RAISING HANDS (RAFA’ YADAIN) WITH ADDITIONAL TAKBEERS OF EID PRAYER.

Eid-ul-Fitr-Festival-2

 

RAISING HANDS (RAFA’ YADAIN) WITH ADDITIONAL TAKBEERS OF EID PRAYER.

 

 

CONTENTS:

1 . PROOF FROM HADITH:

2 . COMMENTS OF MAJOR SCHOLARS:

    • 2.1. IMAM SHAFEE’ RAHIMULLAH.

    • 2.2 IMAM IBNE MUNZIR RAHIMULLAH.

    • 2.3 IMAM BAIHIQI RAHIMULLAH.

    • 2.4 IMAM AWZA’EE’ RAHIMULLAH.

    • 2.5 IMAM MALIK RAHIMULLAH.

    • 2.6 IMAM HANBAL RAHIMULLAH.

    • 2.7 IMAM ISHAQ BIN RAAHWIYAA RAHIMULLAH.

 3. STANCE OF HANAFIS.

4. CONCLUSION.

 

1 . PROOF FROM HADITH:

 

‘Abd Allah b. Umar said:

 

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُصَفَّى الْحِمْصِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا بَقِيَّةُ، حَدَّثَنَا الزُّبَيْدِيُّ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَالِمٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا قَامَ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ رَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ حَتَّى تَكُونَا حَذْوَ مَنْكِبَيْهِ ثُمَّ كَبَّرَ وَهُمَا كَذَلِكَ فَيَرْكَعُ ثُمَّ إِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَرْفَعَ صُلْبَهُ رَفَعَهُمَا حَتَّى تَكُونَا حَذْوَ مَنْكِبَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ وَلاَ يَرْفَعُ يَدَيْهِ فِي السُّجُودِ وَيَرْفَعُهُمَا فِي كُلِّ تَكْبِيرَةٍ يُكَبِّرُهَا قَبْلَ الرُّكُوعِ حَتَّى تَنْقَضِيَ صَلاَتُهُ ‏.‏

 

The Messenger of Allah () used to raise his hands opposite his shoulders when he began prayer, then he uttered takbeer (Allah is most great) in the same condition, and then he bowed. And when he raised his back (head) after bowing he raised them opposite his shoulders, and said: “Allah listens to him who praises Him.” But he did not raise his hand when he prostrated himself; he rather raised them when he uttered the takbeer (Allah is most great) before bowing until his prayer is finished.

 [SUNAN ABU DAOOD 722, Al-MUNTAQA’IBN JAROOD 178, Chain Hasan.]

 

This hadit proves that The Prophet Peace Be Upon Him would raise his hands with every takbeer before Ruku’. The Takbeerat of Eid prayer are also done before Ruku’, so raising hands with these Takbeers is also proven from the Sunnah of Prophet Peace Be Upon Him.

 

2 . COMMENTS OF MAJOR SCHOLARS:

 

The Imams of Hadith have brought this Hadith in support of raising hands with every takbeer in Eid prayer.

 

2.1.IMAM SHAFEE’ RAHIMULLAH:

Imam Shafee’ Says:

ويرفع يديه في كل تكبيرة على جنازة خبرا وقياسا على أنه تكبير وهو قائم وفي كل تكبير العيدين

 

Rafa yadain will be done with every Takbeer of The Funeral and Eid Prayer, based on the Hadith of Prophet (PBUH) and also on Qiyas that Rafa yadain is to be done with every Takbeer during Qiyam.

(Al’ Um:127/1).

 

2,2 IMAM IBNE MUNZIR RAHIMULLAH:

Imam Ibne Munzir Rahimullah says:

وَلأَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ لَمَّا بَيَّنَ رَفْعَ الْيَدَيْنِ فِي كُلِّ تَكْبِيرَةٍ يُكَبِّرُهَا الْمَرْؤُ وَهُوَ قَائِمٌ ، وَكَانَتْ تَكْبِيرَاتٍ الْعِيدَيْنِ وَالْجَنَائِزِ فِي مَوْضِعِ الْقِيَامِ ، ثَبَتَ رَفْعُ الْيَدَيْنِ فِيهَا

 

Also because The Prophet (Peace be Upon Him) would raise his hands with every Takbeer during Qiyaam and the Takbeer of Eid and Funeral Prayers are also done during Qiyaam. Thus doing Rafa Yadain with these Takbeer is proven.

He further says:

أن يرفع ألمصلي يديه إذا أفتتح الصلاة وإذا ركع وإذا رفع رأسه من الركوع ، وكل ذلك تكبير في حال القيام، فكل من كبر من في حال القيام رفع يديه أستد لالا بالسنة.

 

Doing Rafa Yadain at the beginning of the prayer, before going to Ruku’ and upon rising up from Ruku’ is a Sunnah of the Prophet (Peace be Upon Him)- All these Takbeer (and raising hands with them) are in the state of Qiyaam, so a praying person will do Istedlal based upon this Sunnah and will do Rafa yadain with every Takbeer which he makes in the state of Qiyaam.

[Al’Awsat: 282/4]

 

2.3.IMAM BAIHIQI RAHIMULLAH:


Imam Baihiqi Rahimullah:
On the above mentioned Hadith Imam Baihiqi has brought a chapter with this heading”

باب رفع اليدين في تكبر ألعيد.

Rafa Yadain with the Takbeerat of Eid Prayer.

[Sunan Al-Kubra: 411/3]

 

2.4.IMAM AWZAEE’ RAHIMULLAH:

Imam Awzaee’ was asked about Rafa Yadain with the takbeerat of Eid Prayer. He said:

نعم ، إرفع يديك مع كلهن

Yes, Raise your hands with all Takbeers

[Ahkaam Ul Yadain Faryabi: 136, Chain Saheeh]

 

 

2.5.IMAM MALIK RAHIMULLAH:

Imam Malik Bin Anas was asked, So He replied:

 

نعم ، ارفع يديك مع كل تكبيرة، ولم إسمع في شيأ

Yes, Raise your hands with every takbeer, I have not heard any difference about it.

[Ahkaam Ul Eidayen Faryabi: 137, Chain Saheeh]

 

2.6.Imam Ahmed Bin Hanbal Rahimullah:

Imam Ahmed Bin Hanbal Says:

يرفع يديه في كل تكبيرة

Hand would be raised with every Takbeer.

[Masaa’il Imam Ahmed Via Abee Daood: 87]

 

2.7.IMAM ISHAQ BIN RAAHWIYA RAHIMULLAH:

Imam Ishaq Bin Raahwiya Rahimullah is of the same opinion.

[Masaa’il Imam Ahmed wa Ishaq: 4054/8, :2890].

 

3.THE STANCE OF HANAFIS:

The Hanafis also raise their hands (Rafa Yadain) with extra Takbeers of the Eid Prayer but their proof is a statement attributed to Imam Ibraheen Nakh’ee’Rahimullah, which is not proven from him through a sound chain.
Here is that Statement:

 

” ترفع الأيدي في سبع مواطن، في افتتاح الصلاة، وفي التكبيرات للقنوت في الوتر، وفي العيدين”

 

“ Hands will be raised (Rafa Yadain) at seven places, at the beginning of the prayer, at the Takbeerat of Qunoot in Witr and in Eid Prayers.

[SHARH MAA’NI AL-ASAAR TAHAWI: 178/2]

 

ANALYSIS:

This statement is severly weak, because:

1 . Shoi’b Bin Suleman Bin Saleem Kaisani is one the narrator and there is no record/verification of him.

2 . Qazi Abu Yusuf, Yaa’qob Bin Ibrahim is Weak according to majority Muhaditheen.

3 . About him Imam Bukhari say

ترکوہ

Muhaditheen have left him.

[TAREEKH-UL-KABEER: 397/8, UNDER HADITH:3463]

 

4 . Another narrator of this statement is Nu’maan Bin Thabit and he is Weak and there is an agreement of Muhaditheen on him.

 

Thus we come to know that the Hanafis have no firm evidence relating to Raising Hands during the Takbeerat of Eid Prayer.

4. CONCLUSION:

All the evidences quoted above prove that The Prophet Peace Be Upon Him would raise his hands with every takbeer before Ruku’. The Takbeerat of Eid prayer are also done before Ruku’, so raising hands with these Takbeers is also proven from the Sunnah of Prophet Peace Be Upon Him.

 ALLAH KNOWS BEST.

TRANSLATED FROM AS-SUNNAH # 69 OF SHEIKH GHULAM MUSTAFA ZAHEER.

Posted on July 27, 2014, in SALAH (PRAYER). Bookmark the permalink. 1 Comment.

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