DESCRIPTION OF EID UL FITR PRAYER

CONTENTS:-
1) SOME SUNNAH OF EID UL FITR.

2) IS THERE ANY SUNNAH BEFORE OR AFTER EID PRAYER.

3) NO ADHAN & IQAMAH FOR THE EID PRAYER.

4) NUMBER OF RAKAH IN EID UL FITR.

5) DESCRIPTION OF KHUTBAH OF EID UL FITR.

6) DESCRIPTION OF TAKBEER IN EID UL FITR.

7) RECITATION IN TWO RAKAH OF EID UL FITR.

8) HOW TO PRAY.

9) RULING ON EID PRAYER FOR WOMEN ?

10) RULING ON IF SOME MISS EID PRAYER CAN HE CAN MAKEUP PRAYER.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1) SOME SUNNAH OF EID UL FITR . :-

https://islaahh.wordpress.com/2013/08/07/some-sunnah-of-eid-ul-fitr/
2) IS THERE ANY SUNNAH BEFORE OR AFTER EID PRAYER. :-

SUNNAH BEFORE EID UL FITR PRAYER :-

If a person comes to the Eid prayer-place before the imam comes, and he will not offer any prayer before because

It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbas that:

The Prophet (p.b.u.h) went out on the day of ‘Eid and prayed two rak’ahs, and he did not pray before or after them. (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 9, Hadith 1588)

Abu Bakr bin Hafs – and he is Ibn Umar bin Sa’d bin Abi Waqas – narrated about Ibn Umar, that:”He went out on the day of Eid, and he did not pray before it nor after it. He mentioned that the Prophet did so.” (Hasan)

SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 538)

NOTE :-

Some of the scholars are of the view that when a person comes he should not sit down until he has prayed two rak’ahs, because the Eid prayer-place is a mosque, based on the fact that menstruating women are not allowed there, so it comes under the same rulings as a mosque, which indicates that it is a mosque. Based on this, it comes under the general meaning of the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him):

Narrated Abu Qatada Al-Aslami: Allah’s Apostle said, “If anyone of you enters a mosque, he should pray two Rakat before sitting.”

SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol 1, Book 8,Hadith 435)

Thus it is proven that we should pray Tahiyyat al-Masjid (two rak’ahs to “greet the mosque”) when arriving at the Eid prayer-place, as in the case of all mosques, because if we assume from the hadeeth that there is no Tahiyyat al-Masjid for the Eid mosque, then we should say that there is no Tahiyyat al-Masjid for the Jumu’ah mosque either, because when the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) arrived at the Jumu’ah mosque he would deliver the khutbah, then pray two rak’ahs then leave and pray the regular Sunnahs of Jumu’ah in his house, so he did not offer any prayer before it or after it (in the mosque).What seems more likely to be correct is that we should pray two rak’ahs in the Eid prayer-place to greet the mosque, but we should not denounce one another with regard to this issue, because it is a matter concerning which the scholars differ. We should not denounce others with regard to matters where the scholars differ, unless there is a clear text. So we should not denounce the one who prays (Tahiyyat al-Masjid) or the one who sits down without praying.

SUNNAH PRAYER AFTER EID UL FITR :

There is no sunnah after prayer of eid ul fitr.

It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbas that:

The Prophet (p.b.u.h) went out on the day of ‘Eid and prayed two rak’ahs, and he did not pray before or after them. (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 9, Hadith 1588)

Abu Bakr bin Hafs – and he is Ibn Umar bin Sa’d bin Abi Waqas – narrated about Ibn Umar, that:”He went out on the day of Eid, and he did not pray before it nor after it. He mentioned that the Prophet did so.” (Hasan)

SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 538)

NOTE :-

AFTER REACHING HOME HE (PEACE BE UPON HIM) USED TO OFFER TWO RAKAH VOLUNTARY PRAYER. :-

Abu Saeed al-Khudri (RA) reported: “Allah’s Messenger (SAW) would not pray any voluntary prayer before Eid prayer. However, when he returned to his house, he prayed two rak’at

IBN MAJAH (HADITH 1293)
(IRWA’UL-GHALIL 631 SAHIH UL-JAMI 4859)

SOURCE OF IBN MAJAH :-

http://www.islamweb.net/newlibrary/display_book.php?flag=1&bk_no=5&ID=1283

IMAM ALBANI SAID :-

“So the negation (of praying before and after the Eid prayer) referred only to praying at the musalla

(IRWA’UL GHALIL 3:100)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3) NO ADHAN & IQAMAH FOR THE EID PRAYER. :-

It was narrated that Jabir said:

“The Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h) led us in praying on ‘Eid before the Khutbah, with no Adhan and no Iqamah.” (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 9, Hadith 1563)

Jabir bin Samurah narrated:

“I prayed the two Eid prayers with the Prophet – not one time, not two times – without and Adhan nor an Iqamah.” (Sahih)

SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 532)

________________________________________________________________________________________

4) NUMBER OF RAKAH IN EID UL-FITR :-

Eid Ul FITR is of two rakah.

It was narrated that ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab said:

“The prayer of Al-Adha is two rak’ahs, the prayer of Al-Fitr is two rak’ahs, the prayer of the traveler is two rak’ahs and the jumu’ah prayer is two rak’ahs, complete and not shortened, upon the tongue of the Prophet (p.b.u.h). (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 9, Hadith 1567)

It was narrated from ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Abi Laila that ‘Umar said:
“Jumu’ah prayer is two rak’ahs, the prayer of Al-Fitr is two rak’ahs, the prayer of Al-Adha is two rak’ahs, the prayer when traveling is two rak’ahs, complete and not shortened, on the tongue of Muhammad (p.b.u.h).” (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 4, Hadith 1421)

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________

5) DESCRIPTION OF KHUTBAH OF EID UL FITR. :-

KHUTBAH IS SUNNAH NOT OBLIGATORY :-

It was narrated from ‘Abdullah bin As-SA’ib that:The Prophet (p.b.u.h) offered the ‘Eid prayer and said: ‘Whoever would like to leave, let him leave, and whoever would like to stay for the Khutbah, let him stay.” (Hasan)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 9, Hadith 1572)

AL-SHAWKAANI SAID :-

This shows that the khutbah is Sunnah; it is were obligatory, it would be obligatory to sit and listen to it.

(AL-NAYL AL-MUSSANIF)

KHUTBAH SHOULD BE AFTER EID PRAYER. :-

One of the rulings of Eid is that the prayer comes before the khutbah.

Narrated abu Sa’id Al-khudri: The Prophet used to proceed to the Musalla on the days of Id-ul-Fitr and Id-ul-Adha; the first thing to begin with was the prayer.

SAHIH BUKHARI (Vol 1,Book 15, Hadith 76)

It was narrated from Ibn ‘Umar that:The Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h), Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, may Allah (SWT) be pleased with them, used to offer the ‘Eid prayer before the Khutbah. (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 9, Hadith 1565)
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 531)

It was narrated that Jabir said:”The Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h) led us in praying on ‘Eid before the Khutbah, with no Adhan and no Iqamah.” (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 9, Hadith 1563)

It was narrated that ‘Ata said:”I heard Ibn ‘Abbas say: ‘I bear witness that I attended ‘Eid with the Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h); he started with the prayer before the Khutbah, then he delivered the Khutbah.’” (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 9, Hadith 1570)

abu Sa’id al-khudri reported that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to go out on the day of adha and on the day of Fitr and commenced the prayer. And after having observed his prayer and pronounced the salutation, he stood up facing people as they were seated at their places of worship. And if he intended to send out an army he made mention of it to the people, and if he intended any other thing besides it, he commanded them (to do that). He used to say (to the people): Give alms, give alms, give alms, and the majority that gave alms was of women. He then returned and this (practice) remained (in vogue) till Marwan b. al- Hakam (came into power). I went out hand in hand with Marwan till we came to the place of worship and there Kathir b. Salt had built a pulpit of clay and brick. Marwan began to tug me with his hand as though he were pulling me towards the pulpit, while I was pulling him towards the prayer. When I saw him doing that I said: What has happened to the practice of beginning with prayer? He said: No, abu Sa’id, what you are familiar with has been abandoned. I thereupon said (three times and went back): By no means, by Him in Whose hand my life is, you are not doing anything better than what I am familiar with.

SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #1931)

SHOULD TWO KHUTBAH BE GIVEN ON EID UL FITR OR ONE ? :-

The majority of scholars, of the four madhhabs and others, are of the view that two khutbahs should be given on Eid, and the imam should sit briefly between them, as is done in the Jumu’ah (Friday) khutbah.

Maalik said: In all khutbahs – the khutbah of the imam when praying for rain (istisqa’), the two Eids, the day of ‘Arafah and on Fridays – the imam should separate between the two khutbahs by sitting briefly.

(AL-MUDAWWANAH 1/231)

AL-SHAAFAI :-

It was narrated that ‘Ubayd-Allaah ibn ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Utbah said: The Sunnah on Eid is for the imam to deliver two khutbahs, sitting briefly in between. Al-Shaafa’i said: that applies to the prayers for rain, the khutbah given during the eclipse prayer, the khutbah of Hajj, and every khutbah given to a congregation.

(AL-UMM 1/272)

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: Should the imam deliver one khutbah or two on Eid?

He replied: The well known view among the fuqaha’ (may Allaah have mercy on him) is that there should be two khutbahs on Eid, because of a da’eef hadeeth which was narrated concerning that, but in the hadeeth whose authenticity is agreed upon, it says that the Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) only delivered one khutbah. I hope that the matter is flexible.

(MAJMOO FATAAWA AL-SHAYKH IBN ‘UTHAYMEEN 16/246)

Narrated from Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allaah, who said: The Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came out on the day of Fitr or Adha and delivered a khutbah standing, then he sat for a while, then he stood up.

IBN MAJAH (HADITH 1279)

SOURCE OF IBN MAJAH :-

http://www.islamweb.net/hadith/display_hbook.php?bk_no=173&hid=1279&pid=42391

RESPONSE :-

AL-SHAWKAANI SAID :-

There is a marfoo’ hadeeth narrated by Ibn Maajah which speaks of sitting in between the two khutbahs of Eid, but its isnaad includes Isma’eel ibn Muslim, who is da’eef (weak).

(NAYL AL-AWTAAR 3/323)

We may conclude from this the evidence which supports the idea of giving two khutbahs is as follows:

1) The hadeeth of Ibn Maajah and the report of Ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him), both of which are da’eef, as stated above.

2) The report of ‘Ubayd-Allaah ibn ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Utbah, who is a Taabi’i.

3) Analogy with Jumu’ah.

4) Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah be pleased with him) mentioned a fourth thing that may be quoted as evidence. He (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The phrase ‘two khutbahs’ reflects the view of the fuqaha’ (may Allaah have mercy on him), that there should be two khutbahs on Eid, because that was mentioned in a hadeeth narrated by Ibn Maajah with his isnaad, which requires further examination. The apparent meaning is that two khutbahs should be given, but whoever examines the Sunnah in agreed-upon reports in al-Saheehayn and elsewhere will see that the Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) only gave one khutbah, but after he had finished the first khutbah, he went to the women and exhorted them. If we take this as the basic principle concerning it being prescribed to give two khutbahs, then it is possible, although it is unlikely, because he went to the women and addressed them because they could not hear the khutbah. This is possible. And it may be possible that they could hear his words, but he wanted to address them specifically, hence he reminded them and exhorted them concerning matters that pertained specifically to them.

(AL-SHARH AL-MUMTI 5/191)

CONCLUSION :-

The Sunnah is for there to be one khutbah, but if two khutbahs are given that is fine.Allah swt knows best.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________

6) DESCRIPTION OF TAKBEER IN EID UL FITR. :-

IN FIRST RAK’AH SEVEN TAKBEER EXCLUDING THE TAKBEER TEHRIMAH,IN SECOND RAKAH FIVE TAKBEER EXCLUDING TAKBEER TEHRIMAH :-

Narrated AISHA, Ummul Mu’minin: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) would say the takbir (Allah is most great) SEVEN times in the first rak’ah and five times in the second rak’ah on the day of the breaking of the fast and on the day of sacrifice (on the occasion of both the ‘Id prayers, the two festivals).

ABU DAWOOD (Book #3, Hadith #1145)

NOTE :-

TAKBEER TEHRIMA,TAKBEER OF RUKOO IS NOT INCLUDED.

IMAAM AL-BAGHAWEE SAID :-

“This is the opinion of the majority of the people of knowledge from the Companions and those after them – that one makes takbeer in the ‘Eid prayer; in the first rak’ah seven times other than the opening takbeer and in the second rak’ah five times other than the takbeer of standing back up before reciting. This is reported upon Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Ali.

(SHARH US SUNNAH 4/309,MAJMOO AL-FATAAWAA 24/220-221)

UTTERING TAKBEER IS BEFORE THE RECITATION OF SURAH FATIHAH :-

Kathir bin Abdullah narrated from this father, from his grandfather:
“The Prophet said the Takbir in the first (Rak’ah) seven (times) before the recitation, and in the last, five (times) before the recitation.” (Hasan)

SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 536)

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-’As: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used to say on the day of the breaking of the fast seven takbirs in the first rak’ah and then recite the Qur’an, and utter the takbir (Allah is most great). Then he would stand, and utter the takbir four times. Thereafter he would recite the Qur’an and bow.

ABU DAWOOD (Book #3, Hadith #1148)

Yahya related to me from Malik that Nafi, the mawla of Abdullah ibn Umar said, “I was at adha and Fitr with Abu Hurayra and he said ‘Allah is greater’ seven times in the first raka, before the recitation, and five times in the second, before the recitation.”

MUWATTA MALIK (Book #10, Hadith #10.4.9)

RAISING THE HANDS DURING TAKBEER :-
Please visit this link for a detailed answer.

https://islaahh.wordpress.com/2014/07/27/raising-hands-rafa-yadain-with-additional-takbeers-of-eid-prayer/

RAISING THE VOICE FOR THE TAKBEER DURING THE SALAH :-

There are no authentic reports indicating that muqtadi (who were praying behind imam) raised their voice with takbir when they prayed behind the Prophet (s.a.w) or his Successors. Furthermore, a general rule is that a Muslim should say all Dhikr silently, especially if there are other people around him who may be disturbed by his raised voice. There are exceptions to this rule, such as the takbir that precedes the Eid prayer, and the talbiyah during hajj and ‘umrah. These exceptions are supported by authentic evidence form the Sunnah.

CONCLUSION :-

Since there is no evidence for the takbirs during the Eid prayer, these takbirs should be said silently by EVERYONE except the imam.

WHAT IS TO BE SAID IN BETWEEN THE TAKBEERS :

There is no specific report from the prophet (s.a.w) regarding what he recited between the takbeers.

IBN UL-QAYYIM SAID : –

He (SAW) used to pause for a little while in between every two takbeers but no specific supplication in between the takbeers has been preserved from him.

(ZAD UL-MA’AD 1/443)

However there is mawqoof report (i.e saying of sahabi)

Hammaad ibn Salamah reported from Ibraaheem that Waleed ibn ‘Uqbah entered the mosque when Ibn Mas’ood, Hudhayfah and Abu Moosa were there, and said, “Eid is here, what should I do?” Ibn Mas’ood said: “Say ‘Allaahu akbar’, praise and thank Allaah (e.g Sana, or any other kind of dua which praises and thanks Allah), send blessings on the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) (durood e ibrahim or simply sending salutations shortly) and make du’aa’ (any dua’a that pleases you), then Say ‘Allaahu akbar’, praise and thank Allaah, send blessings on the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)

SUNAN BAIHAQI (3/291)

WHAT IF SOMEONE MISSES SOME TAKBEERS OR JOINS THE FIRST RAK’AH LATE ?

If a person joining the prayer catches up with the imaam during these extra takbeeraat, he should say “Allaahu akbar” with the imaam, and he does not have to make up any takbeeraat he may have missed, because they are sunnah, not waajib.

______________________________________________________________________________________

7) RECITATION IN TWO RAKAH OF EID UL FITR. :-

SURAH QAF (50) IN FIRST RAKAH & SURAH AL-QAMAR (54) IN SECOND RAKAH :-

Abdullah b. ‘Umar reported that (his father) ‘Umar b. Khattab asked Abu Waqid al-Laithi what the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to recite on ‘Id-ul-Adha and ‘Id-ul-fitr. He said: He used to recite in them:” Qaf. By the Glorious Qur’an” (Surah 50),” The Hour drew near, and the moon was rent asunder” (Surah 54.).

SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #1936)

Ubaidullah bin Abdullah bin Utbah narrated:Umar bin Al-Khattab asked Abu Waqid Al-Laithi what Allah’s Messenger would recite during Al-Fitr and Al-Adha, so he said: ‘He would recite: Qaf, By the Glorious Quran and the Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder.’” (Sahih)

SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 534)
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 535)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 9, Hadith 1568)

OR

SURAH A’LA (87) IN FIRST RAKAH & SURAH GHASHIYAH (88) IN SECOND RAKAH :-

It was narrated from An-Nu’man bin Bashir that:

The Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h) used to recite on the two ‘Eids and on Friday: “GLorify the Name of Your Lord, the Most High” and “Has there come to you the narration of The Overwhelming?” Sometimes the two (‘Eid and Jumu’ah) occurred on the same day, and he would recite them (these two Surahs). (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 9, Hadith 1569)
SUNAN TIRMIDHI (Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 533)

____________________________________________________________________________________________________

8) HOW TO PRAY. :-

INTENTION :-

The person should make Niyah (intention), The intention is made within his mind. He should not utter the words of Niyah aloud, as this is not authentic or approved by the Prophet (pbuh).

Narrated ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab: I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended.

SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 1 Book 01, Hadith 01).

Narrated ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab: Allah’s Apostle said, “The reward of deeds depends upon the intention and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended.

SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 1 Book 02, Hadith 051)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 3 Book 46, Hadith 706)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 5 Book 58, Hadith 238)

NOTE :-

The Niyat to pray Salah, should be within one’s heart or mind only. there is not a single Hadith or even an Athar (teaching of a sahabi) which shows that either the Prophet (s.a.w) or the best of Muslims to have ever lived – his companions (r.a.a) ever, in their entire life uttered their Niyat (to pray) VERBALLY in words (either loudly or softly). The sahabas went to different countries wherein different people belonging to different caste and culture and languages came to them (r.a.a) to learn Islam and how to pray. the sahabas never taught anyone to make their niyat verbally in any language. So how can we do something which the Prophet (s.a.w) or his companions never did in Islam?

FIRST RAKAH :-

In the first rak’ah he should say “Allaahu akbar” (Takbeer Tahrimah) to start the prayer, after which he should say seven more takbeer, so in first rakah seven takbeer exluding takbeer tahrimah.

NOTE :-

we have explained in detailed regarding description of takbeer & their ruling on point num 6.

then after seven takbeer imam will recite Al-Faatiha,in first rakah and recite Soorat Qaf in the first rak’ah or Surah ala.with regard to muqtadi those who are praying behind they will only recite Surah Al-Faatiha not surah rather they will listen to imam recitation.

NOTE :-

We have explained in detailed regarding recitation of surah in two rakah of eid ul fitr in point num 7 .

SECOND RAKAH :-

After completing first rakah, In the second rak’ah he should stand up saying takbeer, and when he has stood up completely he should say allahu akbar (Takbeer Tahrimah) then five times takbeer, so in second rakah five takbeer excluding takbeer tahrimah,

NOTE :-

we have explained in detailed regarding description of takbeer & their ruling on point num 6.

After uttering five takbeer then imam will recite Surah Al-Faatihah then Surah al-Qamar or Surah Ghashiyah . with regard to muqtadi those who are praying behind they will only recite Surah Al-Faatiha not surah rather they will listen to imam recitation.


NOTE :-

We have explained in detailed regarding recitation of surah in two rakah of eid ul FITR in point num 7 .

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

9) RULING ON EID PRAYER FOR WOMEN ? :-

https://islaahh.wordpress.com/2012/10/23/eid-prayer-for-women

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

10) RULING ON IF SOME MISS EID PRAYER CAN HE CAN MAKEUP PRAYER. :-

The Eid prayer is an individual obligation (fard ‘ayn) for every man who is able to do it, according to the more correct of the two scholarly opinions.

IBN HAJAR SAID :-

The legality of making up the ‘Eid prayer if the congregation ‘Eid prayer is missed, regardless of whether one is compelled to miss it or it happens out of choice. That one makes up two rak’ahs.

(FATH UL BAARI 2/550)

The one who miss eid prayer,or reaches the Eid prayers whilst the imam is delivering the khutbah should listen to the khutbah, then he should make up the prayer after that, so that he may achieve two good things.

(STANDING COMMITTEE FOR ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND ISSUING FATWAS, 9/306)

Posted on August 4, 2013, in OTHERS. Bookmark the permalink. 1 Comment.

  1. may allajh bless those who are promoting islam

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