THE STORY OF A WORSHIPER WHO DID NOT DISOBEY ALLAH FOR A BLINK OF AN EYE.
Narrated Jaabir (May Allah Be Pleased with Him) who said: “The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said:
ﺃﺧﺒﺮﻧﺎ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻓﻆ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﻗﺎﻻ ﻧﺎ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺱ ﺍﻷﺻﻢ ﻧﺎ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺃﺳﺎﻣﺔ ﻧﺎ ﻋﺒﻴﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺇﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﻄﺎﺭ ﻧﺎ ﻋﻤﺎﺭ ﺑﻦ ﺳﻴﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺶ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺑﻲ ﺳﻔﻴﺎﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺟﺎﺑﺮ ﻗﺎﻝ : ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻠﻢ : ﺃﻭﺣﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﺰ ﻭ ﺟﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺟﺒﺮﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻗﻠﺐ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻛﺬﺍ ﻭ ﻛﺬﺍ ﺑﺄﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ : ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺏ ﺇﻥ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ﻋﺒﺪﻙ ﻓﻼﻧﺎ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻌﺼﻚ ﻃﺮﻓﺔ ﻋﻴﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ : ﻓﻘﺎﻝ : ﺍﻗﻠﺒﻬﺎ
ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﻟﻢ ﻳﺘﻤﻌﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﻗﻂ
“Allaah inspired to Jibreel (Gabriel,) Peace Be Upon Him to turn so and so city upside down as well as its people. He said: “Then he (Jibreel) said: “O my Lord, there is among them Your slave so and so who did not disobey you for a blink of an eye.” He said: He (Allaah) said: “Turn it upside down upon them as his face never turned angry (due to My Limits being transgressed).”
The story is false (Baatil).
Imam Bayhiqi has transmitted it in Shu’bul Eemaan (6/97,Hadith:7595) via this chain:
“ عبید بن اسحاق العطار: نا امر بن سیف عن الاعمش عن ابی سفیان عن جبر بن عبدللہ رضی الله عنہ “
This chain has three defects:
Ubaid bin Ishaq al-Ataar. He is graded weak by Imam Yahya Bin Maéen.
Imam Bukhari said: He narrates Munkar narrations.
Imam Daruqtani said: “Weak”.
Imam Ibne Adee said: Normally he narrates Munkar narrations.
Imam Nisai said: “Matrook”.
Imam Ibne Al-Jarood said: “He was famous by the name of “A’taar al-Mutlaqaat”. Whatever ahadith he narrates are baatil”.
Imam Abu Hatin Razi was content with this narrator and said:
I have seen good in him, he was not “sabt”, there were shortcomings in his ahadith.
Presence Amaar Bin Saif Al-Zabi in the chain of narrators. He is Weak.
Presence Al-A’mash Suleman Bin Mehran in the chain of narrators. He is Mudallas. He narrated this narration with an “A’nn” without any proof of “Samaa’”.
[ This defect in this case would be when the chain is Saheeh till A’mash].
Meezan ul E’tidal, Volume 3, pg 415.
Al-Duafaa’ of Ibne Jawzi,Volume, 2 pg 159.
Al-Duafaa ul Kabeer of Imam Uqaili,Volume 3,pg 115.
Lisan ul Meezan of Ibne Hijr, Volume 4, pg 117.
Taa’reef Ahlul Taqdees, pg 67. And
Taqreeb Al-Tehzeeb, Amaar Bin yosuf: 4826, Al-Amash: 2615.
Allama Haithimi has mentioned him hin Majmaa’Al-Zawaid, volume 7, pg 270 and said:
“Tabarani in his Al-Awsat has narrated this story via the route of Ubaid Bin Ishaq Al-Ataar A’nn Amaar Bin Yosuf and both of them are weak. Amaar Bin Yosuf has been declared “Thiqa” (strong) by Ibne Mubarak and a group of scholars and Abu Hatim was content with Ubaid bin Ishaq”.
[ Both Ubaid bin Ishaq and Amaar Bin Yasir are weak according to majority Muhaditheen, so the verification of Imam Ibne Mubarak and the approval of Imam Abu Hatim Razi is rejected because it is against the Jarah of majority.]
This hadith has been graded weak by Imam Bayhiqi in Shu’bul Eeman and in the same book (volume 2 pg 97) this hadith has been narrated via the chain of:
“أبو العباس ألأ عاصم: نا الخضر بن أبان : نا سيار نا جعفر عن مالك (بن دينار)
The wordings of this narration are:
““Allaah, The Almighty, ordered a village to be tortured and the angels said amazingly: “There is amongst them Your slave so and so.” Then, Allaah said: “Make me hear his crying, as his face did not ever turn angry due to My Prohibitions being transgressed.”
Then Al-Bayhaqi said: “This is what is known, namely it is a statement of Maalik Ibn Dinaar.” (means that, it is his statement not a hadith).
I (Abu Abdur Rehman Fauzi) with the revision of Sheikh Zubair Ali Zai) say, the chain of this statement is weak too. Its chain contains Khizr Bin Aban Hashmi. Imam Hakim has graded him weak, and Imam Daruqtani made Jarah on him, see: Meezan ul Ee’tedaal Volume 2 pg 177 and
Lisan ul Meezan Volume 2 pg 399.
This narration is weak because of the weakness of Ubaid Bin Ishaq Al-Ataar and Amaar Bin Yosuf and because of the Tadlees of A’mash. The statement of Malik Bin Deenar is also weak because of the presence of Khizr Bin Aban Al-Hashmi in the chain.