IS AGAINST QURAN . :-
Allah says,’Say, “Indeed, I(prophet Muhammad) do not possess for you [the power of] harm or right direction.”
(SURAH JINN 72 VERSE 21)
If ye invoke them, they will not listen to your call, and if they were to listen, they cannot answer your (prayer). On the Day of Judgment they will reject your “Partnership”. and none, (O man!) can tell thee (the Truth) like the One Who is acquainted with all things.
(SURAH FATIR 35 VERSE 14)
QURTUBEE COMMENTRY :-
If you Call them for help in hard situations then they can not hear you because they are Jamadaat, they can not see nor hear.then he said..This is Possible that this ayah is for Angels,Jinn, Prophets and Satan they will Reject What have you done and also THEY (the Prophets,jinn and angels will reject that they) told them to worship them, Like EESA ALEH SALAM will say It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say).
And if Allah should touch you with adversity, there is no remover of it except Him. And if He touches you with good – then He is over all things competent.
(SURAH AN-ANAAM 6 VERSE 17)
Is He [not best] who responds to the desperate one when he calls upon Him and removes evil and makes you inheritors of the earth? Is there a deity with Allah ? Little do you remember.
(SURAH AN-NAML 27 VERSE 62)
And Allah says
Whatever mercy, Allah may grant to mankind, none can withhold it, and whatever He may withhold, none can grant it thereafter
(SURAH FATIR 35 VERSE 2)
And Allah Says
And when harm touches you upon the sea, those that you call upon vanish from you except Him
(SURAH AL-ISRA 17 VERSE 67)
And Allah Says
Then, when harm touches you, unto Him you cry aloud for help
(SURAH AN NAHL 16 VERSE 53)
IBNE KHATIR COMMENTED :-
Meaning because you know that none has the power to remove that harm except for Him, so when you are harmed, you turn to ask Him for help and beg Him for aid
IBN JALALAYN COMMENTARY :-
Whatever grace you have, it is from God, none but He brings it (mā, ‘whatever’, is either a conditional or relative [particle]). Then when misfortune, poverty or illness, befalls you, to Him you cry for help, [to Him] you raise your voices with pleas for help and supplications, and you do not call upon any other than Him.
IBNE JAWZI COMMENTARY :-
Zajjaj said: [to Him] you raise your voices with pleas for help
IMAM BAIHAQI CREED :-
And say, “My Lord, I seek refuge in You from the incitements of the devils, And I seek refuge in You, my Lord , lest they be present with me
(SURAH MUMINOON 23 VERSE 97-98)
seek refuge with Allah from Shaytan, the outcast.
(SURAH AN NAHL 16 VERSE 98)
And it is not correct that the creation would seek refuge from other creation, This verse is the evidence that one who seeks refuge should seek refuge from the attributes of Allah, And He (Allah) ordered that seek refuge from the attributes of him, His attributes are not creation like Allah orderd to seek refuge from his dhaat and his dhaat is not creation
(ASMA WAL SIFAT PAGE 183)
THE MATAN (CONTENT) IS AGAINST AUTHENTIC HADITH.:-
Narrated Ubadah bin Sāmit that a hypocrite used to bother the companions of the Prophet (pbuh). One some of the companions said, “Let us go and beseech the Prophet’s aide to help us against this hypocrite. Upon hearing this Prophet (pbuh) said, “Indeed, no one beseeches me for help, but should only beseech Allah.
IIMAM HAYTHAMEE SAID :-
Narrated by at-Tabrani and its narrators are the narrators of Saheeh, except Ibn Lahiya who is good in hadith.
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, “I do not want anyone of you to come to me on the Day of Resurrection, carrying over his neck a sheep that will be bleating. Such a person will (then) say, ‘O Muhammad! (please intercede for me,) I will say to him.’I can’t help you, for I conveyed Allah’s Message to you.
SAHIH BUKHARI (Book 24 : Volume 2 : Hadith 485)
Prophet (p.b.u.h) cant help us.
Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Do not make your houses graves, and do not make my grave a place of festivity. But invoke blessings on me, for your blessings reach me wherever you may be.
ABU DAWOOD (Book #10, Hadith #2037)
Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from Ata ibn Yasar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “O Allah! Do not make my GRAVE an IDOL that is worshipped. The anger on those who took the GRAVEs of their Prophets as places of prostration was terrible.”
MUWATTA MALIK (Book #9, Hadith #9.24.88)
Ali ibn al-Husayn (may Allaah be pleased with him) saw a man entering through a gap at the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and making du’aa’. He told him not to do that and said, “Shall I not tell you a hadeeth that I heard from my father from my grandfather from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)? ‘Do not take my grave as a place of festivity (which you visit repeatedly) and do not take your houses as graves. Send blessings upon me for your greeting will reach me no matter where you are.’”
(MUSNAD ABU YA’LA ,HAAFIZ AL-DIYA IN AL UKHTAARAH)
Narrated Anas: Whenever drought threatened them, ‘umar bin Al-Khattab, used to ask Al-abbas bin ‘Abdul Muttalib to invoke Allah for rain. He used to say, “O Allah! We used to ask our Prophet to invoke You for rain, and You would bless us with rain, and now we ask his uncle to invoke You for rain. O Allah ! Bless us with rain.” And so it would rain.
SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 2, Book 17, Hadith 123)
If going to the grave of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) to ask him to make duaa to Allah was permissIble, Umar r.a would have done that when wanting to do istisqa’ instead of doing it through the uncle of the Messenger , who was alive, and Umar’s (r.a) saying “we used to make tawassul through your Prophet’s duaa, and now we do tawassul through the uncle of your Prophet…”, indicates that they don’t make tawassul through the Prophet’s (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) duaa after his death, and only when he was alive, or else why would he say “we used to”?
Narrated Jubair bin Mut`im:A woman came to the Prophet who ordered her to return to him again. She said, “What if I came and did not find you?” as if she wanted to say, “If I found you dead?” The Prophet said, “If you should not find me, go to Abu Bakr.”
SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 5, Book 57, Hadith 11)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 9, Book 89, Hadith 327)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol. 9, Book 92, Hadith 459)
This is beautiful hadeeth against Asking help from Prophet peace be upon him after his death; because if asking help from him after his(peace be upon him) death prescribed then the wordings of hadeeth Should be, “If you should not find me, Come to my grave and ask me or ask me from where ever you want.”, But this is not the case here and Prophet peace be upon him was not shy to tell us the truth about Islam. He completed his Mission and told us about complete way of life.
PROPHET (P.B.U.H) HIMSELF IS ASKING FROM ALLAH & SUPPLICATING.
Abu al-‘Abbas ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas, radiyallahu anhuma, reported: One day I was behind the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam, and he said to me:”O young man, I shall teach you some words [of advice] Be mindful of Allah, and Allah will protect you. Be mindful of Allah, and you will find Him in front of you. If you (have need to) ask, ask of Allah; and if you seek help, seek help from Allah. Know that even if the Nation (or the whole community) were to gather together to benefit you with something, they would not benefit you with anything except that which Allah has already recorded for you, and that if they gather together to harm you with something, they would not be able to harm you with anything except that which Allah has already recorded against you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (HADITH 2043)
MUSNAD AHMAD ( VOLUME 4 PAGE 410 HADITH 2669)
A man of Balhajim said: “O Messenger of Allah, what are you calling for” He said:I am calling people to Allah Alone, the One Who, if you call on Him when harm befalls you, will relieve you; and when you are lost in the wilderness, you call on Him and He brings you back: and when drought (famine) strikes, you call on Him and He makes your crops grow.
MUSNAD AHMAD (HADITH 19718)
(IBNE KHATIR IN COMMENTARY OF QIRAN UNDER SURAH AN NAML 27 VERSE 62)
SAYINGS OF SCHOLAR. :-
IBNE ABDUL HADI SAID :-
we come to know that if Prophet`s(pbuh) grave is made place of gathering point or place of prostration or place of adoration then people would start calling grave of prophet(pbuh), direct their wishes towards the grave, crying towards the grave and questioning it and considered it as a mediator, putting trust or reliance on it and asking help from it, and asking forgiveness from it, and sometimes bow (in front) of it, and circumambulate (tawaf) it or going for hajj towards it. All these things are rights of Allah, the one and only with no partners, and the creations are not included in it.. It was the wisdom of Allah to get prophet(pbuh) buried in his house, stopping people in contemplating to grave of prophet(pbuh),stopping people from visiting the grave and other acts for the practice of oneness of Allah and for the worship of Allah alone with whom there is no other partner and to make religion exclusively for the sake of Allah. These acts cannot be done whether at the grave of people of baqee or any other grave of muslims, and whoever tried to do such a thing has been stopped and places at which prostration used to be done has been broken down, and if chances of fitnah would have been at the grave of prophet then even that would have been treated in the same way just like sahaba did to the grave of prophet Daniyal (Aleh salam the Prophet) on the order of Umar bin Khattab (ra).
(AS SARIM AL MUNKI PAGE 170)
IMAM SUYUTI SAID :-
For Verily visiting the graves with the intention that our prayers will be accepted is not allowed and it is closer to Haram.Sahaba faced so many difficulties after the death of Prophet (peace be upon him) drought came to them,.. so Why didn’t they came to the grave of Prophet of Allah? Why they didn’t requested him (peace be upon him) for rain? Why they didn’t call at his grave? Prophet (SAW) is the highest of the creation in the sight of Allah In fact at the time of drought OMAR Ra went to Eid GAH with Abbas RA and asked him to pray for rain(prayer of istesqa see Sahih bukhari for detailed athar). They never prayed near grave of Prophet (peace be upon him). O Muslim If You are follower of Allah like your Salaf as Saleh were so follow them, do Research of Correct Tauheed, Do not Worship other then Allah, Do not Make Partners of Allah. As Allah Commanded (Therefore worship Me.) and Allah says (So whoever hopes for the meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.”)
(VENERATION OF THOSE PLACES WHICH ARE NOT APPLICABLE FOR VENERATION ON PAGE 25)
IBNE HAJAR ASQALANI SAID :-
There is no Seeking refuge in creation !” Allah says (ask help from Allah) and Prophet peace be upon him said (If you want to ask, ask from Allah)
(FATH UL BARI KITAB AT TAWHEE CHAPTER 13)
HAFIDH AS SHATIBI :-
“The Prophet (P.B.U.H) never left anyone after himself anyone more superior than Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (ra), since he was his Khalifah and no one did this through him… and nor through ‘Umar (ra) and he was the best of the Ummah after him. Then likewise, ‘Uthman (ra) and then all of the Companions, with respect to whom there is no one who is more superior. There is not established from a single one of them any authentic report that states that someone would make tabarruk from them in any of these ways or what is similar to them . Rather they restricted themselves to following and imitating the actions and statements in which they (the Companions) followed the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) . This, therefore is a unanimous agreement from them for the abandonment of these things.
(AL AITESA’AM VOLUME 2 PAGE 8-9)
Above HIkayah is against Quran & sunnah,and if Going to the Prophet’s grave to supplicate is something which Allah and His Prophet (s.a.w) did not legislate for this nation,the rightly guided caliphs and the first and foremost of the Muhaajiroon (those who migrated from Makkah to Madeenah) and the Ansaar (the citizens of Madeenah who helped and gave aid to the Muhaajireen) and also the companions and those who followed them exactly (in faith) [the Salaf], would certainly have done so, had this act been legislated and permissible. On the contrary, it was reported that they rebuked whoever did so.