MINIMUM NUMBER OF PERSONS REQUIRED FOR FRIDAY PRAYER.

Friday Prayers1

 

MINIMUM NUMBER OF PERSON REQUIRED FOR FRIDAY PRAYER.

 

QUESTION: IS THE PRESENCE OF FORTY OR FIFTY PERSONS NECESSARY FOR FRIDAY PRAYER?

ANSWER:

The presence of forty or fifty persons for Friday prayer is not necessary. Below is the analysis of those narrations which led people to such conclusions.

NARRATION # 1:

Abu Amamah Bahlee (May Allah Be Pleased With Him) narrates that the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said:

عن أبي أمامة قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم:

“الجمعة على الخمسين رجلاً وليس على ما دون الخمسين جمعة”.

 

Jumuah Salah is obligatory upon 50 persons. Jumuah Salah is not obligatory on persons less than 50.

[SUNAN DARUQTANI: 1580]
[AL-KAMIL FEE DUA’FAA-U-RIJAAL IBNE ADEE: 136,135/2, # : 335]
[ MUAJAM UL KABEER TABARANI: 244/8]

ANALYSIS:

This narration is severely weak because of the presence of “ Jafar Bin Zubair” in the chain of narrators, who is severely weak.

Imam Daaruqtani Rahimullah says:

متروك

“ He is an abandoned narrator.”

[SUNAN DAARUQTANI:1580]

NARRATION # 2:

This is another narration attributed to Abu Amamah (May Allah Be Pleased With Him).

على الخمسين جمعة

“Jumuah Salaah is obligatory upon (a minimum of) 50 persons.”

[ SUNAN DAARUQTANI: 1581]

 

ANALYSIS:

The same narrator i.e “Jafar Bin Zubair” is also the narrator of this Hadith whose account has been mentioned under narration # 1.

Imam Baihiqi Rahimullah says:

روي في هذا الباب حديث في الخمسين، لا يصح إسناده

“ Regarding it there is a Hadith of fifity persons but it chain is not Saheeh”.

[ SUNAN AL-KUBRA BAIHIQI: 179/3]

 

 

NARRATION # 3:

This narration is attributed to Jabir Bin Abdullah Ansari (May Allah Be Pleased With Him).

مضت السنة أن في كل ثلاثة إماما ،أو في كل أربعين فما فوق ذلك جمعة، وأضحى وفطرا، وذلك أنهم جماعة.

“ It has been from established Sunnah that one man will be an Imam among three men or Jumuah and Eid prayer is an obligation for forty persons or more.”

[SUNAN DAARUQTANI: 1579]

[SUNAN AL-KUBRA BAIHIQI:177/3]

 

ANALYSIS:

Its chain is weak, because Abdul Azeez Bin Abdur Rehman Qureshi in its chain is not strong and He is not reliable.

 

Imam Hanbal Rahimullah Says:

إضرب على أحاديثه، هي كذب، أو قال: موضوعة .

Leave his Ahadith. They are lies (or He said) They are fabricated.

[AL-ALAL VIA ABDULLAH BIN AHMEN: 5419]

 

Imam Daruqtani Rahimullah has mentioned him in:

[AL-DUAFAA’ WAL MATROKOON:350]

 

Imam Baihiqi Rahimullah says:

وهو ضعيف .

“ He is a weak narrator.”

[SUNAN AL-KUBRA BAIHIQI: 177/3]

 

 

Imam Baihiqi further says:

وهذا حديث ضعيف،لا ينبغي أن يحتج به .

“ This hadith is weak. Taking it as an evidence is not permitted”.

[MA’RIFAT UL SUNAN WAL A’SAAR: 468/2]

 

NARRATION # 4:

This is a false narration attributed to Abu Darda (May Allah Be Pleased With Him):

إذا بلغ أربعين رجلاً، فعليهم الجمعه.

“ When the number of persons reaches to Forty, then Jumuah is obligatory upon them”.

[AL-TALKHEES UL HABEER: 623]

 

ANALYSIS:

After mentioning it Hafiz Ibne Hajar Rahimullah says:

ولا أصل له

“ This is a baseless narration.”

[AL-TALKHEES UL HABEER: 623]

 

 

NARRATION # 5:

This narration is attributed to Abu Amamah (May Allah be Pleased With him).

لا جمعة إلا بأربعين

“ Jumuah is not obligatory upon men less than forty”.

[AL-TALKHEES UL HABEER: 624]

 

Hafiz Ibne Hajar after narrating it says that this narration is without any Chain.

 

NOTE # 1:

Before the arrival of Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) to Madeenah, Asa’d Bin Zarara (May Allah Be Pleased With Him) led the people in Jumuah prayer in the suburbs of Madeenah, their number were forty.

[SUNAN ABEE DAOOD:1069,CHAIN HASAN]
[SUNAN IBNE MAJAH:1082, CHAIN HASAN]
[IBNE JAROOD: 291]
[IBNE KHUZAIMAH: 1724]
[IBNE HIBAAN:7013. HE DECLARED IT “SAHEEH”.]
[IMAM HAKIM: 281/1,SAID IT IS SAHEEh ON CONDITIONS OF IMAM MUSLIM AND DHAHABI AGREED WITH HIM].

 

Hafiz Ibne Hajar Rahimullah says:

إسناده حسن.

“ Its chain is Hasan”.

[AL-TALKHEES UL HABEER: 625]

 

This Hadith does not at all mean that less than forty person cannot offer Jumuah as mentioned by Hafiz Ibne Hajar Rahimullah in:
[AL-TALKHEES UL HABEER: 625]

 

NOTE # 2:

A narration is attributed to Ume Abdullah Dosia (May Allah Be Pleased With Him) that The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said:

الجمعة واجبة على كل قرية، وإن لم يكن فيها إلا أربعة.

“ Offering the Jumuah is obligatory upon a settlement (of people), even if their number is four.”

[SUNAN DAARUQTANI:1592]
[SUNAN AL-KUBRA BAIHIQI: 179/3]
[MUJMA’ AL-ZAWAID: 841/2]

The chain of this narration is weak because:

Firstly: Muawiya Bin Yahya Madni is Weak according to majority Muhaditheen.

Secondly: Muawiya Bin Saeed Tajeebi is unknown, except for Ibne Hibban Rahimullah no other Muhadith had authenticated him.

Its Mutaabi’at has been done by Waleed Bin Muhammad Moqri in Sunan Daaruqtani (1593). After narrating this Hadith Imam Daaruqtani Rahimullah says; Waleed Bin Muhammad is an abandoned narrator.

 

NOTE # 3:

A narration attributed to Abdullah Ibne Masood(May Allah Be Pleased With Him).

أول من قدم من المهاجرين المدينة مصعب بن عمير، وهو أول من جمع بها يوم جمعهم، قبل أن يقدم رسول الله صلي الله وسلم فصلى بهم.

“ Mu’sab Bin Umair (May Allah Be Pleased With Him) was among those first Muhajireen who migrated to Madeenah. He was the first person who delivered a Jumuah Khutbah and led people in it before the arrival of Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him).”

[MUAJAM UL KABEER TABARANI: 267/2,HADITH:733]
[MUAJAM UL AWSAT TABARANI:6294]

This narration is also weak because:

Firstly: The narrator Salih Bin Abu Khizr in its chain it weak according to Jamhoor Muhaditheen.

Hafiz Haithimi Rahimullah writes:

وقد ضعفه الجمهور.

“ The majority Muhaditheen have declared him weak”.

[MUJMAA’ ZAWAID” 150/2]

Hafiz Busairi Rahimullah writes:

لينه الجمهور.

“ He is weak according to majority Muhaditheen.”

[MISBAH UL ZAJAJAH: 395]

Secondly: The Tadlees of Imam Zuhri is present in its chain.

Moreover this hadith too does not prove in any way that a specific number of persons are required for Jumuah Prayer and Jumuah will not be valid if the number of persons are less than required.

After analyzing all the argument in this regard Imam Shawkani Rahimullah concludes:

وليس على شيء منها دليل يستدل به قط، إلا قول من قال:

إنها تنعقد جماعة الجمعة بما تنعقد به سائر الجماعات.

The other Prayers are considered to be made in congregation if there are two people present. The same applies to Salatul Jumu`ah, unless there is a reason for it to be different. There is no evidence to show that [for the purpose of the congregation] its number should be larger than that for the other Prayers.

[AL-SAIL UL JARAR, PAGE: 182]

 

Sheikh Nasirudeen Albani Rahimullah says:

هذا هو الصواب، إن شاء الله تعالى

“This is the correct view, InshaaAlla”.

[SILSILA AHADEES DAEEFA: 1204]

ALLAH KNOWS BEST.

TRANSLATED FROM GHULAM MUSTAFA ZAHEER’S AS-SUNNAH 55-60.

Posted on August 25, 2014, in SALAH (PRAYER). Bookmark the permalink. 2 Comments.

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